- Museum number
Copies of friezes, after Polidoro da Caravaggio; including two ships, a Roman general on horseback and Horatius Cocles
Pen and brown ink
Verso: Part of a costume
Pen and brown ink
- Production date
Height: 208 millimetres
Width: 281 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Frescoes showing Horatius Cocles were, according to Vasari, frescoed by Polidoro on the exterior of a palace on the Montecavallo, near Sant'Agata, in Rome.
Lit: P. Pouncey and J.A. Gere, 'Italian drawings in the BM, Raphael and his circle', London, 1962, I, no. 222, II, pl. 193
Pouncey & Gere 1962
[See also 1870,0813.895 for further curatorial comment]
The ships in (a) do not occur in the friezes of naval battles by Polidoro known from engravings by Michele Lucchese and Pietro Santi Bartoli, but they could well be his, as could (b), not known to us in any other version, (c) Vasari (v, p. 146) describes "la terribilissima pugna d'Orazio, che mentre solo fra mille spade difende la bocca del ponte, ha dietro a se molte figure bellissime, che in diverse attitudini con grandissima sollecitudine co' picconi tagliano il ponte" painted by Polidoro on a façade "in Montecavallo, vicino a Sant' Agata". A copy after Polidoro at Windsor (Popham 702, not repr.) and an engraving by Michele Lucchese both show Horatius on foot, as does the fresco on the Palazzo Ricci. Copies of compositions (c) and (d) occur in an album of drawings said to be after Polidoro and to have belonged to Andrea Sacchi and Carlo Maratta, purchased in Rome in 1787 by Sir Abraham Hume, from whom it descended to Lord Brownlow (sale, Sotheby, 1924, 29 Jan., lot 40).
The drawings in the album were engraved in facsimile by C. M. Metz, under the title 'Schediasmata Selecta ex Archetypis Polidori Caravagiensis . . .' 1791; in this publication the copies in question are numbered 47 and 36 respectively. The drawings in the album - so far as it is possible to determine without seeing the originals - would seem to be a late sixteenth or early seventeenth-century collection of copies of façade-paintings not necessarily all by Polidoro. Two other copies of composition (d) are at Windsor (Popham 736, 737, neither repr.) and a third, squared, version, inscribed "Polidoro", was in an album belonging to Viscount FitzHarris (sale, Christie, 1950, 21 Apr., lot 55).
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2007-8 Oct-Jan, Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, 'Taddeo Zuccaro:...'
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number