- Museum number
The Flagellation; in the centre Christ, naked except for a loincloth, is bound by the wrists to a Corinthian column; flanked by two soldiers scourging him with a switch and a whip; in the background, two bearded men in turbans watching the scene from the top of a gallery. c.1490-1500
- Production date
- 1490-1500 (circa)
Height: 224 millimetres
Width: 162 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- The print belongs to a series of fifteen engravings of the 'Life of the Virgin and Christ' executed in a style called by Hind the 'Broad Manner' and recently attributed to Francesco Rosselli; for a discussion of this group see the entry for Hind, B.I.1.II (1870-6-25-1048).
This is the third and last state of the print, further reworked around or after the turn of the century. The overall design of the image has not been changed, but significant modifications were made to the figures and poses of Christ and his tormentors giving a greater sense of movement and drama to the composition. The figures are also thinner in build, and the costumes of the two soldiers are less classical in type. The architecture in the foreground has also been simplified with a single, much more sturdy column without the two arches above. Here and there due to inadequate burnishing of the plate traces of the previous composition can be seen - for example, the right leg of Christ and the upraised arms of the two soldiers.
This state corresponds to the Rosselli's last "gouged" manner, in which the hatching is broader and much more deeply cut and the first appearance of the use of backstrokes - fine return strokes - between the parallel hatchings. Because of the delicacy of the first states that quickly showed signs of wear, Rosselli probably realized that he had to modify his technique in order to be able to print a greater number of impressions from his plates.
In the third state of the print the stylistic influence of Pollaiuolo is discernable; the figure on the r is indeed borrowed from that in the r foreground in the latter's famous 'Battle of Nudes' (see Hind, D.I.1 and Mark J. Zucker, 'The Illustrated Bartsch, Commentary', vol. 25, part 2, pp. 13-17, no. 001: P&D V.1.33).
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number