- Museum number
- Object: Sketch for a Monument of Disappointed Justice.
The figures are placed in an alcove recessed in a wall of heavy stones. The massive Ellenborough in wig and gown sits on a wooden seat or plank supported by Sidmouth, Lauderdale, and Stanhope, with behind, the bent posteriors and massive legs of Grenville, who is otherwise hidden by Lauderdale and by a pan suspended from the seat. This seat is 'Broad-Bottom Cabinet' [cf. BMSat 10530], the pan (shaped like that of a commode) is 'Privy Seat'. The plank rests on the shoulders of Sidmouth (l.) and Stanhope (r.); both are tall, thin, and elderly, their heads in profile to the right. The short and solid Lauderdale stands between them, with Ellenborough's feet on his left. shoulder and on Stanhope's r. arm. He is in Highland dress, holds a bonnet rouge, and stands on a large book: 'Brissots Principles of Justice'. Sidmouth holds his cocked hat, and wears the Windsor uniform; in his pocket is a bottle labelled 'Viper Drops'; beside him lies a clyster-pipe (cf. BMSat 9849). Beside Stanhope is an open book: on one page a picture of a boat, 'Justitia', exploding, with a pair of scales shot into the air; on the other: 'The Catamaran of Justice - or the last Expedition to blow up All Opposition in spite of Wind & Tide.' Ellenborough, directed to the right., holds up a pair of scales; the r. scale heavily outweighs the other; it contains a mitre and papers inscribed: 'Decision of the Peers', 'Not Guilty', 'Eldon', 'Vote of the Bishops', 'Opinion of the Eleven Judges'. In the other are a frothing tankard of 'Whitbr[ead's] Entire' [cf. BMSat 10421], and a paper: 'Impeachment'; to these Ellenborough gloomily adds his 'Sword of Justice'. Above his head is the inscription: 'FIAT IN JUSTITIA RUAT CŒLUM'; the 'in' is partly concealed by shading. 29 June 1806
- Production date
Height: 345 millimetres
Width: 246 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- (Description and comment from M.Dorothy George, 'Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum', VIII, 1947)
For Melville's acquittal see BMSat10576, &c. Of the judges only Erskine and Ellenborough (whom Lord Holland blames for intemperance) thought him guilty. Eldon defended him on technical grounds on which he procured a reference to the judges. Of the bishops St. Asaph (Horsley) alone voted guilty. Sidmouth and Grenville did not vote, and the bulky Grenville posteriors may belong to Lord Temple, see BMSat 10579, &c.; he voted guilty on seven charges. For Lauderdale as Brissot see BMSat 8439. For the 'Catamaran' see BMSat 10394; for Stanhope's invention of a vessel to sail 'against wind and tide', BMSat 8640; for his vote see BMSat 10576.
Grego, 'Gillray', p. 335. Wright and Evans, No. 322. Reprinted, 'G.W.G.', 1830.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number