- Museum number
- Object: The new Prussian exercise or the allied armies distressed in their rears with a hint at the convenience of sans coulottes
A party of unarmed French sansculottes (right) drive Prussian troops before them, the last of the Prussians and the most important figure in the design being the Duke of Brunswick. The French ragamuffins, who wear cocked hats and military coats, have bare thighs and ungartered stockings; they jeer at the Duke, the foremost holding out to him a flask and a paper inscribed 'Manifesto', saying, "No wonder de Duke should run away when he has lost his Spirits." The others wave papers indicating the Duke's manifesto, and inscribed 'D.B.' or 'DB Manifesto'; one says, "Now we'l play them the Duke of Brunswick's new March ca ira"; another says, "Quel Bougres des fire all over behind". French sansculotte troops in the background (right) have pikes or pitchforks.
All the Prussian soldiers, like their general, hold drawn sabres and are excreting. The Duke, contorted with colic, says, "Duke Manifesto in a Quondary oh Dear I must let fly I can hold in no longer, these Liberty Dogs have Gallop'd my Guts out: I must for once in my Life cry Off Off." His troops, who wear the caps of Death's Head Hussars, say, "By got dis new Exercise was no agree wit my Guts it was give us de Thorogonimbles". Below the title is etched:
'For Brunswick's Duke with Ninety Thousand Men
Marchd into France and then------March'd out again' 16 October 1792.
- Production date
Height: 246 millimetres
Width: 405 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- (Description and comment from M.Dorothy George, 'Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum', VI, 1938)
On 27 July 1792 the Duke of Brunswick issued his boastful and impolitic manifesto, disclaiming desire of conquest, but threatening Paris 'with military execution and total subversion' if the Tuileries were again violated. On 20 Sept. the invasion of France was checked at Valmy (by the old royal army); the Prussians began to retreat on 30 Sept., and on 22 Oct. evacuated Longwy (taken 23 Aug.) and crossed the frontier, with 10,000 effectives and 20,000 sick out of the 42,000 who had entered France. Brunswick's army was ravaged with dysentery. 'Camb. Mod. Hist.' viii. 234,410 ff. A. Chuquet, 'La première Invasion Prussienne', 1886. See BMSats 8123, 8124, 8126, 8134, 8143.
A copy of the group of Brunswick and the Prussian soldiers is a small vignette below 'Le Trium-geusat', de Vinck, No. 4497 (reproduction), Blum, No. 487.
'Déroute Des prussiens Par Les Sans Culottes qui Les renvoyent avec Brunsvick en Leur faisant cadeau De la foire', de Vinck, No. 4505, appears to be a reduced copy of BMSat 8125 with French inscriptions. Imprint, 'London /Picadily'
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number