- Museum number
Object: The price of Irish tithes!!!
Object: Parisian hospitality to the house of Brunswick.
Object: John Bull reposing after his labours.
Object: Patent penny knowledge mill.
Object: Four specimens of cause & effect.
Object: Probable effect of the projected rail-road to Brighton.
Object: Four specimens of the reading public.
Object: Madrid, - a false alarm
Object: Dieting in Germany.
Object: Dutchmen blocking up the navigation of the Scheldt.
Object: Perfects and imperfects, or Dreadful Times.
Series: McLean's Monthly Sheet of Caricatures or the Looking Glass. No. 34.
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 October 1832
THE PRICE OF IRISH TITHES!!! (17263)
Stanley, the Irish Secretary, kneels at a low altar inscribed 'Mammon' which serves as support for the large scroll on which he writes and which is held up by a capering Devil. A pool of 'Blood' on the ground beside him serves as inkpot. The scroll: 'To sundry | Legal Murders | illegal Murders | Burnings | Massacres | Hangings, | Starvings | &c &c &c | Received as payment | for the above sundry lots | of corn, hay, pigs and | potatoes Signed | Stanl'. His pen rests on his signature, he holds an eyeglass; beside him lies a firebrand. The delighted Devil prances over sheaves of 'Salted Corn', beside which lie dead pigs. He has an enormously long barbed tail which makes a loop round Stanley, encircling also Anglesey and a fat bishop. The Lord-Lieutenant smilingly wipes his sword on drapery hanging from the gown of the bishop who says: 'Wipe your Sword, your Excellency, as I do my mouth, with a bit of my sanctimony & consider it a good bargain'.
PARISIAN HOSPITALITY TO THE HOUSE OF BRUNSWICK. (17264)
A gendarme roughly pushes Prince Charles, the ex-Duke of Brunswick, who shivers, barelegged, in dressing-gown and night-cap; he says: 'Allez-vous-en: il ne faut pas regardez [sic] vos habits: vous voyagerez bien tranquillement en Robe-de-Chambre'. Other gendarmes stand behind with fixed bayonets.
JOHN BULL REPOSING AFTER HIS LABOURS. (17265)
J. B., a stout 'cit', reclines on a bank, yawning, his eyes shut. Behind him is an open sack: 'My Reform Bill and its Provisions'. A man has robbed it of a loaf which he is about to pass over the paling to three plundering Tories: Wellington hooks out a joint of beef; Ellenborough spears a plum-pudding, and Newcastle drinks from a bottle. (One of many expressions of disappointment at Reform, see No. 17248, &c. For Tories as a gang of robbers cf. No. 17134.)
An obese bottle-nosed parson, wearing shovel-hat, bands, top-boots, and riding-breeches, staggers back as he unrolls a huge scroll, exclaiming, 'Oh Horrible! this is but the beginning of evil'. The scroll: 'Ecclesiastical Revenues Commission Office. 44, Parliament St. August 1832. You are commanded to send in the names of what benefices you enjoy; what income you derive from them where you reside; what curates you employ; the amount of their stipend, &c &c &c &c'.
PATENT PENNY KNOWLEDGE MILL. (17267)
A satire on the 'Penny Magazine'. Below the title: 'To Messrs Knight, Brougham & Co. this representation of their prosperous Manufactory is respectfully Dedi¬cated by their Obedient Humble Servant, The Artist'. The title is centred by the device of a penny topped by the Chancellor's wig and backed by crossed brooms; motto: 'Only one Penny'. The rectangular mill is worked by a crank turned by Brougham and Althorp, the latter in his shirt-sleeves; in the former's pocket is a paper: 'Ready made Injunction against any new Penny Mag'. The hopper or receptacle on the top of the mill is heaped with foam inscribed [thrice] 'Frothy', and is decorated with the Royal Arms. Into this Lord John Russell, standing on a ladder, empties a tankard of 'Whig Liberalism', while a bishop (Maltby) empties a bottle labelled 'Whig Theology from Chichester'. Russell: 'A small quantity of this will do, and dont you put too much of that'. Maltby: 'Never fear my Piety, It will not quarrel with your Philosophy'. Behind Russell is a large round 'Mashing Vat' (left) in which the contents of the 'Penny Magazine' are being prepared. The rim is inscribed 'Wonderous condescension & affability'; in it chunks of wood inscribed 'Wood Block' and 'Illustrative Wood Block' are floating, and the mixture is being stirred by Denman; he turns to the right to shout 'Send out the Police, and see no other unstamp'd things are selling'. From the left margin project the horns and talons of the Devil, peppering the frothing vat from a pot labelled 'A small seasoning of Infidelity'. Behind is Charles Knight with ass's ears cutting a newspaper with a big pair of shears; this is 'The Cutting Room with an A.S.S. at work'.
The mill is placarded with two bills: 'No one else need attempt to print or publish any thing; as we intend to do all and every thing cheaper and better than it ever was or will (by other means) be done'. And, 'Don't buy any Cyclopcedia but ours'. A tube, 'The Penny Extractor', connects the back of the mill with the vast coat-pocket of John Bull who leans back in his chair, convulsively extending his fingers over his pocket, while Knight (appearing a second time) stands over him, holding a large funnel in his victim's mouth, into which he rams paper with a stick, saying, 'Never mind your pockets, Mr Bull but take this. I am its Publisher, and know it to be good for a Be-Knighted generation'. Behind them is a policeman (acting on instructions from Denman) who menaces with his baton an emaciated, ragged, and terrified newspaper hawker. The contents of the mill pour out from two wide spouts or pipes; one (left) is 'The Proprietor's Pipe'. From this a circular reservoir sunk in the floor is filled with countless 'Pennies'. From the other, 'The Public's Pipe', a corresponding reservoir, 'The Pall Mall Reservoir', is filled with papers inscribed 'Twaddle'.
FOUR SPECIMENS OF CAUSE & EFFECT. (17268)
 A slim foppish dandy, epicene in appearance, languidly takes snuff, saying, 'I am a King's Aid-de-Camp, consequently a Colonel'.  An officer, erect, but supporting himself on his stick, has fierce ravaged features, an empty sleeve, a wooden leg, a patch over an eye, and a medal. He says: 'I have no recommendation but hard service, so am but a Lieutenant'.  A hugely obese parson in a shovel-hat, holds a purse. He says: 'I hold several good Benefices, so am a Conservative' [see No. 16676].  A lean parson in patched clothes and battered hat, with a Bible under his arm, says: 'As my Curacy scarce keeps us from starving, I must say I wish for a reform'. (For the contrast between  and  cf. No. 6153, &c.; for Church Reform, No. 17266, &c.)
PROBABLE EFFECT OF THE PROJECTED RAIL-ROAD TO BRIGHTON. (17382)
A fashionable pair (left) hasten away from a group of vulgar day-trippers. The former are slim and elegant, the latter fat and florid. She: 'What shocking Savages!!' He (with a monocle in his eye): 'Oh we must now leave this place; it may do for the Royal family, but not for a fashion-able one'. An ugly bandylegged child clutches the waistcoat of its bandy-legged and paunchy father, wearing top-boots and a squat bell-shaped top-hat, who asks morosely 'Wot time was we to be on the Rail-Road again?' His florid and dishevelled wife, with flaunting bonnet, holds a screaming infant. Behind them is a man carrying a basket and bundle tied to a stick. Behind are the domes and pinnacles of the Pavilion.
FOUR SPECIMENS OF THE READING PUBLIC. (17383)
Four designs, the figures all three-quarter length.  An aged woman in fashionable evening dress, which displays a scraggy neck and shoulders, says: 'I invariably peruse the Court Journal'. Her skull-like head is framed in a head-dress of spiky frills.
 A thin boy, wearing an apron and a patched, out-grown jacket, gropes in his pocket, saying, 'A penny Guide to Knowledge Sir, if you please'. Cf. No. 17285.
 A lank melancholy man, holding an infant, says 'I want the Family Library'. Behind him stand five older children.
 A paunchy man, resembling a clown without his make-up, says jauntily: 'Of course you have the Comic Magazine' [illustrated by Seymour].
(Cf. No. 15179, with the same title.)
MADRID, - A FALSE ALARM (17269)
Ferdinand VII lies on his back in bed, his crown and a huge pot of 'Holy Water' beside him. He calls 'Quick! fetch the Holy Petticoat I once embroidered. St. Peter will sure admit me in that disguise'. Behind his bed-curtains a procession hurries forward, headed by a friar holding two huge candles. An acolyte swinging a censer walks before a bishop in his robes who holds up an embroidered petticoat hanging from a cross. Behind is another bishop. (Ferdinand VII's death was expected and had been reported. He recovered and died on 29 Sept. 1833. For the petticoat, reputedly embroidered for the Virgin during his internment at Valençay, see No. 12508, &c.)
DIETING IN GERMANY. (17270)
'Liberty' is represented by the flames coming from big candle-ends placed on the ground; Francis I and Nicholas (out of place in the German Diet) are putting huge extinguishers over them. Five of the candles are 'Franckfort, Hesse-Cassel, Brandenburg, Hanover, Baden'. The Tsar: 'Extinguish it in one place it blazes in another'. He is back to back with the senile Francis who puts his extinguisher over 'Brandenburg', saying, 'Why the extinguisher itself appears to be igniting'. (See No. 17212, &c. Revolutionary movements in Europe, cf. No. 16535, had in fact been suppressed or had subsided. For the extinguisher cf. Nos. 12588, 14145.)
DUTCHMEN BLOCKING UP THE NAVIGATION OF THE SCHELDT. (17271)
A row of fat Dutchmen sit on the water, buoyed up by bulky and inflated breeches. All are smoking long pipes; one says 'Yau Mynheer'. Behind them are small ships. Two frogs watch from a bank in the foreground. (The obstinacy of the King of Holland in claiming control over the navigation of the Scheldt, including the right of preventing ships from passing to or from the high seas, was a main obstacle in the settlement of the Dutch-Belgian question. Camb. Hist, of Br. Foreign Policy, ii. 146 ff. See No. 17295, &c. Van Stolk, No. 7170. )
An ugly infant, Queen Maria (left), and a crowned ape, Miguel, face each other across a chasm. On the plain below and between them scattered forces are fighting. The child, who has dropped her coral and bells, holds out her arms, screaming 'Ah you've got my crown! I will have my crown'. The ape, who presses a foot on human bones, grimaces savagely. Below each protagonist is a supporter. A man waving a cocked hat shouts 'Fight for your illustrious Queen'. A monk holds up both arms, shouting 'Fight for your August King!!' Below the title: '"Oh its a mighty pretty Quarrel" (Sir Lucius O'Trigger)' [Sheridan, The Rivals]. (For the civil war in Portugal see No. 17179, &c.)
PERFECTS AND IMPERFECTS, OR DREADFUL TIMES. (17273)
'The Times' newspaper is represented by a man whose body from neck to hips is covered by a sheet of 'The Times'; across the columns of the paper are the words: 'Horrible! \ Dreadful!! \ Frightful!! \ Mare's Nest \ discovered near \ Hammersmith'. The square head, with fierce angular features and a pen stuck in it, is seemingly an ink-pot. The limbs are those of a vigorous man, who lunges fiercely with outstretched arms, holding a huge ink-ball in each hand. With one he knocks backward and blackens the face of an elderly man dressed like the Duke of Cumberland who watches from the left. 'The Times': 'I should not have known how to make any thing of the Duke's apology; because a short-sighted man might ride nearer than he intended, and seeing people so much more frightened than hurt, might possibly smile:—But you I have at my mercy. Where's the mustachoes Sir? Where's the mustachoes?—There, Sir— there, have you any mind for another dose'. Cumberland, stooping aggressively, exclaims: 'Oh! you officious blockhead, you will get freely belaboured for your pains'. A young lady, who watches mincingly from the right, cries, 'Oh! I am quite positive as to the mustachoes!!'
- Production date
Height: 417 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 292 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Notes to No. 17263:
The last measure of the Session was a Bill for the Composition of Tithes in Ireland; it was opposed as likely to place 'the incumbents of the Protestant Church as mortgagees in possession' and aggravate the grievous situation in relation to tithes. Parl. Deb., 3rd s. xiv. 1006. Frequent conflicts between peasants and soldiers over the collection and valuation of tithes amounted to a tithe-war, see (e.g.) The Times, 10 Sept. 1832, 12 Sept. (leader). Farmers poisoned their hay and corn-stacks with arsenic, a process called salting. Ibid. See Nos. 17209, 17236, 17278. Cf. No. 16964.
Notes to No. 17264:
The ex-Duke (see No. 16276 , &c.) had established himself in Paris and was collecting funds for the recovery of his Duchy, posing as the victim of an arbitrary Diet (cf. No. 17212). An order of expulsion was followed (18 Sept.) by a domiciliary visit, and the supposed Prince Charles was escorted to the Swiss frontier. The real Prince remained concealed in Paris and soon obtained an annulment of the order. Le Duc de Brunswick, Paris, 1875, pp. 167 ff.
Notes to No. 17266:
Church Reform was the natural result of Parliamentary Reform; popular hostility to the Church was extreme (cf. No. 16805, &c.) and Disestablishment was expected. On 23 June 1832 a Royal Commission was appointed to inquire into benefices, and a schedule of thirty-two queries was sent to all incumbents in August (printed British Magazine, ii. 80); Dicey, Law and Public Opinion, 1914, pp. 311-60; W. L. Mathieson, Church Reform 1815-1840, 1923, pp. 59 ff. Many pamphlets on Church Reform appeared, 1832-3. Cf. Nos. 15791, &c, 16805, &c. See Nos. 17268, 17286, 17332-9, 17341.
Notes to No. 17267:
The Penny Magazine, organ of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, was edited, and also published, at Pall Mall East, by Charles Knight, who appears here in both capacities. The Chairman of the Committee was Brougham, the Vice-Chairman Russell. In its first number it was said that eight or ten penny periodicals had already established a regular sale; 'the most noxious of them have been hitherto the least successful'. The intention of the founders of the Magazine was to rival the 'unstamped weekly publications . . . nearly all dangerous in principle and coarse in language'. C. Knight, Passages of a Working Life, 1864, ii. 180. Radical journalists detested the magazine. The Ballot, 10 June 1832, in an article on the unstamped Press, calls it 'that most contemptible work ... it is in every respect a periodical of the very meanest conceivable class. There is rarely any one page which might not as well have been published ten years back . . .'. From time to time the hawkers of the more noxious were arrested by the police (cf. No. 16981). The publication of the Penny Cyclopadia, to begin in January 1833, was announced in August as a result of the success of the magazine. Penny Magazine, p. 216. See Nos. 17123, 17247, 17258, 17285.
Notes to No. 17273:
Cumberland was accused in a letter to the Globe of deliberately frightening two Miss Perfects by riding on the footpath of the road from Hammersmith to Barnes. The Times took the matter up with fervour between 19 Sept. and 3 Oct. (leaders on 24, 25 Sept., 3 Oct.; anonymous satirical verses by Moore, Works, p. 650), 'The Duke is the Lad to frighten a lass', on 2 Oct., with the refrain 'Galloping dreary Duke' (from the old song 'Galloping dreary dun' cf. No. 6665). Cumberland (blind in one eye) had apologized when two people came forward with alibis for him at the time in question, and Major-General Sir George Quentin (see Nos. 12315, 14640), his equerry, said that it was he who had inadvertently frightened the ladies, but when he visited them to apologize, one asked 'but where are the mustachioes'. The Times; Fulford Royal Dukes, 1933, pp. 239 f. See Nos. 17262, 17274, 17275.
Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. III") containing nos. 25 to 36 for 1832. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer
Associated with: Sir Henry William Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey
Associated with: Henry Peter, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Associated with: Charles II, Duke of Brunswick
Associated with: Thomas Denman, 1st Baron Denman
Associated with: Edward Law, 1st Earl of Ellenborough
Associated with: Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover
Associated with: Ferdinand VII, King of Spain
Associated with: Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Francis I, Emperor of Austria
Associated with: Charles Knight
Associated with: Edward Maltby, Bishop of Durham
Associated with: Maria II, Queen of Portugal
Associated with: Evaristo Miguel
Associated with: Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle
Associated with: Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia
Associated with: Lieutenant-Colonel George Austus Quentin
Associated with: Lord John Russell (later John Russell, 1st Earl Russell of Kingston Russell)
Associated with: Edward Geoffrey Smith Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
Associated with: Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Associated with: William I, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxemburg
- Acquisition date
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