- Museum number
Object: "Black white and grey"
Object: Convenient principles.
Object: The spiritual Quixote in Ireland "On stanly on"
Object: Leading both the lame & the blind.
Object: A dream and but a dream.
Object: King of H-v-r.
Object: King of Br-t-n.
Object: An honourable member
Object: John Bull's march of improvement (?)
Object: [Lord Althorp]
Object: Beginning for parliamentary speeches.
Object: Russian policy.
Object: Lord H-f-d's fête champêtre.
Object: Slavery Freedom
Series: McLean's Monthly Sheet of Caricatures or the Looking Glass. No. 32.
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 August 1832
"BLACK WHITE AND GREY" (17207)
Below the title: 'or Joseph viewed under different lights'. A (white) bust of Hume, directed to the left, is lit by two candles which cast two shadows of his profile. The larger and nearer is in a socket inscribed 'Radicalism'; the shadow cast is black. The other, 'Whigism', is a mere candle-end in a saveall (also his emblem in No. 14362); it casts a grey shadow. (Hume, an advocate of cheese-paring retrenchment, was a leader of the radicals in Parliament.)
CONVENIENT PRINCIPLES. (17208)
A Catholic priest (left) holds up a crucifix and a monitory finger to King Leopold; behind the latter's shoulder are a dismayed Anglican bishop and a Greek bishop (right), who says: 'You once admired our Greek Church'. Leopold, who bends towards the Catholic, but looks slyly towards the Greek, answers: 'Ah but then I was not King of Belgium'. The figures are half-length. (Leopold, a Lutheran who had married Princess Charlotte, and had provisionally accepted the Greek crown, see No. 16010, &c, is now king in a Catholic country, about to marry a Catholic, see No. 16742, &c. Van Stolk, No. 7170, b.)
THE SPIRITUAL QUIXOTE IN IRELAND "ON STANLY ON" (17209)
Stanley, as Don Quixote (left), gallops, lance in rest, towards a windmill (right). He holds a shield inscribed 'Mother Church' on which is the bewigged head of a bishop. The windmill is topped by the head of O'Connell, watching Stanley with his pugnacious smile; its four sails are all inscribed 'Agitation', and the building is placarded 'No Tithes Paid Here'. Sancho Panza is Lord Holland, with a gouty leg and a crutch in his left hand; he stands beside his ass, leaning on it, and extending both arms towards Stanley. Stanley: 'Audacious Catif soon shall my victorious arm humble you with the dust then shall you pay the due Tithes of obedience to that peerless one whose name I bear upon my shield'. Holland exclaims: 'Stop! stop good Sir Knight, fight with something else than that Mill, or you'll get a milling'.
LEADING BOTH THE LAME & THE BLIND. (17210)
Talleyrand and Palmerston walk arm-in-arm, as in No. 16937, but from right to left; each has a cord attached to his nose and held by a Dutchman (William I) who marches off to the left, his finger to his nose. The latter, who wears bulky breeches and a steeple-crowned hat, says with a sly grin 'This is Protocoling'. (It was thought that William I, by obstinacy and chicanery, was getting the better of England and France, who supported an independent Belgium. For the protocols see No. 16742. Van Stolk, No. 7170, a.)
A DREAM AND BUT A DREAM. (17211)
Lord Londonderry lies on a sofa, frowning in his sleep. Behind the sofa is a row of eight giant candles, each with a face in its flame. He says: '* Oh! here's my Candles come at last well I thought I should recover them'. After the title: '* Spoken in his sleep'.
KING OF H-V-R. (17212)
A companion print to No. 17213; between the two titles is the inscription 'Each [sic] Man in his time plays many parts' ['As You Like It', v. vii]. William IV, in royal robes and crown, sits arrogantly on a throne holding a sceptre, his right foot on a stool. The throne is surmounted by a crowned shield on which is the White Horse of Hanover. At the dais kneels Liberty, in a torn gown, with loose hair, and with a (broken) spear and cap of Liberty beside her. She says: 'O save me save poor Liberty Metternich & the Prussians after despoiling and starving, now threaten me Death itself' [sic]. The King: 'Hence Mischievous Wretch I Perfectly agree with all they propose'.
KING OF BR-T-N. (17213)
See No. 17212. Liberty sits enthroned with a fierce lion beside her. She holds a shield inscribed 'Vox Populi Vox Dei' and her staff, on which is a cap of Liberty. Behind her seat are large flags inscribed 'Liberty' and 'Union' [see No. 16815, &c], and her right foot rests on a block inscribed 'Prescription'. William IV, abject and absurd, kneels on both knees at her feet, his crown and sceptre beside him. He says: 'Should I be suspected of mediating [sic] any thing against your August Godesship I should be unworthy the honor of Kissing as I now do the awful tip of your sublime toe'. (He has been humiliated by the May crisis, cf. No. 17204.)
AN HONOURABLE MEMBER (17214)
A member sits on a bench in the Commons trussed by ropes, his ankles tied and linked to the rope round his neck; his wrists are also tied. His eyes are bandaged, his mouth is padlocked, his ears are plugged. Below the design: 'PLEDGES. It is expedient that the Members of the next Parliament be bound Neck and Heels that they may riot desert their duty place a Padlock on their lips to prevent them speaking but as their Constituents please tie their hands that they may do no good, Blind their eyes that they may see no evil in ministers and stop their ears that they may be impervious to all Argument'.
JOHN BULL'S MARCH OF IMPROVEMENT (?) (17215)
John, very obese, rushes headlong down a steep hill, arms held up, head thrown back, unable to stop and in imminent danger of falling. He has lost his hat. Cf. No. 15604, &c.; for Reform as rapid progress down hill, No. 17153.
[LORD ALTHORP] (17216)
A half-length portrait of Althorp in the Commons, wearing his hat; he leans back in his seat, yawning cavernously. Below the design: 'I must admire said Col. S—t—p the Politeness of Lord A—t—p he never interrupts my Speech he never Coughs! The reason is obvious. No man Coughs when he yawns'. Col. Sibthorp (1783-1855) was an ultra-Tory, uncompromising, eccentric, and incalculable. See No. 16974.
BEGINNING FOR PARLIAMENTARY SPEECHES. (17217)
A row of four half-length portraits, each in a characteristic attitude:  [?] Lord Wharncliffe (cf. No. 16930, &c), with bent right elbow and crooked forefinger, says: 'Talk of Measures, I have been aquainted [sic] with many Measures more to my Mind'.  O'Connell, leaning back, right hand raised: 'Niver shall the Pisantry of Ireland submit to laws, &c.'  Hunt, with clenched right fist: 'I never saw a blackerpeice of work'.  Hume, right hand extended: 'I never can see any occasion to pay' [his attitude to expenditure in general but not to the Russian Loan, see No. 17201].
RUSSIAN POLICY. (17218)
The Tsar and his generals, all with the heads of bears, are in conference. He sits arrogantly, his jack-booted legs thrust forward, turning to an officer (left) who bows low, sweeping the floor with his cocked hat. The latter: 'When may it please Your Imperial Majesty that your faithful Slaves shall march to attack and devour the British Possessions. Every devoted Bear when he heard of your sublime Majesty being called Miscreant and above all a barbarian, felt the deepest Indignation and became roaring for his Prey'. Nicholas: 'My right trusty & well beloved General I wait but to see how many Millions of Money the fools will give me, before I declare war against them'. His throne is backed by flags, and by a circle of officers, one of whom rests both hands on the hilt of a tall sword, and turns expectantly to the Tsar. On the table (right) at the Tsar's elbow is a 'Map of India'. Behind (left) are serried ranks of bear-cavalry, with long Cossack spears.
LORD H—F—D'S FÊTE CHAMPÊTRE. (17379)
Below the design: 'with the unique accompaniment of Tar Barrels blazing in all directions'. A garden scene, with fashionable guests incommoded by smoke from tar-barrels. In the foreground a man with a lady on each arm stands near a barrel (right) which a servant stirs. (Lord Hertford gave a garden fête, with lighted tar-barrels at intervals, intended to dispel cholera infection. This is the subject of Moore's 'Thoughts on Tar Barrels'. The Times, 24 July; Poetical Works, 1910, p. 641.)
SLAVERY FREEDOM (17219)
Two contrasted scenes divided by a huge cask in which stands, full-face, an obese and repulsive preacher with a heavy jowl, pig's eyes, and a thatch of hair over a low forehead. He preaches with arms flung wide: 'Think of the poor suffering Affrican called a Slave unpossess'd of any of the rights & privileges that you enjoy, while you sit under the vine of your Reform Bill and the fig-tree of your Magna Chart—He knows nothing of such blessings'. On the left is a 'free' English family. A man sits in a broken chair leaning his head on his arm which rests on a table. His neatly dressed wife, holding an infant, touches his elbow, saying, 'What must an industrious and honest man starve in a Country like this'. He answers: 'Yes unless I draw a Cart harness'd like a beast and get fed by the Parish'. On the right is a family of black slaves under a cocoanut palm. The father kneels to play with a black infant whose mother, neatly dressed in figured cotton, bends over him, holding him up by both hands as he capers delightedly. The man: 'A, ah picaninny you eat yam yam you belly full?—him beauty Lilla'. The smiling wife: 'Ess Sambo he berry like you'. Behind, black men and women dance in a ring while one of them plays a bladder bridge (cf. No. 7067). In the foreground, before the preacher's cask, are two big volumes, inscribed 'Slavery!!!', a bundle of 'Reports', and papers inscribed 'Electioneering Circular; Horrible Punishment; British Outrage; Anti-Slavery Reports'. In front of the poor Englishman is a file on which many papers, all inscribed 'Tax', are spiked. In front of the slaves is a garland of pumpkins and foliage, symbol of tropical plenty.
- Production date
Height: 417 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 292 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Notes to No. 17209:
The relations between Stanley, Irish Secretary, and O'Connell were becom¬ing increasingly heated, largely owing to the former's Composition of Tithe Bill. On July 13 O'Connell said: 'His grand principle is to keep up the present Protestant Church Establishment in Ireland—the most monstrous establishment that ever existed in any Christian country.' Parl. Deb., 3rd s., xiv. 363. The title is from Richard Graves's novel, 1773, followed by a quotation from Scott's Marmion. See No. 17263, &c.
Notes to No. 17212:
The German federal diet on 28 June unanimously adopted six articles dictated by Metternich, the first of which imposed on every German sovereign the duty of refusing every petition of his estates impairing his sovereignty. Other repressive measures followed in July. The pretext was a revolutionary demonstration in Hambach (Bavarian Rhineland) in May. Objections were raised by Palmerston. See Nos. 17220, 17255, 17270.
Notes to No. 17214:
It was a radical tenet that members should be pledged to their constituents, and thus be delegates not free representatives, a burning question in the elections of 1832. Macaulay and Hobhouse were among those who strongly repudiated the principle of pledges. G. O. Trevelyan, Life and Letters of Macaulay, 1908, pp. 202 f.; Hobhouse, Recollections of a Long Life, iv. 259. See also Nos. 16741, 17237, 17323, 17326, 17331, 17340.
Notes to No. 17218:
A satire on the Russian Loan, see No. 16948, &c. Croker said (12 July): 'if the policy of Russia should differ so far from ours as to induce her to go to war, it would be utterly preposterous to subsidise her . . .'. Parl. Deb. 3rd s. xiv. 346. On 28 June, in a debate on Poland, O'Connell called the Tsar 'the miscreant conqueror', and asked if he should not be execrated by mankind on account of his crimes although 'he had a horde of 300,000, or 400,000 barbarians at his back'. Ibid. xiii. 1137. Grey expressed his vexation at the debate to Princess Lieven. Corr. of Princess Lieven and Earl Grey, 1890, ii. 359-62. Cf. No. 17250.
Notes to No. 17219:
A defence of slavery. The contest between abolitionists and the defenders of slavery was to be a leading issue at the coming election. For a similar attack on opponents of the Slave Trade for indifference to conditions in England cf. No. 9685 (1792); see also Nos. 13249, 15998. Cf. 'Slavery ... in America. Slavery ... in England,' [factory workers], pub. Boston U.S.A., c. 1850, reproduced, Nevins and Weitenkampf, A Century of Political Car¬toons, N.Y., 1944, p. 68.
Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. III") containing nos. 25 to 36 for 1832. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer
Associated with: Francis Charles Seymour Conway, 3rd Marquess of Hertford
Associated with: Henry Richard Fox Vassall, 3rd Baron Holland
Associated with: Joseph Hume
Associated with: Henry "Orator" Hunt
Associated with: Leopold I, King of the Belgians
Associated with: Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (as Charles William Stewart)
Associated with: Richard Clemens Lothar, Prince of Metternich-Winneburg
Associated with: Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia
Associated with: Daniel O'Connell
Associated with: Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Associated with: Col Charles de Laet Waldo Sibthorp
Associated with: Edward Geoffrey Smith Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
Associated with: Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevento
Associated with: James Archibald Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie, 1st Baron Wharncliffe
Associated with: William IV, King of the United Kingdom
Associated with: William I, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxemburg
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number