- Museum number
Object: Scene at an English orange lodge
Object: A bowl of punch.
Object: Scene at a levee!!! "Lend me your ears."
Object: An Irish chance-seller.
Object: Blessed fruits of the slave trade.
Object: Frankenstein's creating peers.
Object: A London board of health hunting after cases like cholera.
Object: By hook or by crook.
Object: A half and half reform.
Object: A general fast.
Object: Hopes and fears.
Series: Mc.Lean's Monthly Sheet of Caricatures or the Looking Glass. No. 27.
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 March 1832
SCENE AT AN ENGLISH ORANGE LODGE (16958)
Below the title, 'No Reflection'. Eldon and a bishop support between them an empty frame, ostensibly that of a mirror which they hold up to the Duke of Cumberland (right). But the bishop and the Duke of Newcastle hold behind the empty frame a three-quarter length portrait of William III in armour, labelled 'William of Orange'. Cumberland, looking at his supposed portrait, exclaims 'Ah! Indeed! I had quite forgot what manner of man I was. So since you find I have Piety and all that sort ofthing sufficient, I'll be your Arch Master'. A second bishop, standing behind the first, says, 'Oh! Your Highness is too modest! Turn and see yourself in this Glass; see what indubitable traits of Piety, Patriotism, Honesty, Humanity, Wisdom and Valor are displayed in your honest open countenance'. On the extreme left, beside Newcastle, stands Wellington, eyebrow raised and hand over his mouth in amused apprehension at the extent of the fraud. On the right is a group of Tories whose amusement is more unrestrained. They are Peel, seated and hiding his face with his hat, Ellenborough, and, behind, Goulburn and Aberdeen. On the floor lie papers: 'Anti-Reform Tactics; Plan for a New Tory Administration; Private Plots'.
A BOWL OF PUNCH. (17364)
In a huge punch-bowl sit or stand four persons, representing the ingredients: 'Sweet' is a pretty girl, 'Spirit' is a virago who attacks 'Water', an ugly nincompoop, watched by 'Sour', a spiteful-looking man.
SCENE AT A LEVEE!!! "LEND ME YOUR EARS." (16959)
Wellington (left) stands on a low stool, holding a paper, staring at Cumberland and Gloucester (wearing boots) who have seemingly dragged the King from his seat, one holding his right ear, the other his left ear.
A stout man, wearing a star, puts his hands on his chest, saying cheerfully, 'It is not mine, but the Doctor's'. In the background two lean doctors consult; one asks: 'How long do you think him likely to last'.
AN IRISH CHANCE-SELLER. (16960)
Plunket, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, stands with knees flexed holding out his gown to screen a terrified man who crouches (right) behind him, saying, 'Oh screen me from that Master of the Rolls'. Plunket, looking to the left, says: 'Mind I bargain that he dont pay costs'.
BLESSED FRUITS OF THE SLAVE TRADE. (16961)
The Baptist War in Jamaica (Great Jamaican Slave Revolt). In the foreground a ferocious-looking black man, wearing only breeches and a cap of Liberty, kneels, gun in hand. Behind him a white woman sits on the ground with her arms bound behind her. She is beside a bank on which are four (white) decollated heads on sticks. In the middle distance (right) a planter's house is blazing, and on the left black people wearing loin-cloths dance beside a fire in which is white man tied to a stake. (News of the insurrection of slaves in Jamaica in Dec-Jan. 1831-2 appeared in the papers on 20 Feb. See Parl. Papers, 1831-2, xlviii; W. L. Matheson, British Slavery and its Abolition, 1823-1838, 1926, pp. 208 ff. Cf. No. 16207. )
FRANKENSTEIN'S CREATING PEERS. (16962)
Grey, wearing slashed doublet and trunk hose, holds out a jar emitting flames and inscribed 'Royal Assent'. He flinches in alarm from a solid Gothic table on which are laid out close together the forms of dummy, or lifeless peers in barons' or viscounts' coronet and robes. Brougham, in Chancellor's wig and gown, is behind him, striding forward with energy. Grey: 'Now I have this Promethian fire I fear to use it'. Brougham: 'Oh! proceed. We must only be careful to see that they all have the bump of obedience prominently developed on their craniums; 'tis the only way to neutralize the spite of those already made'. Through the small leaded panes of a window behind him (right) are seen the angry face and clenched fist of a man wearing a ducal coronet.
A LONDON BOARD OF HEALTH HUNTING AFTER CASES LIKE CHOLERA. (16963)
Six doctors are tracking down smells in a dilapidated London courtyard containing a sty from which a large pig looks out. One (left) descends cellar steps, above which is a placard 'Cats Meat Sold Here'. Two others peer in at a casement above it; one says 'The scent lies strong here; do you see any thing?' Another kneels to sniff at a grating, and a fourth turns over a dunghill with his cane, saying, 'Oh! if I can but find a smell'. The sixth climbs in at a casement window from a ladder. On the ground is a paper head 'Looseness of the bowels is the beginning of the Cholera'. On the wall are two placards, one headed 'Cholera Morbus', the other 'Loos... Ch...' In the middle distance two others hurry off, saying, 'Positively we must find something; it wont do to lose our Twenty guineas a day'.
BY HOOK OR BY CROOK. (16964)
A ragged peasant, seemingly Irish, disputes with a bloated bishop, the spoil being a large wheat-sheaf inscribed 'Tithes' on which lies a pig. The bishop uses his crosier as a weapon, and at this the peasant slashes with his reaping-hook. (Tithes were a factor in the hatred of the clergy in England (cf. No. 16805); in Ireland they were a burning political issue which had led to much violence. See (e.g.) the debate on tithes in Ireland, 8 Feb. 1832. Parl. Deb., 3rd s. x. 66 ff. Cf. No. 17263, &c.)
A HALF AND HALF REFORM. (16965)
A John Bull stands full-face, divided into two halves by a vertical line. His right half (on the left) is plump, prosperous, and well-dressed. The other half is emaciated, with fallen features and tattered wrinkled clothes; in the left hand is an empty pocket. (Radicals who accepted the Reform Bill did so only as a stage towards man-hood suffrage, the ballot, &c.)
A GENERAL FAST. (16966)
An angry general in uniform leans back in an armchair, immobilized by a gouty leg resting on a stool. (For the General Fast, proclaimed for intercession on account of cholera, see No. 16943, &c. Cf. General Fast, No. 8801 (1796) and No. 16533.)
HOPES AND FEARS. (17366)
Six designs in two columns, each with title:  'Hoping for the Spread of the Cholera'. An undertaker, legs apart, stands full-face, clapping his hands. Beside him is a list of 'Deaths'.
 'Fearing the Spread of the Cholera'. A fat man stands in his gin-shop reading a placard: 'Gin Drinkers Beware'. He exclaims 'Vort a shame'. In the background are a huge cask inscribed 'Deadys' [cf. No. 17356] and a row of taps. Behind him is a jar of 'Vitrol' [sic].
 'Hoping for an Increase'. The Queen sits at a round table under a gas-chandelier. She inspects baby-linen, while William IV leans eagerly on the back of her chair.
 'Fearing an Increase'. A man sits gloomily, a squalling child on each knee. Eight older children, all ugly and some screaming, cluster round him.
 'Hoping the best'. A woman seated on a stool angrily birches a screaming child who lies across her knee.
 'Fearing the Worst'. A terrified Irish peasant races past a tombstone: 'Here [lies] the Wife of Patk Wack'; light streams from a turnip-head by the stone.
- Production date
Height: 416 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 291 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Notes to No. 16958:
A satire based on a 'Prospectus' of the English Orange Lodges, in The Times, 8 Feb., ostensibly a defence of the Crown, Protestant Succession, &c, but probably a squib against Cumberland, a supposed monster of wickedness. The Grand Master was Cumberland; Deputy Grand Masters, Lord Kenyon and the Duke of Gordon; Prelate, the Bishop of Salisbury (Burgess); Grand Secretary, the Marquis of Chandos. A letter to The Times of 7 Feb. had denounced the Lodges as a secret device against Political Unions. The Lodges (cf. No. 15561) became notorious and in 1835 Hume demanded and obtained a Committee of Enquiry, alleging that they were prepared to support Cumber¬land by force against Princess Victoria. The Lodges were broken up in 1836 by order of the King. Walpole, Hist, of England from 1815, iii. 338-44. See Nos. 16971, 16972.
Van Stolk, No. 7170, h.
Notes to No. 16959:
At the levee on 22 Feb. Wellington 'had two anti-Reform addresses to present; and, fearing that if handed in in the usual way . . . the King would never see them again, the Duke made an abstract of them, and to the great astonishment of the King and his attendants, read His Majesty the abstracts in full levee. This very much vexed the Ministers, and did not much please the King . . .'. Croker Papers, 1884, ii. 152.
Notes to No. 16960:
Plunket was under fire for nepotism. Dawson on 6 Mar. (see No. 16970) said that 'the sins of the House, and the opinion of the country had been expressed in a marked manner respecting the conduct of the Irish Lord Chancellor towards the Master of the Rolls' (who was Sir W. McMahon). Parl. Deb., 3rd s. x. 1208.
Notes to No. 16962:
The vexed question of the creation of peers to ensure the passing of the Reform Bill had been raised in Sept. 1831, dropped after 8 Oct. when the number required and the attitude of the King and of some Ministers put it out of the question, cf. No. 16810. At the end of 1831 creation seemed inevitable: Brougham urged the hesitating Grey to make a preliminary creation and secure the King's consent to more if necessary. The King consented with qualifications (15 Jan.), and in February the list was daily expected; Grey held his hand despite pressure. J. R. M. Butler, The Passing of the Great Reform Bill, 1914, pp. 328 ff. For Frankenstein cf. No. 14311. See Nos. 16828, 16932, 16936, 16938, 16939 , 16949, 16979, 16987, 16992, 16998, 17050, 17072, 17126.
Notes to No. 16963:
See No. 16955, &c. It is to be noted that opprobrium is directed on the doctors, not on filthy urban conditions. A letter in The Times, 14 Feb., complained of 'delusion and alarm', and of the profit to the medical profession of cholera-phobia. The Government 'employs agents to search for cases at high salaries. Dr. Daun received for his services 20 l. per day; and I believe others are now paid in a similar proportion'. This was convincingly denied by Wakly in The Lancet.
Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. III") containing nos. 25 to 36 for 1832. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
Associated with: Adelaide, Queen of William IV
Associated with: Henry Peter, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Associated with: Deady
Associated with: John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon
Associated with: Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover
Associated with: Prince William Frederick, 2nd Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
Associated with: Henry Goulburn
Associated with: Sir William McMahon, 1st Baronet
Associated with: Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle
Associated with: Sir Robert Peel
Associated with: William Conyngham Plunket, 1st Baron Plunket
Associated with: Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Associated with: William III, King of England
Associated with: William IV, King of the United Kingdom
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number