- Museum number
Object: Trippings up.
Object: Sweeping the cobwebs from Westminster Hall.
Object: A monumental inscription.
Object: "The fry-er of orders Grey"
Object: Lady Parrot and Miss Macaw-ley.
Object: Tom Pipes
Object: Turtle doves.
Object: One of the tenth.
Object: Specimen of reaction.
Object: The good fat hen wot calls herself the church.
Object: Grand combat between the city champions Gog and Magog.
Object: Double entendre.
Object: The bill is dead, sing hey diddle ho diddle.
Series: Mc.Lean's Monthly Sheet of Caricatures or the Looking Glass. No. 23
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 November 1831
TRIPPINGS UP. (16805)
Bishops (left and right) hold a rope by which they trip up the Ministers in the House of Lords. In the centre Grey and Brougham stagger back, about to fall, as the rope is dragged against their legs. A carrion crow pecks at the Reform Bill which Brougham holds up. One of the bishops, delightedly waving his hat, shouts 'See See!' one of the Devil's corbies is flying off with it; it's his "bill, his whole bill, and nothing but his Bill."
SWEEPING THE COBWEBS FROM WESTMINSTER HALL. (16806)
A cobweb covers the design. In the centre a bloated spider with Wetherell's head looks down and to the right, where a broom-head (Brougham) faces him inscribed 'Court of Bankruptcy Bill'. He says' I, Greatly fear I shan't be able to Weather-all this, brushing, mercy mercy, for my dear old Cobwebs'. See No. 16388, &c.
A MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTION. (16807)
A large tombstone headed with skull and cross-bones is inscribed 'HIC TACIT [sic] | REFORM | Obiit Octbr 8 1831'. Brougham (right) kneels to paint on it the word 'RESURGAM'. Grey stands beside him, holding the stone. From behind it (left) Eldon and Cumberland hurry forward; the latter holds a stick and shouts: 'Hollo, Stop, Stop, we don't want that word'. Grey answers: 'Yes it must be so, the mourners will have it'. (See No. 16797. The pressure of opinion decides that a third Bill will be brought in.)
"THE FRY-ER OF ORDERS GREY" (16808)
Brougham and Grey, as cooks, dispose of the peers who defeated the Reform Bill. A large fire burns in a 'Patent Refor[m] Rang[e]', marked with the Royal Arms. Brougham (right), in wig and gown, sits in profile to the left on a large volume, 'Coke up[on] Lytt[leton]', a broom between his knees. With a big pair of bellows inscribed 'The Times' [in Gothic script] he blows a blast of 'Public Spirit' at the flames. Grey stands behind him holding a smoking frying-pan in which peers, lay and spiritual, are being cooked; coronets, mitres, crosiers, and stars are conspicuous, but only one head is depicted, that of Cumberland. Grey has speared on a fork a bloated and agonized bishop, and says, 'Exit-er Exit', the initial 'E' in both cases scored through. Before Brougham, on the fender, is a large dish containing peers already 'Done Brown': Eldon and Newcastle (left) lie facing Wellington and Ellenborough; their coronets have fallen off.
TOM PIPES (16903)
A small figure composed of clay pipes is smoking a pipe, a pipe-bowl forming body and cap, long-stemmed pipes the arms and legs, a shorter pipe the head and neck.
LADY PARROT AND MISS MACAW-LEY. (16904)
Two parrots dressed as women face each other. One (right) wears a top-hat with floating veil over a frilled cap, and a cloak, suggesting Welsh costume.
Superimposed on Nos. 16809, 16904 is a circular design, the bust portrait of a man taking snuff with a distorted face, title 'Do you take Blackguard?'
TURTLE DOVES. (16905)
Two turtles standing on their flippers, bill like turtle-doves. One is dressed as a woman, the other wears a bag-wig and gown, suggestive of an alderman.
ONE OF THE TENTH. (16809)
A bloated bishop in surplice and mitre rides (left to right) a galloping horse, using his crosier to catch a pig by the leg. On the ground beside him is a Latin cross. He says 'Dont tell me of prayer and fasting I've something else to attend to'. (A satire on bishops and tithes, see No. 16805, &c.; a secondary allusion to the Tenth Hussars (of which Londonderry was Colonel) is suggested by the title, see No. 15930; cf. No. 17077.)
SPECIMEN OF REACTION. (16810)
A knock-kneed dustman, holding his bell, looks to the right, saying, 'Oh its a vulgar herror I gets my dust at the vest end & I knows as how reform's weray ungenteel'.
THE GOOD FAT HEN WOT CALLS HERSELF THE CHURCH. (16811)
A large hen with a predatory beak wears a mitre, episcopal wig, and bands. It sits on the shore with mitred chicks under its wing. The head of Grey, irradiated, appears like a rising sun above the horizon. On the shore (right) in the middle distance a chick, also mitred, and with a human head behind its beak, stands flapping its wings. The hen says to it: 'My darling Cock my Philipot why crow you thus so soon the fear that you will go to pot already makes me swoon'. The chick: 'Oh mother, mother stay me not the Grey ey'd morn appears I'll over crow him ere his [sic] hot and settle his hash with us peers'. (See No. 16805, &c.; for Philipotts, No. 17005, &c.)
GRAND COMBAT BETWEEN THE CITY CHAMPIONS GOG AND MAGOG. (16812)
Gog and Magog, the Guildhall giants, in their Roman armour, fight in the foreground. One (left), wearing a laurel wreath and a favour inscribed 'Key For Ever', has floored the other, who wears a 'Laurie for Ever' favour. Behind are their supporters. On the left, frantically waving hats, is a large group wearing livery gowns, with a banner, 'Key & Reform'. They shout 'Hurra, Key for ever' and 'Key and Reform'. On the right are the fat aldermen, much distressed. Some run off to the right shouting 'Run Run Aldermen all, for our Stout Champion's got a great fall'. Their banner is inscribed 'Laurie And The Order of Succession'. (See No. 16800; for the City giants now (1953) replaced, Nos. 15445, 16733.)
A horse-coper stands in back view pointing to an emaciated horse with a giraffe-like neck, led or rather dragged by a stable-boy. He turns to a foolish-looking man (right) to say: 'There's an oss as good as hever vent on fore legs'. Answer: 'Don't you think he's werry thin tho' He looks as if he'd dined last Lord Mare's Day'. (An allusion to the cancellation of the dinner, see No. 16303, &c.)
DOUBLE ENTENDRE. (16907)
An Irish peasant tugs frantically at the tail of a large pig, pointing to the left; the pig runs to the right. A woman watches, saying, 'Pull Pat pull pig'. A signpost points (left) to Waterford, (right) to Cork.
A smart soldier, musket on his shoulder, strides to the left, saying to a chimneysweep's boy, with sack of soot and brush, 'Out of the way you young Blackguard'. Boy: 'You was black before you was boiled' [i.e. before you became a lobster or soldier, cf. No. 15500, &c.].
THE BILL IS DEAD, SING HEY DIDDLE HO DIDDLE. (16813)
Six bishops, all fat and surpliced, three wearing mitres, dance a jig, while the Devil plays a fiddle, seated on a cask (right), his barbed tail floating over their heads. See No. 16805, &c.
- Production date
Height: 416 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 290 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Notes to No. 16805:
Hatred of the bishops who had voted nineteen to two against the Bill, see No. 16797, far exceeded the (great) hostility towards the lay peers, and the 'downfall' of the Church establishment seemed imminent. J. S. Mill wrote, 20-22 Oct. 1831: 'You may consider the fate of the church as sealed, only two bishops voted for the Bill.. .. Every voice is raised against allowing them to continue in the House of Lords. ... I cannot say I regret either the downfall of the Peers or that of the Church.' Letters, 1910, i. 4, 7. Cf. Nos. 15791, &c, 16087, 16130. See Nos. 16808, 16809, 16811, 16813, 16814, 16816, 16819, 16828, 16833, 16843, 16926, 16940, 16953, 16954, 16971, 17020, 17121, 17124, 17129, 17189, 17238, 17266, &c, 17332-41.
Notes to No. 16808:
See No. 16805, &c. Greville writes, 14 Oct.: 'The "Times" has begun an assault on the Bishops, whom it has marked out for vengeance and deprivation for having voted against the Bill . . . there was desperate strife in the H. of Lds between Phillpott [sic] and Ld Grey, in which the former got a most tremendous dressing.' Memoirs, 1938, ii. 208. The ultra-Reformers were calling for the abolition of the House of Lords, as a 'Public Nuisance'. Wellington, Despatches, n.s. viii. 48-53. For Phillpotts of Exeter see No. 17005, &c.
Notes to No. 16810:
Reaction and apathy (increased by the riots) followed the defeat of the second Bill (see No. 16797): Parkes and Place both believed that the people would have submitted to a Tory Government, J. R. M. Butler, The Passing of the Great Reform Bill, 1914, pp. 326 f. See No. 16829; cf. No. 16962.
Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. II") containing nos. 13-24 for 1831. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number