- Museum number
Object: First of September.
Object: The optimist.
Object: Friends in knee'd friends indeed.
Object: Panefull contemplations at Holderness House.
Object: Firing a salute.
Object: Signals of distress.
Object: Paganiniphopy. A strange propensity of doing with one thing, where two would be better.
Object: March of intellect.
Object: Dutch triumphes interupted.
Object: Studies by Lavater redivivus.
Object: The mysterious closeting.
Object: The game of reform. Ah that's the rub.
Series: Mc.Lean's Monthly Sheet of Caricatures or the Looking Glass. No. 21
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 September 1831
FIRST OF SEPTEMBER. (16764)
Partridge shooting, the birds having human heads. The sportsman (? Seymour) in back view fires at one of three birds in the upper right corner of the design. From his barrel issue smoke and the word 'Satire'; he hits Wellington, who is about to fall, with feathers flying; Goulburn and Peel fly off to left and right. A big game-bag hangs from each shoulder; in these are the winged heads of those slaughtered; Wetherell and Hunt can be identified. Three dogs surround him with collars marked with the names of newspapers: the 'Courier' sniffs to the left; the 'Herald' watches the gun; the 'Times' points to birds on the extreme right, clustering behind standing corn; these are Eldon, Cumberland, Londonderry, and Newcastle, all warily apprehensive. On the branch of a tree (left) are three birds whose tails suggest pheasants (safe till October). They are (left to right) Aberdeen, Ellenborough, and Twiss. A fourth (? Sugden) flies over their heads. Slinking off in the background are two barn-door fowls with the heads of bishops.
THE OPTIMIST. (16890)
Head and shoulders of an elderly man holding a long tobacco-pipe. He grins broadly, pointing to a gap in his even teeth, saying, 'Lost a tooth! nice place for my pipe'.
FRIENDS IN KNEE'D FRIENDS INDEED. (16891)
Three Quakers, all knock-kneed, walk together: a woman takes a man's right arm and holds a little boy's left hand.
PANEFULL CONTEMPLATIONS AT HOLDERNESS HOUSE. (16765)
Londonderry stands with folded arms scowling gloomily at a large window with shattered panes. See No. 16758.
FIRING A SALUTE. (16892)
A man holding a candle embraces a woman carrying a bandbox; with his face inside her huge bonnet, neither notices that the candle has set fire to the bonnet-crown. A companion print is 'Signals of distress'.
SIGNALS OF DISTRESS. (described under 16892)
Companion print to 'Firing a salute'. A miserable old woman taking her flat-irons to a pawnshop.
PAGANINIPHOPY. A STRANGE PROPENSITY OF DOING WITH ONE THING, WHERE TWO WOULD BE BETTER. (16893)
 'Playing with one String'. Paganini plays; a string from his violin is attached to the nose of a seated listener with ass's ears, who registers delight. He looks over his shoulder with an appraising smile at his besotted admirer. (Paganini had astonished the world by his virtuosity in playing on the fourth string alone. During his visit to England in 1831 stories were circulated that he had been immured in a dungeon for twenty years where he had played all day on a broken violin with one string. Cf. No. 17380.)
 'Drumming with one stick'. A drummer wearing a tall bearskin beats a drum with arrogant virtuosity, his left hand behind him.
 'Seeing with one eye'. A dandy and a fashionable lady sit in an opera-box; each wears a ribboned monocle.
 'Going on one Leg'. Scarlett, with a brief-bag on his shoulder, hops rapidly across one of the Inns of Court, a corner of which is depicted, suggesting Old Square, Lincoln's Inn. In the background two other barristers progress in the same way.
 'Wearing but one Coat'. A man in back view, wearing a tattered but once fashionable coat, bows obsequiously, hat in hand, to a man who walks past superciliously staring upwards through a monocle.
 'Finishing with one string'. A man hangs, struggling, by a rope from a cross-beam, having just kicked aside a stool.
MARCH OF INTELLECT. (16894)
See No. 15604, &c.  A dustman, paunchy and knock-kneed, with stick-like legs, looks up at a handsome Italian boy who carries on his head a tray of plaster figures, including a Venus, an Apollo, and a bust of Wellington. He says: 'I think I should like them ere Wenus and A Polly for my Drawing Room'.
 In a bookseller's shop, the proprietor leans across the counter to listen to a butcher's boy who says: 'I'd be happy to do the Fine Arts in your New Mag and would cut them up or give it fat as you desired it'.
 A customer with a book under his arm addresses a fat butcher who stands by his well-covered stall. He says: 'But you must extract the Osseous part'. Butcher: 'We'll make no bones of that Sir!'
 One sweep's boy carrying a sack of soot and holding an open book says to another who holds shovel and brush: 'I say Jem have you read Don Juan'. Answer: 'Oh! lauks no Master won't let me, he says its so Smutty'. Behind is a hovel with a sweep's brush projecting from the roof as a sign of the owner's trade.
 An artist holding palette and brush stands by his canvas on which is a bust portrait of a fat woman in an enormous hat. She sits close to the easel, book in hand, saying, 'But Mister Painter wheres the Mind the Intellect'. He answers: 'On its March Mam, be there next sitting'.
DUTCH TRIUMPHES INTERUPTED. (16766)
A battle scene. The Dutch staff, much burlesqued, stand on a small plateau in the right foreground, grotesquely dressed in bulky breeches trimmed with large buttons or blobs simulating oranges. Below them in the middle distance Dutch artillery put to flight Belgians who flee in confusion, carrying a flag, 'The Brave Belgiuns' [sic]. But a distant hill (left), flanked by fortresses, is outlined by tiny French infantry. Their commander says: 'March my brave French to the help of our Brother of Belgium and if he donit [sic] want your help why help yourselves to some of his Fortresses'. A Dutch staff officer supported on the shoulders of another looks through a telescope resting on the hat of a third. The pugnacious-looking general with drawn sword asks 'Are those Troops yonder Frenchmen'. The officer with the telescope answers 'Ajaw Mhyneer'. The general: 'Donner and Blitzen then we must to the right-about. They have an Orange Boven flag' (cf. No. 12102, &c).
After the title: 'Never go Dressed to a Masquerade in an Hackney Coach without looking to the Lynch Pins'. Street scene. The coach lies on its side, a detached wheel in the foreground. Two passengers have already climbed out: a dandy faints behind a vast grinning and carbuncled mask with attached drapery. An old woman supports him, offering a glass of gin, a man behind holding the gin-measure. A man in complete armour, with broken feathers on his helmet, supports himself against the coach. A lady dressed as Diana is being helped from the coach-window by a dustman, while a policeman drags a fat masked harlequin up through the window. Spectators crowd round.
STUDIES BY LAVATER REDIVIVUS. (16896)
 'Law'. A barrister in profile to the left scowls fiercely through spectacles, forefinger raised. He says: 'Now on your Oath was it a Flannel Petticoat or a Dimity'.
 'Physic'. An elderly spectacled doctor, with gloomy seriousness, leans sideways holding an elegant feminine wrist. He says: 'Put out your Tongue. Let me feel your Pulse'.
 'Divinity'. A bloated parson, in surplice and bands, leans against a table on which is a steaming sucking-pig (left). He is directed to the right, but his eye is turned towards the pig. He says: 'The labourer is worthy of his hire'. After the title: 'the worst feature in this face is the obliquity of the eyes'. For tithes see No. 16809, &c.
 'Arts'. A sharp-featured hairdresser, with a comb stuck in his curls, holding a pair of curling-tongs, says with a languid gesture: 'Oh Sir never submit your hair to a barber come to an Artist like myself'.
 'Arms'. A French officer with a patch over one eye, other patches on his face, and an empty sleeve, says fiercely: 'Sare me ave lef me legs in de Breeches'. He wears a plumed cocked hat and the cross of the Legion of Honour, under his arm is a sword.
 'Commerce'. An aged and bearded Jew, wearing two hats and holding a sack on his shoulder, displays a coin in the palm of his hand, saying, with a fixed and wary frown, 'For de Coat de Vaistcoat de shoes and de two Hats I vill give you one Shilling'.
THE MYSTERIOUS CLOSETING. (16767)
Grey and Wellington sit on upright chairs in close conference; the Duke with raised forefinger speaks, Grey listens intently. They are flanked by partly open doors behind which eavesdroppers crouch. Two of Grey's supporters (left), their heads concealed, say 'How Strange! How Myterious [sic]!' On the right are Cumberland, who says 'Id give my Wiskers to know what its about', Eldon, and Twiss.
THE GAME OF REFORM. AH, THAT'S THE RUB. (16768)
John Bull (left) plays at cards with (presumably) Lord Chandos; they sit at a round table, both hold four cards. Chandos has put down a card 'Tenants at will', saying, 'There Mr Bull that's the Card'. J. B., who wears top-boots answers, 'Then I shall trump it my Lord'; he plays a card marked 'Ballot'. His dog, the collar inscribed 'Bull', crouches alertly. Wetherell looks over Chandos's shoulder, saying, 'That's a trick at any hour'.
- Production date
Height: 416 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 290 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Notes to No. 16766:
A broadly correct rendering of the situation, see No. 16742, &c. The Dutch made a surprise attack on Belgium on 2 Aug., under the Hereditary Prince of Orange, and in ten days had routed the Belgians. French troops (called in by Leopold) under Marshal Gérard prevented the Dutch from reaching Brussels; hostilities were suspended, and the Dutch withdrew. The French were unwilling to withdraw till they had secured the destruction of border fortresses. Camb. Hist, of British Foreign Policy, ii. 143-5; H. L. Bulwer, Life of Palmerston, 1870, ii. 95 ff.; Corr. of Princess Lieven and Earl Grey, ii. 265. See also Nos. 16762, 16767, 16792, 17294, 17295, 17322. Cf. No. 17126.
Notes to No. 16768:
On 18 Aug. the Chandos clause, extending the vote to tenants at will paying not less than £50 rent, in order to strengthen the landed interest, was carried against the Ministry. The answer to this should be, Hunt suggested, the ballot (see No. 16557, &c.), to counteract the landlord's influence. Parl. Deb., 3rd s. vi. 272 ff.
Notes to No. 16894:
[part 3] A pencil drawing, reversed, in V. & A. (91 A.G. 9, p. 50): inscriptions: 'What would you consider a fair remuneration for this beef after subtracting the osseous parts.' Butcher: 'I don't exactly undercumstumble you Mr but dare say we shall make no bones of it.'
[part 4] A pencil drawing in V. & A. as above (p. 52), inscriptions as engraved.
[part 5] A pencil drawing in V. & A. as above (p. 94): the woman is standing instead of sitting. Inscriptions much the same: 'But Mr Artis . . .'.
Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. II") containing nos. 13-24 for 1831. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
Associated with: Richard Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Associated with: John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon
Associated with: Edward Law, 1st Earl of Ellenborough
Associated with: Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover
Associated with: Henry Goulburn
Associated with: Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
Associated with: Johann Caspar Lavater
Associated with: Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (as Charles William Stewart)
Associated with: Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle
Associated with: Niccolò Paganini
Associated with: Sir Robert Peel
Associated with: James Scarlett, 1st Baron Abinger
Associated with: Robert Seymour
Associated with: Edward Burtenshaw Sugden, 1st Baron St Leonards
Associated with: Horace Twiss
Associated with: Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Associated with: Sir Charles Wetherell
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number