- Museum number
Object: An underbread fellow.
Object: They love darkness rather than light because their deeds are evil
Object: The man wot eats his words.
Object: Duel à morbus, an Irish epidemic.
Object: Cacoathes [sic] loquendi the blacking bottle & the yard stick.
Object: None but the brave deserve the fare.
Object: The pursuits of literature unbound but hot press'd.
Object: A debate on order.
Object: A distinction without a difference.
Object: A few distinctions between reform & revolution.
Object: The ladies bazaar.
Series: Mc.Lean's Monthly Sheet of Caricatures or the Looking Glass. No. 19.
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 July 1831
AN UNDERBREAD FELLOW. (16878)
An ugly and ragged baker's man, bending under a basket of loaves carried on his shoulder, walks past a young woman with a flaunting hat and balloon sleeves, striking her face with his basket. She screams.
THEY LOVE DARKNESS RATHER THAN LIGHT BECAUSE THEIR DEEDS ARE EVIL (16720)
The Lord Mayor (three-quarter length), in his gown, stands on a ladder leading to a street lamp projecting from a shop-front: 'Weather-all Dealer in Boro's'. Wetherell climbs back into a first-floor window, having just blown out the lamp, leaving a smoking wick. The Mayor holds a lamp-lighter's oil-torch (used also by incendiaries) against him, saying, 'I'll teach you to blow at my Lamps'. Wetherell says: 'The Political Lamp Lighter'. (In the debate on the Address, 21 June, Wetherell complained of the illuminations (see No. 16669) as unsuitable for times of excitement, and said the Lord Mayor (Key) 'might be called a kind of political lamplighter'. Parl. Deb., 3rd s. iv. 231 f. See No. 16646.)
THE MAN WOT EATS HIS WORDS. (16721)
Lord Winchilsea stands in profile to the right, eating a large sheet of paper inscribed 'Petition for Reform by the people of Kent approved by me Wind'.
DUEL À MORBUS, AN IRISH EPIDEMIC. (16879)
An officer in uniform sits at a table, a pen in his mouth, grimly sealing letters. Behind his chair stands a dandified man, holding up a cocked pistol in each hand at arm's length; he swaggers fiercely, bending over his friend to say: 'Blood & ounce if we dont get a pretty fight out of these twelve letters we'll horse-wip some body'. Behind (right) is an open sash-window; outside it a duel is in progress. (The title derives from the cholera morbus which had ravaged Poland and was spreading terror in England. See No. 16922.)
CACOATHES LOQUENDI THE BLACKING BOTTLE & THE YARD STICK. (16722)
Waithman (the Radical City draper, see vols, viii-x), in his Alderman's gown, holding a yard-stick, stands in the House of Commons looking angrily at Hunt who with a grin levels at his face a stream of blacking from one of his jars (cf. No. 16575). Waithman: 'Seventy I's in twelve minutes have you used vile egotist'. Hunt: 'I have seen all your auditors asleep in less time'. One sleeping member sits behind Waithman (left), a grinning one (right) peeps at Hunt.
NONE BUT THE BRAVE DESERVE THE FARE. (16880)
An alarmed old hackney coachman in a ragged great-coat with capes, holds out his hand for payment to a tall truculent and dandified man who responds with clenched fists. Behind (right) is the coach.
THE PURSUITS OF LITERATURE UNBOUND BUT HOT PRESS'D. (16881)
Above the design: 'This day is published'. Scene in a garret. A bailiff or creditor, followed by another man, enters the room, holding out a writ. The poor ragged author, pen in mouth, steps from the table through the casement window, having overturned a broken chair and a bowl of ink. Piles of (?) MS. lie on floor and table. (A stock theme; the title is from the verse-satire of T. J. Mathias; it was similarly used by Cruikshank in No. 12139, &c.)
A DEBATE ON ORDER. (16723)
Brougham stands in the Lords, the Woolsack behind him, reading the King's Speech. Many Opposition peers on his left shout 'Order'. On his right sits the gouty Lord Holland holding a stick, saying, 'Read—go on'. A peer on Holland's right looks into his hat repeating 'Go on'. Among the Opposition peers are Eldon, Cumberland, and Wellington. On the front bench, Londonderry rises pugnaciously; Ellenborough, seated next him, also rises. (On the reading of the King's Speech an angry discussion arose on points of order, see No. 16717, in which Londonderry and Ellenborough took part.)
A DISTINCTION WITHOUT A DIFFERENCE. (16724)
Lord Grey bends politely towards the Duke of Cumberland, who stands angrily erect saying 'How dare you say that I am against the liberties of the People'. Grey, with an ironical smile, answers: 'No most illustrious, I only said no liberal measure ever met your approbation'. (A paraphrase of an interchange on 21 June, see Parl. Deb., 3rd s. iv. 123 f.)
A FEW DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN REFORM & REVOLUTION. (16725)
Designs arranged in pairs in two columns.
 'Reform & Trade'. A stout spectacled citizen stands on a quay addressing men who are unloading a vessel. The port is crowded with shipping. He says: 'Bustle Bustle Boys now's the time for a fair Trader no fear of being ruined by some monopolizing favorite behind the Curtain'. An attack on the East India Company's monopoly, see Nos. 11999, 15370.
 'Revolution & Trade'. A master-manufacturer (right), lean and anguished, faces starving work-people, men, women, and children, whose dismayed spokesman wears a cap of Liberty. He says: 'I can employ you no longer all my money's gone & nobody will speculate in such unquiet times'.
 'Reform & the Funds'. A lame man with a duck's head, using a crutch hobbles off, saying, 'Oh that I should have speculated on the Tory vapouring here—instead of funds being down, they're all up & I am oblige [sic] to waddle'. Behind, in the Stock Exchange, are other speculators, one with a bear's head is intent on a newspaper, others have bull's heads. A very obese man grins after the defaulter, saying, 'there goes a lame Duck'. (Cf. No. 6273, 'A Waddleing Procession from the Stock Exchange . . .')
 'Revolution & the Funds'. A man reading the 'Times', who has a tricolour cockade on his top-hat, says to a startled man and his over-dressed wife (right) 'Going to receive your dividend oh stay where you are the provisional government have wiped it all off with a wet sponge'.
 'Reform & the Church'. John Bull addresses a pompous bishop who marches off in profile to the right, carrying a basket heaped with loaves, and a bunch of large fish tied to a crosier. He points to a crowd of starving parsons, saying, 'Stop Friend don't march off with all the good things Spare some for your working bretheren'. A traditional theme, see No. 6153, &c, and a burning issue in relation to the Church's attitude to Reform.
 'Revolution & the Church'. A tipsy goddess of Reason, with a cap of Liberty on a staff, and holding bottle and glass, stands on a three-stepped dais or altar, flanked by tall candles. A priest (left) kneels in adoration; on his robe are the names 'Mirabeau, Palmer [see No. 14406], Pain [sic]'. He says: 'Oh most bright & glorious Goddess of Reason who leadest us into the divine mysteries of Liberty & equality, (you've drank so much and be d—d to you that instead of being inspired every one can see you are drunk)' (the last words in small script as an aside to the Goddess). On the right a man violently swings a censer, exclaiming, 'Here's a glorious Religion supercede the Christian superstitions'. The Devil with a pitchfork peeps out from behind Reason; at her feet is an open book, Paine's 'Age of Reason'. An echo of the Fête de la Raison in Notre Dame, 10 Nov. 1793, see No. 8350.
 'Reform & the State'. Britannia, seated beside her watchful Lion, displays an oval bust portrait of William IV to four figures representing the Quarters of the Globe who bow or kneel respectfully. She says: 'Behold One who learnt the lesson that Kings reign but for the good of their people, He reigns in the Hearts of his subject' [sic]. Behind her is a flag inscribed 'Order'. Cf. No. 16607, &c.
 'Revolution & the State'. Two ferocious ruffians wearing caps of Liberty are about to dispatch a well-dressed man who kneels to plead for life. One drags him towards a gibbet where two bodies hang, saying, 'Don't tell me of Law & Legislation I am your Legislature'. The other, about to use a bloodstained knife, says: 'So you are Ned and I'm his executive'. In the middle distance (right) a crowd is indicated, with two heads upon pikes. In the background (left) are blazing buildings, dominated by St. Paul's. Cf. Nos. 14359-60.
A ship lies at anchor against a stone jetty, the 'Orangeman of Galw[ay]', her stern being on the extreme right. She is placarded 'for London direct with live & dead stock'. Ragged Irish peasants carry sacks of 'Potatoes' up a slanting plank. At the foot of the jetty in the foreground are famished creatures pleading and threatening, agonized at the sight of the export of food; a woman holds out a starving infant. They cry 'It's starving we are'. A little boy swarms up a cable holding out his hat to beg from those on board. Two Highland soldiers keep them at bayonet's length; others are drawn up behind the jetty. On deck are
cattle and sacks, and a stout drover who shakes his cudgel and fist at the starving people, saying, 'Stand off ye spalpeens can't we get 50 pr Cent more at other Markets for the prates, off ye unreasonable brutes dy ye expect his Lorship in London to give up his Champane & Burgandy to plase ye'. A pug-faced servant in livery looks complacently from a window in the stern, smoking a pipe. In the background, on a cliff (left), a file of soldiers fire at a group of peasants. Above them hovers a giant draped figure with skeleton-hands supporting drapery inscribed 'Pestilence' and 'Famine'.
THE LADIES BAZAAR. (16882)
Ladies stand behind a long L-shaped counter selling trinkets, &c. One in back view holds up a doll dressed in a caricature of her own dress, with wasp-waist, high loops of hair, and balloon sleeves. She displays it to a fashionable monocled officer with a busby under his arm who rests his fingers on the counter, saying, 'Positively I did not think your Ladyship could have been so satirical'. A bald and obese elderly man, looking through spectacles, asks: 'any thing in my way miss'. The lady demurely holds out a model of a paunchy man whose top-hat is bristling with (?) pins. For this fashionable bazaar, visited by the Queen, see Creevey's Life and Times, ed. Gore, 1934, p. 346.
- Production date
Height: 416 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 290 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Notes to No. 16721:
Winchilsea, an ultra-Tory, see No. 15696, on 28 Mar., presented a petition for Reform from the county of Kent, expressing his 'cordial concurrence'. Parl. Deb., 3rd s. iii. 480-2. On 21 June he declared his intention of withdrawing his support from the Government, see No. 16721. For the title cf. No. 15731; for word-eating, No. 16685.
Notes to No. 16722:
On 23 June Waithman complained of Hunt's 'cacoethes loquendi malady . . . he heard the hon. Member make use of not less than seventy-five "I",— "I's" . ..' Hunt retorted: 'He would back ten minutes of the hon. Alderman's eloquence at any time as a specific where the strongest opium had failed.' Parl. Deb., 3rd s. iv. 279.
Notes to No. 16726:
On 23 June Lord Stourton spoke of 'extreme and appalling distress in Ireland, and the imminent hazard ... of perishing under the joint and fearful vicissitudes of famine and pestilence [cholera]'. Parl. Deb., 3rd s. iv. 265 f. See No. 16126, &c.; for the absentee landlord, No. 16206, &c.
Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. II") containing nos. 13-24 for 1831. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: Henry Peter, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Associated with: John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon
Associated with: Edward Law, 1st Earl of Ellenborough
Associated with: Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover
Associated with: Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
Associated with: Henry Richard Fox Vassall, 3rd Baron Holland
Associated with: Henry "Orator" Hunt
Associated with: Sir John Key
Associated with: Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (as Charles William Stewart)
Associated with: Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau
Associated with: Thomas Paine
Associated with: Elihu Palmer
Associated with: Robert Waithman
Associated with: Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Associated with: Sir Charles Wetherell
Associated with: William IV, King of the United Kingdom
Associated with: George William Finch-Hatton, 10th Earl of Winchilsea
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number