- Museum number
Object: Tableau to commemorate the glorious 22nd of April, 1831.
Object: Rat catching.
Object: The "Times," as they are, is my shield.
Object: Marshall Diebitsch Zabalkanski.
Object: Between two stools a man comes to the ground.
Object: Travelling incog,
Object: A bad trade
Object: Improvements. (See The Strand.)
Object: The mourner.
Object: The great gun and the boroughmongers.
Object: Oh! what a shocking bad hat.
Object: Oh! what a very nice hat.
Object: The Charles St. Gang.
Object: From town to country, or the day after a dissolution.
Series: Mc.Lean's Monthly Sheet of Caricatures or the Looking Glass. No. 17.
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 May 1831
TABLEAU TO COMMEMORATE THE GLORIOUS 22ND OF APRIL, 1831. (16652)
A triumphal car advances towards the picture-plane, drawn by a lion garlanded with roses, thistles, and shamrock, the reins held by an infant seated on the beast's shoulders. On the car stands William IV in royal robes and holding a sceptre, flanked by Brougham on his right, and Grey on his left, both in robes, the latter holding a sword. Behind the former stands Durham; behind the latter, Holland. On the right are Lansdowne and Lord J. Russell, who holds his Bill. Peace holds a laurel wreath over the King's head. Fame (left), blowing two trumpets, flies above a 'reform' banner. The Royal Standard and the Union Jack form a background to the men on the car, which is decorated with men-o-war in full sail, faintly sketched.
At the base of the design one child (left) swings a censer, another plays a harp. Three women in classical draperies, wreathed respectively with roses, thistles and shamrock, scatter flowers. Two men chained to the wheels strain at their bonds in frantic despair: Discord (? Hunt) holds an (extinct) firebrand and writhing serpents; Corruption (clearly Wetherell) is on the right. Below the title: 'England Scotland and Ireland rejoice in the presence of their Patriot King, who crowned by Peace with the Wreath of Victory stands surrounded by his Ministers in a Triumphal Car, the British Lion Guided by the single-Heartedness of Childhood draws forward the whole Cortege [sic] Whilst Discord & Currup-tion [sic] are dragged at its Chariot Wheels,'. (A tribute to William IV for the dissolution of Parliament, see No. 16641, &c.)
RAT CATCHING. (16653)
From a rat-hole on the extreme left, inscribed 'Reform', three rats with human heads have emerged to nibble fragments of food. They are (left to right) Scarlett, in a barrister's wig, Hunt, and Sir Robert Wilson (M.P. for Southwark). Three heads look through a rectangular aperture on the extreme right: the Duke of Newcastle, his finger to his nose, turns to Cumberland, saying, 'Hush, here's the Old Southwark Rat'. Partly hidden (right) is Eldon.
THE "TIMES," AS THEY ARE, IS MY SHIELD. (16654)
Brougham, birch-rod in hand (cf. No. 15535), stands before the Woolsack with a huge oval shield resting against him. On this is a Medusa head with writhing serpents for hair, and the inscriptions 'Eloquence Argument'. Peeping slyly from behind the shield (right) is Barnes, seated, and holding a copy of the 'Times', his finger pointing to a passage in it. Above: 'What! would you be Judges, Juries & Accusers in one'.
MARSHALL DIEBITSCH ZABALKANSKI. (16655)
Diebitsch, fleeing from three spears which project from the left margin, strides through water, his thin legs in huge cavalry boots. He is much caricatured, with a big head, carbuncled nose, and huge cocked hat; in his right hand is a sheathed sabre, in the left a long oriental pipe just removed from his mouth. Two imploring hands and the muzzle of a cannon project from the water. He exclaims: 'Oh! this is not the Balkan, I can't get one Leg up to the other Oh St Nic [cf. No. 16546] I shall lose my Boots'.
BETWEEN TWO STOOLS A MAN COMES TO THE GROUND. (16656)
Hunt lands heavily on the floor between two round stools; one (left), inscribed 'Opposition', its surface covered by a grinning face, has fallen; the other 'Ministerial', with a melancholy face, is tilting. A huge bottle of 'Matchless Eloquence' flies from his hand, and splashes his face with blacking (see No 16575). (See No. 16636, &c. For the two stools see No. 15765; HB so depicted Hobhouse (18 May 1833), and Peel (27 Apr. 1846).)
TRAVELLING INCOG, (16657)
After the title: 'Court Circular from the Pandemonium Post. "His Satanic Majesty and his Illustrious namesake, the Emperor of all the Rus—'s, paid an invisible visit to the Kingdom of Poland'. A dying Polish officer leans against a dead horse (left), the body of another soldier lies beneath him. He looks upwards and waves his handkerchief. On the right stand, among clouds, Nicholas I and the Devil ('Old Nick'). The Devil, naked and with feathered wings, encircles the Tsar with his barbed tail and points with a satanic smile to the Pole: 'See most mighty Emperor—this dying Rebel—He hears the Song of Freedom sung by his Comrades in yonder distant Valley.—Hark! tis the Dombroaskie borne on the Night Winds.—The poor Soul faintly joins it.—See he smiles and waves his bloodless hand:—faugh tis a sad fool—-Let Kings and Emperors smile'. The Tsar stares at the dying man with a tense frown. A vast shadowy plain forms a background. Cf. No. 16546.
A BAD TRADE (16658)
A costermonger astride a donkey cries 'Ayal Boroughs to sell, cheap cheap'. The ass's head in the foreground separates two panniers filled with rolled documents; three are 'Boro'bridge' [see No. 16602], 'Sarum', and 'Gatton'. See No. 16610, &c.
IMPROVEMENTS. (SEE THE STRAND.) (16659)
The famous lead lion (now on Syon House) on the Strand front of Northumberland House holds in its mouth a placard: 'You are commanded to Petition against Reform and Vote as His Grace's Commissioners shall instruct'. It wears a fool's cap outlined with bells and inscribed 'Z' [? Zany]. A bird on the beast's tail says to another bird flying downwards: 'Chip, Chip, what's the meaning of these things about our old friend'. Answer: 'Oh! the Paper is His Grace's & the Cap is awarded him by the Public'. The base of the design is the lion's pedestal, with the letters 'NORTHVM . . .' (The Duke of Northumberland was reputed to have subscribed £100,000 for the election expenses (Morning Chron., 27 Apr., quoted by F. Place, Add. MS. 27789, f. 394), but there seems no foundation for the allegation on the placard. See No. 16664, &c.)
THE MOURNER. (16660)
Lord Eldon reclines on a grave weeping, beside a head-stone inscribed 'Here lies the Family of the Rottenboroughs both Big & Little'. Cf. No. 16675.
THE GREAT GUN AND THE BOROUGHMONGERS. (16661)
A cannon inscribed 'Dissolution' fires at close range into a group with a banner inscribed 'No Reform'. They fall backwards, one head has been knocked off; the foremost and centre figure is Peel. Brougham in wig and gown aims the gun, William IV puts a match to the touch-hole, Grey stands by with a sponge. See No. 16641, &c.
OH! WHAT A SHOCKING BAD HAT. (16662)
Three men, bowing, offer to Prince Leopold (right) the crown of 'Belgium' on a cushion. He sits on an upright chair, looking to the left, his hands raised in a gesture of negation, saying, 'No, no, it won't Sit easy'.
OH! WHAT A VERY NICE HAT. (16873)
After the title: 'Foot it neatly [featly] here & there"' ['Tempest', 1. ii]. A companion pl. to No. 16662. Maria Foote, now Lady Harrington, wearing a coronet, looks over her right shoulder at her reflection in a draped cheval-glass. Lord Harrington sits beside her, smoke issuing from his mouth and from a cigar in his left hand. He registers delighted admiration, but wears his hat and smokes in his wife's dressing-room. He is the heavily moustached foreign-looking dandy wearing the 'Petersham' hat of earlier caricatures. See No. 16847, &c.
Hunt, driving a high gig with a footman beside him, is assailed by the mob with dead rats, mud, &c. They shout 'Hiss' (often repeated). Two well-dressed men in the foreground say to a man who stoops for a stone: 'What! is this the way you serve your own Man, The Man of the People'. He answers with a grin (quoting the Duke of Newcastle, see No. 15884, &c): 'Mayn't we do what we like with our own'. (See No. 16636, &c. For the title cf. Nos. 12864, 13500.)
THE CHARLES ST. GANG. (16664)
Wealthy Tories stand round a huge wide-mouthed sack inscribed 'Fund for the purchase for [sic] the Swineish Multitude', which they fill with coins; Peel (left) and the Duke of Northumberland (right), emptying money-bags. Behind Peel the Duke of Cumberland holds up a bundle of cheques and hides his face with his top-hat. Next is the Duke of Newcastle. Bishops are among the uncharacterized crowd who proffer cheques or bags.
FROM TOWN TO COUNTRY, OR THE DAY AFTER A DISSOLUTION. (16665)
An open landscape with St. Paul's and the roofs of London on the extreme left is crossed by roads on which are post-chaises, all drawn by four galloping horses with two postilions. In the foreground a chaise has upset an apple-woman and a boy, and drives over pigs. A fat man leans from the window, shouting, 'Twenty Pounds for a Split Vote, Forty for a Plumper!!' His carriage flies two flags: 'An Ox to be Roasted every day' and 'An Hogshead of Ale every day'; it is placarded: 'Hey for Rotten-town and Pay 'eem Well for ever'. John Bull watches from the extreme left, saying, 'See you dom'd first'. In the background the figures are on a tiny scale; a cathedral town is sketched on the extreme right. From London issue the words 'Ah! there they go to bribe my Country Cousins'; from the small town: 'Never fear Coz they may come for Wool and go Back Shorn'. (Tory successes in the elections were chiefly in close boroughs, and some of these gave trouble to their patrons. J. R. M. Butler, The Passing of the Great Reform Bill, 1914, pp. 222 f.)
- Production date
Height: 416 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 290 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Notes to No. 16653:
The rats respond to overtures from the ultra-Tories. Scarlett, who had been returned for Lord Milton's borough of Malton, spoke and voted against the Reform Bill, after which he left the Whig party. Memoir of Lord Abinger, 1877, pp. 145 ff. Wilson (see No. 14253, &c.) regarded the Bill as initiating 'a republican form of government' and refused to vote for it, losing his seat, the colonelcy of a regiment, and all chance of employment. D.N.B. See Hobhouse, Recollections of a Long Life, iv. 102. For Hunt see No. 16636, &c.
Notes to No. 16654:
A series of attacks on Grey (for nepotism, &c.) appeared in The Times, Feb.-May 1831, where at the same time Brougham was extolled. They were believed to be written or inspired by Brougham, a friend of Barnes the editor. Creevey Papers, 1903, ii. 219 f. (27 Feb. 1831); Hist, of the Times, 1935, pp. 276-8. See No. 16837, &c.
Notes to No. 16655:
The Poles had had some temporary success against the Russians, and the whereabouts of Diebitsch was unknown in London. Corr. of Princess Lieven and Earl Grey, 1890, ii. 209, 212 (April). He died in camp of cholera on 11 June. In 1829 he was given the additional surname of Zabalkanski (beyond the Balkan Mountains) for his success in the Turkish War. Nouv. Biog. gén. See No. 16543, &c.
Notes to No. 16662:
Delegates from Brussels arrived in London on 20 Apr. to open negotiations with Leopold, but these were difficult, since the Belgian Congress demanded territorial concessions unacceptable to the Powers and to Leopold. He was elected on 4 June, but accepted only on condition that the protocol of the Conference of London (the Eighteen Articles) was accepted in Brussels. He was inaugurated on 21 July. Camb. Hist, of Br. Foreign Policy, ii. 138-42. For the title see No. 16646. No. 16873 is a companion print.
Notes to No. 16664:
Both sides raised heavy subscriptions to fight the election; see Hobhouse, Recollections of a Long Life, iv. 109. The Tories' fund was violently denounced. Charles Street was the Tory headquarters, established under the auspices of Hemes; it was superseded in 1832 by the Carlton Club. E. Hemes, Memoir of J. C. Herries, 1880, ii. 119; Croker Papers, 1884, ii. 153; cf. No. 17048. For Burke's unlucky phrase see No. 8500. See also Nos. 16659, 16676, 16677, 16680, 16925, 16971, 17107.
Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. II") containing nos. 13-24 for 1831. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: Henry Peter, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Associated with: Count Hans Karl Friedrich Anton Diebitsch-Zabalkanski
Associated with: John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham
Associated with: John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon
Associated with: Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover
Associated with: Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
Associated with: Charles Stanhope, 4th Earl of Harrington
Associated with: Maria, Countess of Harrington
Associated with: Henry Richard Fox Vassall, 3rd Baron Holland
Associated with: Henry "Orator" Hunt
Associated with: Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne
Associated with: Leopold I, King of the Belgians
Associated with: Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle
Associated with: Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia
Associated with: Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland
Associated with: Sir Robert Peel
Associated with: Lord John Russell (later John Russell, 1st Earl Russell of Kingston Russell)
Associated with: James Scarlett, 1st Baron Abinger
Associated with: Sir Charles Wetherell
Associated with: William IV, King of the United Kingdom
Associated with: Sir Robert Thomas Wilson
- Acquisition date
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