- Museum number
Object: An introduction.
Object: Christmas day after dinner
Object: A Christmas box.
Object: The Austrian amongst thorns.
Object: An attorney ge-l grilling old grill.
Object: John Bull and his Grey,
Object: An hieroglyphic for 1830.
Object: Preston to wit: a scene at St. Stephens.
Object: The x jack-Daw-n
Object: Spain & Portugal,
Object: A poetical annual.
Object: Steam engine dragoon recommended to to [sic] the Holy Alliance.
Object: A cutting tailor.
Object: A remembrancer.
Object: The great bear Constantine dislodged from his pole.
Object: Hard working.
Object: A musical annual.
Object: Doings in Dublin!!!
Object: The two Nicks going to Warsaw.
Series: Mc.Lean's Monthly Sheet of Caricatures or the Looking Glass. No. 13.
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 January 1831
AN INTRODUCTION. (16533)
Below the title: 'An Honourable member wish'd an address to his Majesty praying the appointment of a General Fast'. A bland M.P. bows amiably, his left hand under that of a distressed artisan, the right hand extended towards a general, smart, smiling, and bowing, but grotesquely emaciated. The latter points behind him to a skeleton (left), wearing a cocked hat and holding a cane to its jaw; it holds a large paper: 'The Best of Fish for the Rich'; and has a placard: 'A Form Of Prayer For The Poor'. The introducer: 'General Fast, Mr Hard-work, Mr Hardwork General Fast'. Fast: 'Spare your introduction my dear Sir, we are Old acquaintances'. Hardwork, who is in his shirt-sleeves, turns aside in deep dejection to say: 'Yes indeed! I wish it had been General Feast'. A little boy, starving and ragged, tugs at his father's sleeve.
CHRISTMAS DAY AFTER DINNER (16857)
A fat John Bull, with unbuttoned waistcoat, sits in an arm-chair by the fire, dessert and decanter at his elbow. With closed eyes he says: 'Excellent pudding—prime beef—glorious fat Goose (Snores.—)'.
A CHRISTMAS BOX. (16534)
Grey holds out a mitre and an episcopal wig to a surpliced parson (right), who registers surprise; he says: 'Here's something for you Brother'.
THE AUSTRIAN AMONGST THORNS. (16535)
Francis I, in crown and robes, sits upon huge spikes or thorns, and is menaced by others. He exclaims: 'Alack & Alas! who'd be an Emperor'. The thorns are 'News from London; News from Naples; News from Greece; News from Warsaw; Home affaires; News from Turin; News from Brussels; News from Paris'.
AN ATTORNEY GE-L GRILLING OLD GRILL. (16536)
Denman (left), in wig and gown, uses a three-pronged fork to hold Cobbett on a huge gridiron, under which is a fire of blazing 'Political Registers', indicated by a gridiron on the papers. Cobbett, angry and tortured, holds up a copy of his paper, kicking wildly.
JOHN BULL AND HIS GREY, (16537)
John, a farmer in top-boots, sits on a horse with Grey's profile inset in its head. The animal jibs at a fork in the road (right) beside which is a signpost: 'To Reform'. J. B.: 'I could never get a Horse up this road to the right, but I've some hopes, of this—dang it master Grey no shying'. (For misgivings (before 1 Mar.) as to Grey's intentions cf. No. 16544.)
AN HIEROGLYPHIC FOR 1830. (16538)
Wellington, as Mars, in Roman armour, sits on a cloud, elbows on knees, supporting his head on his hands, his wrists being tied. On his helmet is a dragon with a barbed tail and vulturine head, spitting fire (as in No. 9376); a broken spear and shield lie beside him. He looks disconsolately down towards a tottering castle flying the flag of 'Despotism' in the lower left corner of the design. On the battlements are five terrified sovereigns, some kneeling, who cry to him for aid: 'Help Mighty Mars—Oh! Help'. Wellington: 'Jove & the Fates have broke Sword, Spear & Shield, I would but, cant attend you to the field'. In the upper right corner are the Fates: Grey holding up the spindle, Brougham with the shears, and (?) Holland holding the thread. Jove, not depicted, is presumably the King, as in No. 10240.
PRESTON TO WIT: A SCENE AT ST. STEPHENS. (16539)
A short length of one of the benches in the Commons: Hunt sits aggressively arms akimbo, legs apart. His body and head are one of his blacking jars lettered '[H]unts \ [Mat]chless \ [Bl]acking \ 52'; a large (white) top-hat rests on the neck of the jar. He says: 'There is many here dont admit of Blacking— but oh I'll polish some of you'. All within range are shocked or alarmed. His two neighbours draw aside, leaving him isolated. Three others watch from behind.
THE X JACK-DAW-N (16540)
A perky jackdaw with wide-open beak says: 'If we did not make so much retrenchment we intended to do it did'nt we Croker'. (George Dawson, Peel's brother-in-law, speaks, as ex-Treasury Secretary, to Croker, late Secretary of the Admiralty. Since the appointment of Grey's Ministry he had spoken several times on Irish appointments as inconsistent with their pledges to retrenchment. Cf. No. 16970, &c.)
SPAIN & PORTUGAL, (16541)
A ragged barelegged woman, with bandaged eyes, symbolizing Spain, carries on her shoulders a fat friar ridden by an ape with a crowned human head representing Ferdinand VII. The ape prods the woman with a trident. A similar trio (right) advance to meet them; the approaching friar shouts 'Benedicet Brother sit fast and keep her eyes covered'. (The government of the reactionary Portuguese autocrat Miguel gives advice to the similar government in Spain. Cf. No. 16274.)
A POETICAL ANNUAL. (16860)
A carbuncled parish beadle or bellman (town-crier), in gold-laced hat and coat, his bell slung from his arm, stands at a (London) doorstep, tilting his big hat and holding out a four-columned sheet headed 'The Belmans Copy of Verses 1831'.
STEAM ENGINE DRAGOON RECOMMENDED TO TO THE HOLY ALLIANCE. (16542)
A spherical steam-engine on wheels supports two pistons on which rest the extended arms of the mechanical dragoon, whose helmeted head is the apex of the machine; steam issues from its wide, ferocious mouth. It holds a sword in each hand; scythe-blades extend from the hubs of the two front wheels. Similar dragoons are indicated in the background with a flag inscribed 'Massacrées [sic] performed no questions asked'. Cf. No. 16535.
A CUTTING TAILOR. (16858)
A dwarfish and slovenly tailor, in shirt-sleeves, stands with his back to his shop-door, above which is 'Sharpshears Tailor'. In a small shop-window (left) is a high-shouldered tight-waisted coat on a coat-stand, and against the window-pane is a paper headed 'Sir P Scamp To T Sharpshe . . .', above the items of a long bill. A vulgar-looking dandified Irishman towers above the tailor with clenched fists, saying, 'How dare you expose my bill in your window? you thief o' the world'. The tailor answers, with dropped eyelids: 'Vy I dont like La [sic] so that's the way I does my own debts rekivering'.
A REMEMBRANCER. (16859)
A man in night-shirt and night-cap leans from a first-floor window in driving rain to say to an aged (Irish) watchman who is thumping the knocker of his door: 'I say you Watchman it can't be four o'clock yet'. The watchman, whose head, shoulders, and lantern are the base of the design, answers: 'Oh botheration no, I only knock'd to say you may sleep an nour an a narf more'. (The title is a legal pun, cf. No. 14591.)
THE GREAT BEAR CONSTATINE DISLODGED FROM HIS POLE. (16543)
A polar bear climbs a pole from the top of which stream flames of 'Liberty'. It says: 'I'm off that fire's not good for bears grease'.
HARD WORKING. (16544)
Brougham (left) and Grey, half-length figures, face each other in profile, their chests close together, one serious, the other smiling. The Chancellor: 'Truly we have much to do'. Grey: 'Ha ha! so we have, so we have, now let's have two months Holidays'. (On 23 Dec. Parliament was adjourned to 3 Feb. An illustration of the popular and fallacious belief that Reform and reforms depended not on Grey but on Brougham. Cf. Nos. 16373, &c., 16537, 16556 &c.)
A MUSICAL ANNUAL. (cf. 16860)
A companion print to 'A poetical annual'. A ragged ballad-hawker cries 'Rest you merry Gentlemen'.
DOINGS IN DUBLIN!!! (16545)
O'Connell stands on an overturned wheelbarrow violently haranguing a set of ragged, misshapen, shock-headed, and oafish peasants (left) holding pikes in a manner that accentuates their lack of order. One has a makeshift flag inscribed 'No Union'. O'Connell: 'If you want examples gentlemen look to Paris [see No. 16238], to Brussels [see No. 16282], to Warsaw [see No. 16543J, shall the finest Pisantry in the world [cf. No. 16019] & who drink wiskey want spirit'. Behind O'Connell and on the extreme right is Lord Anglesey, in hussar uniform, looking from behind a hoarding; he asks: 'What the Devil, are you at here Dan?' Behind him bayonets indicate a file of soldiers. In the background, seen between O'Connell and his audience, is a group of Irishwomen, seated and huddled in shawls, one smoking a pipe. They say: 'Arrah now arnt he a jewel'. O'Connell was carrying on a violent agitation for repeal of the Union. The French and (especially) the Belgian revolutions had inflamed opinion; there was much distress and unrest; peasants were refusing to pay tithes and demanding reductions of rent. On Anglesey's appointment (see No. 16395) he found himself at war with O'Connell, see No. 16551, &c.
THE TWO NICKS GOING TO WARSAW. (16546)
The Tsar, holding a sabre dripping with blood, takes a flying stride through the air, borne along by the Devil who takes his left arm and points to the right with a firebrand. The Devil is nude and hairy with webbed wings; he looks at Nicholas with a satanic grin, in his left hand is a (poison) cup. The Tsar, who is in uniform with spurred boots, stares before him with a sinister frown. (See No. 16543, &c.; cf. especially No. 16657.)
- Production date
Height: 416 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 290 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Notes to No. 16533:
Cf. Coleridge (Feb. 1795): ' . . . a Fast!—A turbot feast for the rich and their usual scanty morsel for the poor.' Essays on his own Times, 1850, i. 45. On 23 Dec. Spencer Perceval (see No. 15702) gave notice of a motion for an Address for a General Fast, evoking 'cries of "General what?”’. The question was brought up on 7 Feb. when Hunt (see No. 16539) said 'the Member and other Members were the means of taking away from the poor... the greater part of the benefits the Almighty intended for them'. Parl. Deb., 3rd s. ii. 81, 205. He was a sinecurist, see Nos. 16610, 16612. Cf. General Fast, No. 8801; for the contrast here depicted, No. 8428. See No. 16943, &c. Cf. No. 16191.
Notes to No. 16534:
Grey's brother Edward was appointed Dean of Hereford in Dec. 1830 ; this was especially pilloried in an attack on Grey for nepotism in the first number of Wakley's paper, The Ballot, 2 Jan. 1830. He was not made Bishop till May 1832. Cf. a letter in The Times, 17 Jan. 1831, from 'A Reformer but no Revo¬lutionist': 'Why did the Premier annex the sinecure of a deanery to his brother's living [St. Botolph, Bishopsgate, a valuable living given him by Wellington, see Ellenborough, Pol. Diary, i. 181 f., &c. and No. 15560] . . .?' See No. 16578, &c.
Notes to No. 16535:
Revolution (cf. No. 16273) was spreading from France and Belgium to Baden and the Rhineland, Poland (see No. 16543), Modena, Parma, the Romagna. Grey's Ministry was a diplomatic set-back to the autocratic powers (see No. 16538). Austrian intervention suppressed the Italian risings, here prophetically alluded to, cf. No. 16599. For the Emperor's situation cf. Nos. 14049 (1820), 16273.
Notes to No. 16536:
For the complaint in Parliament against Cobbett, for an incendiary article in the Pol. Reg., see No. 16400, &c. The indictment followed on 18 Feb. 1831, the trial (after postponements) on 8 July; the jury disagreed and the case was dismissed. An adaptation of No. 16123.
Notes to No. 16538:
Wellington's general attitude in foreign policy was to support any estab¬lished government; he had quickly acknowledged that of Louis Philippe. He was deeply concerned for the maintenance of peace and believed that Grey's Ministry had endangered it by not checking a disposition in France to aggression in Belgium. Wellington, Despatches, N.s. vii. 375, 388, 404. Cf. G. M. Trevelyan, Lord Grey of the Reform Bill, 1929, pp. 224-6; Comb. Hist, of Br. Foreign Policy, ii. 128 f. Here, as often, he is attacked as anxious to help reactionary sovereigns, cf. No. 16049, &c. For tottering thrones cf. No. 16535; for the title No. 16300.
Notes to No. 16539:
Stanley, appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, was defeated in December by Hunt at the Preston by-election by 3,730 to 3,392. He started a scrutiny but abandoned it to prevent serious rioting. This was due to Hunt's tumultuous advocacy of the ballot and Radical Reform in a potwalloper borough (see No. 16166). He took his seat on 3 Feb. See No. 16638.
Notes to No. 16543:
On 29 Nov. 1830 a military revolt broke out in Warsaw; the Grand Duke Constantine, the Viceroy (see No. 15111), evacuated the city on 3 Dec. and left for the frontier; the rising ended with the fall of Warsaw on 7 Sept. 1831. See Nos. 16546, 16549, 16558, 16564, 16615, 16655, 16657, 16742, 16744, 16762, 16783, 16784.
Notes to No. 16860:
This minor parish official presented a copy of verses, usually decorated by cuts, to parishioners at Christmas time. There are many examples in the B.M.L.; see No. 10135. A satire on the vogue for 'Annuals', see No. 16433. 'A Musical Annual' is a companion design.
Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. II") containing nos. 13-24 for 1831. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: Sir Henry William Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey
Associated with: Henry Peter, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Associated with: William Cobbett
Associated with: Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich
Associated with: John Wilson Croker
Associated with: George Robert Dawson
Associated with: Thomas Denman, 1st Baron Denman
Associated with: Ferdinand VII, King of Spain
Associated with: Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Francis I, Emperor of Austria
Associated with: Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
Associated with: Edward Grey, Bishop of Hereford
Associated with: Henry Richard Fox Vassall, 3rd Baron Holland
Associated with: Henry "Orator" Hunt
Associated with: Evaristo Miguel
Associated with: Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia
Associated with: Daniel O'Connell
Associated with: Right Hon Spencer Perceval
Associated with: Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Associated with: William IV, King of the United Kingdom
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number