- Museum number
Object: A reform.
Object: William 1st. King of the Netherlands.
Object: Training for the P-m-t ring.
Object: Training for the P-m-t ring -
Object: "The twa dogs"
Object: Vienna - expediency!!!
Object: Madrid - a peep at the petticoat-maker &c &c
Object: Advertisements (BM Satires 16275, but inc. 'Lost £12000 per annum medical practice' (BM Satires 16521))
Object: A chapter on titles
Object: Election scene "see Lincoln Herald"
Object: John Bull & the capet.
Object: Burning in effigy. A scene at Brighton.
Object: Interesting article
Object: The man wot eats oysters - "But cant pay for 'em"
Object: Contest for coroner The lancet & the lawyer -
Object: Appealing against the new police - (The second 'a' in 'appealing' written over a crossed-out 'p')
Object: A real boa East India fashion.
Series: The Looking Glass No. 10
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 October 1830
A REFORM. (16268)
Queen Adelaide, wearing a crown, turns the handle of a mill whose body resembles a huge bandbox decorated with the Royal Arms; she says: 'No Silk gowns, no french curls and I'll have you all wear aprons'. A fashionably dressed woman wearing a big hat, fur boa (see No. 16526), and inflated sleeves is about to step from a ladder into the hopper, where the head and sleeves of another terrified girl are seen. A third, with hair in huge upstanding loops, stands weeping at the foot of the ladder (right). She exclaims: 'Oh! my Sleeves a la Sontag My curls a la Paris; talk of Mr P—l [Peel]; heres a sacrifice for Place'. From the spout of the mill (left) a plainly dressed girl in cap and apron runs forward. Another, who has already been through the mill, stands (left), saying 'Oh! laukes oh! dear vot vil Mr Harry say to me this figer'. (The Times, 31 Aug., records: 'Her Majesty had all the housemaids before her at Windsor Castle and said I wish you to understand that I will have no silk gowns worn here, and . . . you must wear aprons.' The allusion to Peel is to his 'ratting' over Emancipation, cf. (e.g.) No. 15682. For the magic mill an ancient folk-print theme, cf. Nos. 10497, 17150.)
WILLIAM 1st. KING OF THE NETHERLANDS. (16269)
A portrait bust directed to the right, of the King wearing uniform. Flanked by Nos. 16270-1.
TRAINING FOR THE P-M-T RING. (16270)
Brougham, stripped to the waist, but wearing his barrister's wig, stands in profile to the right, putting knife and fork into a big dish of 'Yorkshire pudding'. He says: 'This I think will strengthen'. See No. 16281, &c.
TRAINING FOR THE P-M-T RING - (16271)
Wellington, stripped like Brougham, and in profile to the left, supports himself with the right hand on a table, bending over two nauseous concoctions, and saying, 'Ah! its a bitter draught'. These are a bottle labelled 'Expediency', and a large tumbler: 'popular measure'; both are filled with dark liquid. A comment on the election results: Wellington will be forced to admit opponents to his Ministry and to accept a moderate measure of Reform, see No. 16264.
"THE TWA DOGS" (16272)
Two dogs face each other aggressively, linked by a taut leash inscribed 'Treaty of London'. One (left) is a shaggy dog of poodle type, its collar inscribed 'Belgium'; the other is a smooth plump dog, pug or bull-dog in type and is smoking a pipe. On its collar, which is spiked, is the word 'Holland'. Belgium: 'I'll tell you what Mynheer Vanjamtrimtramterelerelette I shant go in the same leash with you any longer'. Holland: 'I'll be D—d if you dont tho!!' The first direct satire on the Belgian Revolution, cf. No. 16237; see No. 16282, &c.
VIENNA - EXPEDIENCY!!! (16273)
Francis I, leaning his head on his hand, sits at a table covered with papers giving news of revolutions and unrest. Metternich faces him, leaning on the table, his handkerchief to his eye; he says: 'Acknowledge this King of the French! it really makes me weep, after all our endeavours to prop the good old system of Absolute Governments, the ingratitude of the people is really deplorable. Had our old friend Castlereagh been living we'd have had another try for it'. The Emperor, in deep dejection: 'Ah! It's a bitter pill Metternich'. Before him is a newspaper: Times [see No. 16237]; his elbow rests on a book: 'Review'. Before Metternich is the 'National' [Thiers's paper, see No. 16208]. Other papers are headed 'Brussels, Spain, Den[mark], Portugal, Russia, Italy, Britai[n]'. Against the table-cloth, in front of the design, is a large Habsburg eagle. One of many attacks on the foreign policy of Castlereagh (regarded as the arch-oppressor of the people) as reactionary, cf. (e.g.) No. 12614. For revolu-tions in Europe cf. Nos. 16237, 16282, &c, 16300, 16317, 16535.
MADRID - A PEEP AT THE PETTICOAT-MAKER &c &c (16274)
After the title: '"Black whit & grey with all their! trumpery"—'. Ferdinand VII sits on the throne, his right foot resting on a skull. The throne is formed of skulls and of the skins or bodies of two tigers. He wears crown and military tunic, with a woman's cloak, hood, and petticoat, and sews a petticoat patterned with crosses. He is surrounded by friars and the Devil leans over his shoulder to whisper: 'Temporize temporize Grant some concessions until You have luld [sic] them into security then kill kill kill kill'. The King listens with a fixed malevolent stare. Two friars flank the throne, holding up banners suspended from triple torches. One is inscribed 'The footstool of a King is the neck of His People'; the other, 'The Church on a Rock And The Nation Under It'. A third and more ferocious friar (left), with a breastplate over his robe, holds a huge sword, dripping blood and inscribed: 'The Right Divine To Govern Wrong' [cf. No. 14133]. Behind him are two other friars or monks in back view, holding up a blanket to cover a picture: an irradiated cap of Liberty (cf. No. 16275 ) which illuminates the 'Pyrenees', and is hailed by a group of joyful Spaniards. The rays extend to the words 'Liberty, Vive La Liberty' [twice]. On the right is a group of conspiratorial friars; two whisper together, one holding a dagger. Another stoops to place on the King's dais a large rolled document: 'Plan to Restore The Most Holy Inquisition'. Behind them are two bishops, one swinging a censer before an altar. On the left a courtier kneels obsequiously to display on the dais a large roll headed 'List of Proscrip . . '. Behind him a masked execu¬tioner waits with his axe.
ADVERTISEMENTS (16275, also 16521)
 'To be sold, the estate of ROTTEN DOWN'
Two ruinous hovels. Below the title: 'Two cottages rather delapidated a Paddock & a Pig-sty, Lowest price 250000—N8 returns two Members to P——t'. Cf. No. 16170.
 'Stirling sthomac [sic] pills'
Reverse and obverse of a sovereign.
 'To Scavengers. Rubbish to be cleared off—'
The bust of a bull-headed man in papal robes, wearing a tiara inscribed 'A Popes Bull'. Flanking the 'Infallible' head are a mitre and a fool's cap inscribed 'Passive Obedience'. Across it slants a sword, from whose blade, 'Right Divine', hang a ducal coronet, a Garter star, and the cross of the Saint Esprit. An attack on clericalism and absolutism.
 'Lost £12000 per annum medical practice' (No. 16521)
A man with a duck's head kneels dejectedly in a prison cell, the words 'Quack Quack' coming from his beak. Beside him is a jar of 'Lotion'. Below the title: 'whoever will restore the same to Mr St Jn L-g shall recieve the benifit of His advice'. See No. 16426, &c. For the quack's as the most lucrative of all occupations cf. No. 9794.
 'Wanted Every where—'
An irradiated cap of Liberty with a tricolour cockade, cf. No. 16274. The design repeats that popularized by Hone in 1819-20, see No. 13304.
A CHAPTER ON TITLES (16276; column heading)
 'A Lord or giver of Loaves!—'
Languid and squinting, he sprawls on three chairs, saying, 'I vote for the Corn Law's. See No. 12503, &c.
 'An Earl an Elder a wise old man!!!'
Eldon, an infant seated on a child's commode, shouts peevishly, brandishing a rattle, a toy-horse beside him.
 'A Duke or Leader'
A young man in uniform and jack-boots takes a flying stride to the right, shouting 'Devil take the hindmost'. Two men follow or pursue. Behind him a signpost points (left) to 'Brunswick'. (Charles II, Duke of Brunswick, almost mad and very unpopular, quarrelled with his relations and provoked his subjects to revolt in 1830. He fled to England in September. See Wellington, Despatches, N.s. vii. 269, &c.; Ellen-borough, Pol. Diary, ii. 362. See Nos. 15865, 16300, 17264.)
 'His Highness'.
A short man, almost spherical, wearing Garter ribbon and star, stands full-face with upturned head, left hand on a chair. Two footmen, faintly indicated, stand behind him. Apparently the Prince of Orange (see vol. ix), who came to England after the Belgian revolution, returning in 1831, cf. No. 16743. His father was K.G.
 'His Lowness'.
The Devil, holding a pitchfork, surrounded by flames.
ELECTION SCENE "SEE LINCOLN HERALD" (16277)
Below the title: 'One respectable Farmer was deteced [sic] marching off with a Bottle of Port in each pocket as "Black game" another had pocketed a pie but sitting down crac'd the dish another was snoring with a decanter peeping out of His pocket emptying it's contents over his new boot tops'. A scene of drunkenness and riot, the incidents as described, pigs swill spilt liquor in the foreground; brick-bats are flying in the background where a hoarding is being demolished. The riot occurred after the chairing of the members for Lincoln (there was no poll). A mob tried to storm the White Hart, scene of the election dinner, despite a precautionary hoarding which they demolished. They demanded 'Beef and Wine' and were appeased by drink. The incidents illustrated took place after an interlude of drunken feasting. The Times, 13 Aug. (abridged from the Lincoln Herald).
JOHN BULL & THE CAPET. (16278)
J. B., abject and imbecile, kneels at the feet of Charles X, about to kiss his hand. The little duc de Bordeaux, in hussar uniform, stalks arrogantly forward, haughtily extending a hand. The due and duchesse d'Angoulême watch the scene. She turns to her husband, saying, 'c'est drôle'. J. B.: 'I hope you'll exchuse vapouring the other day, had You been a beggely [sic] Patriot indeed—But a King & Duke—Oh L—d!! what shall I do wher shall I go for You'. (J. B. 's political hostility to the ex-King was tempered by local interest in, and politeness to, the large party of refugees. See No. 16235, &c.
A well-dressed man wearing spectacles stands in the doorway of a doctor's surgery, which is lit by a candle and the light from a street-lamp. About to depart, he takes a coin from the doctor, who is sleepily pulling on his top-boots. Below the title: 'Mr Jones. You'll make haste to my poor woman doctor— Oh! bless me I've forgot my purse & no nurse will come without a coach so late. Doctor. Oh never mind here's half a crown. NB he never saw his 2s 6d nor found the patient'. The room is lined with druggist's jars; a pestle and mortar is on the table.
BURNING IN EFFIGY. A SCENE AT BRIGHTON. (16279)
A figure with a newspaper, 'Brighton Guardian', covering its body, hangs from gibbet over a bonfire on a hillock. A fat parson says sanctimoniously: 'I'd leave the wreatch to his fate hopeing the judgements of the Lord & the indignation of men would soon overtake him'. Beside him is a foppish man stirring the fire, who says: 'Oh! your Reverenc [sic] is too charitable'. A butcher: 'Vel now I shall surely serve the Pavillion'. A lank Quaker says: 'Friend William will send me a good order now I think'. A fat parson rolls a barrel of 'Pitch' on to the hillock. On the right is a group of spectators; one says: 'Go for to injure the town He is as bad as a picpockit'; both his pockets are being picked by two well-dressed thieves. In the background, beyond roof-tops, is the Pavilion (left). A head (the King's) looks from a window, saying, 'The selfish fools insult Me by supposing I feel such trifles'.
INTERESTING ARTICLE (16523)
Husband and wife sit back to back; she nurses a lap-dog, facing the fire. He faces a large bay-window with a view of the sea, reading a paper intently: 'Chamber of Deputies " Many petitions were presented for reestablishing the law of Divorce according to the will of the parties'. She (suspiciously): 'Ee what's that'.
THE MAN WOT EATS OYSTERS - (16524)
Title continues: "But cant pay for 'em". A lean man stands guzzling at a counter, a huge pile of shells at his feet. The oysterman, knife in hand, gapes in dismay. Above: 'have you any good oysters I have'nt tasted a good oyster this season. "I have some fine Colchesters here Sir" well open me a few—after eating about a peck with bread & butter in proportion He says—"Have you such a thing as another loaf'. Oysterman: 'This must be Dando or the Devil!!!'
CONTEST FOR CORONER... (16525)
A barrister, composed of wig on wig-block, with rolled documents for arms and a brief-bag for body, stands over a three-bladed lancet, holding up a pen. Coins pour from the bag; the lancet has been thrown down, but its blades are intact. Lawyer: 'I've gained the victory, but I have bled confoundedly'.
APPEALING AGAINST THE NEW POLICE - (16280)
Peel (left), writing at a table heaped with bulky papers: 'Regulations; New Police', turns indignantly towards a file of long beadle's staves or maces supporting cocked hats, each wearing a gold-laced cocked hat. Against one staff is a paper headed 'Petition To His Majesty Against The New Police'. The others have similar papers headed 'D°'; they advance towards a shadowy crown and sceptre (left). Peel exclaims 'Ingrates'. See No. 15768, &c.
A REAL BOA EAST INDIA FASHION. (16526)
A woman, fashionably dressed, stands in an Indian landscape with a serpent hanging round her neck, darting fangs. (A satire on the new fashion for the fur boa (the word dates (O.E.D.) from 1836), cf. No. 15963.)
- Production date
Height: 416 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 293 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Notes to No. 16274:
For Ferdinand VII as the embroiderer of a petticoat for an image of the Virgin, his supposed occupation while at Valençay 1808-14, see No. 12508. Disturbance in Spain as a result of the French Revolution of July was feared but did not occur: quasi-liberalism was temporarily in the ascendant (owing to Carlist hostility to Queen Cristina), and there was a Carlist outburst on 24 Sept., followed in October by a futile invasion from France by liberal émigrés. See No. 16300. The throne of skulls probably derives from No. 13009.
Notes for No. 16279:
On 25 Aug. the editor was burnt in effigy before the office of the Brighton Guardian in North Street for a supposed libel on the King. The Times, 31 Aug., comments: 'We suspect this time-serving will disgust the manly and illustrious person whom it is intended to flatter.' On 3 Sept. The Times quotes from an article in the Brighton paper professing loyalty to the King 'as the first magistrate of a free people'. Cf. No. 16193.
Notes to No. 16524:
Dando, notorious for bilking, was 'the ravenous oyster eater, incessantly swallowing his ten or twelve dozen bivalves without a thought of paying for them' till he died in prison through semi-starvation. Vizetelly, Glances Back, i. 117 f. Hence a dando = one who frequents eating-houses, satisfies his appetite, and departs without payment. Brewer, Diet, of Phrase and Fable. For the title cf. No. 15731, &c.
Notes to No. 16525:
On 24 Aug. Wakley (see No. 15571, &c), founder and editor of the Lancet, presented himself as the first medical candidate for the post of Coroner (for East Middlesex); he was narrowly defeated at the freeholders' poll, 9-20 Sept., by William Baker, a solicitor (but in 1839 was elected Coroner for West Middlesex). He was given a public dinner at the Crown and Anchor on 28 Sept. Lancet, 1830-1, pp. 41 ff.; Sprigge, Life and Times of Thomas Wakley, 1897, pp. 353 ff.
Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. I") containing nos. 1 to 12 for 1830. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: Adelaide, Queen of William IV
Associated with: Louis Antoine de Bourbon, Duc d'Angoulême
Associated with: Marie Thérèse Charlotte de France, Madame Royale, Duchess of Angoulême
Associated with: William Baker
Associated with: Henri d'Artois, Duc de Bordeaux, Comte de Chambord
Associated with: Henry Peter, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Associated with: Charles II, Duke of Brunswick
Associated with: Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh and 2nd Marquess of Londonderry
Associated with: Charles X, King of France and Navarre
Associated with: John Dando
Associated with: John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon
Associated with: Ferdinand VII, King of Spain
Associated with: Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Francis I, Emperor of Austria
Associated with: John St John Long
Associated with: Louis Philippe, King of the French
Associated with: Richard Clemens Lothar, Prince of Metternich-Winneburg
Associated with: William Orange
Associated with: Sir Robert Peel
Associated with: Thomas Wakley
Associated with: Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Associated with: William IV, King of the United Kingdom
Associated with: William I, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxemburg
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number