- Museum number
Object: The gen d armes seizing the printing presses -
Object: Charles the Xth. ex King of France -
Object: The Duke of Angoulême.
Object: Gen d armes, closing the caffés, where the journals were read.
Object: Charles the Xth playing cards at St Cloud,
Object: The Dauphiness at Dijon.
Object: Tuesday 27th. July
Object: Wednesday 28th
Object: Thursday 29th
Object: Beaten horse & foot - the retreat to Rambouillet.
Object: Peasant & his prisoner
Object: Bravest of the brave.
Object: Mechanic & his gun
Object: A youth of the polytechnic school
Object: Youthful bravery.
Object: The galleries Vivienne & Colvert [sic]
Object: Philip. Ith King of the French
Object: Genl Lafayette the citizen soldier -
Object: The Queen of the French
Object: Sir Jeffery. Wot vill he do for employment; poor man!!!
Object: Fashion for September 1830
Object: Present posture, & future prospects of Mother Church. "The school master's abroad"
Object: A non-content.
Series: The Looking Glass No. 9
Lithographic caricature magazine of four pages on two leaves, in the form of a (monthly) newspaper; illustrations as follows. 1 September 1830
MEMORANDA OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1830.
THE GEN D ARMES SEIZING THE PRINTING PRESSES - (16238)
Street scene. Gendarmes with fixed bayonets stand outside a closed door inscribed 'Office [Nation]al', from whose windows papers are falling. There is a crowd of startled and angry spectators. The papers flung from the windows are the protest against the Ordinance against the Press drawn up at Thiers's 'National' office, many copies being thrown from windows of newspaper offices on 27 July on to the heads of the police. See No. 16208.
CHARLES THE Xth. EX KING OF FRANCE - (16239), and THE DUKE OF ANGOULEME. (16240)
Two three-quarter-length portraits, scarcely caricatured, but with complacent smiles, flanking No. 16238.
GEN D ARMES, CLOSING THE CAFFES... (16241)
Gendarmes with fixed bayonets enter a large, almost palatial, room, where men are seated at tables with newspapers and glasses. Some show resistance.
CHARLES THE Xth PLAYING CARDS AT ST CLOUD, (16242)
The title continues: 'whil'st the roaring of the Cannon at Paris, could be dis¬tinctly heard'. Four persons at a card-table, the King stupidly pleased at the game, a lady alarmed. Two courtiers standing behind are terrified. (The King played his usual game of whist (to the sound of firing) on 28 July. He told the Commandant of St. Cyr who offered his services: 'Victory is certain.' E. L. Woodward, French Revolutions, 1934, p. 121.)
THE DAUPHINESS AT DIJON. (16243)
After the title: '"They cry" "Vive la Chart",—"I turnd & gave them one of those looks, You know I can give with so much effect The Prefect trembles & the Mayor looks melancholly [sic]; See her intercepted letter'. The duchesse d'Angoulême (see vol. ix), a sour virago in black, looks angrily at a crowd from a wide-open window reaching to the floor. Two uneasy officials stand by a table on which is a Proclamation. Two footmen exchange looks of dismay. (The Dauphine was at Dijon on the outbreak of the Revolution; she rejoined her husband at Rambouillet, travelling in disguise.)
TUESDAY 27th. JULY (16244)
Below the title: 'In the small square of the Palais Royal, a Captain hesitating to commence the dreadful work of slaughter, the Lieutenant shot him through the heart, at the same time exclaiming to the Soldiers—fire! a command too promptly obeyd-' Soldiers in close formation fire point-blank upon unarmed men, women, and children. The officer at the head of the file, his sabre extended, fires with the left hand at the captain, who falls. One or two men, newspaper in hand, harangue the peaceful crowd. (See Nos. 16245, 16246, episodes of 'les trois glorieuses'.)
WEDNESDAY 28th (16245)
Below the title: 'The 5th regiment were ordered "Make ready!" to fire on the people on the Boulevard, they did so. "Present!" they turned their pieces on their Colonel, waiting for the word "Fire!". That officer broke his sword & retired, whilst the people & soldiery embraced'. Soldiers aim their muskets at their mounted officer, who, turning his back on them, breaks his sword across his knee. On the right, the revolutionaries, headed by a youth and comprising soldiers, civilians, and women, with a tricolour flag, face the soldiers and fraternize with them. Behind (left) lancers in line ride forward over corpses. See No. 16216.
THURSDAY 29th (16246)
Below the title: 'Two of the National guard, intrenched themselves behind a low wall, in front of the Louvre from whence they fired with admirable precision. Many fell in constructing the Barrier, one shrieked out " Vive la Nation" as he dropt mortaly wounded. Soon after the Swiss were forced to fly in the greatest confusion'. On the right is the barricade, some fire from it towards the Louvre (left), others bring stones to strengthen it, the space behind is crowded. Muskets are fired from the adjacent house towards the Louvre (left). There are clouds of smoke. See No. 16217.
BEATEN HORSE & FOOT - THE RETREAT TO RAMBOUILLET. (16247)
The royal coach, preceded by dejected officers and followed by lancers, moves slowly (left to right). Spectators watch from behind a low wall or barricade.
MISCELLANEOUS ANECDOTES -
PEASANT & HIS PRISONER (16248)
Below the title: 'I was (said the Peasant) oblidged to shoot him through the arm which reminded him I was a friend of his Cousins, so I took him under my protection, had his mustachious shaved, gave him some wine & bread, with that pair of trousers & jacket, for I could not bear the sight of his Butcher dress'. The soldier, in patched jacket and trousers, his arm in a sling, trudges behind a peasant in a smock armed with a musket.
BRAVEST OF THE BRAVE. (16249)
Below the title: 'A little Savoyard, who was accustomed to take his stand on the Boulevard, was observed among the strife & uproar, to be grinding his Hurdy-gurdy with the greatest sang froid'. He stands under a tree, his back to the firing, playing his instrument, while a dog at his feet holds a hat for contributions.
MECHANIC & HIS GUN (16250)
Below the title: '"My friend" (said a young man evidently of wealth,) "I'll give you 100 francs for your piece."—"Oh no sir" was the reply "its my best friend"— "I will give you 500"—"No Sir it has brought down two of our foes it will bring down more. I shall keep my good friend' A man on a well-bred horse offers money to an artisan who turns away. Street fighting is indicated in the background.
A YOUTH OF THE POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL (16251)
The inscription continues: 'seized a cannon "It is ours" he exclaimed "I will die rather than surrender it"—regardless of the tremendous fire directed against him he held it until the Citizens drove back the enemy & secured the prize'. The youth, in military uniform (cf. No. 16216), puts his hand on the cannon and looks behind him, raising his sabre. Behind, smoke obscures the fighting.
YOUTHFUL BRAVERY. (16252)
Below the title: 'A Boy scarcely more than twelve years of age went between two mounted Gens d'armes and shot them both dead in the same instant'. He stands, a pistol in each hand at arm's length, the mounted men are about to fall. Buildings and street-fighting are partly hidden by smoke.
THE GALLERIES VIVIENNE & COLVERT (16253)
The inscription continues: 'exhibited an affecting spectacle: on one of the evenings, all the women who had stalls there, were employed at thier doors making lint & bandages for the wounded'. An older woman bandages the arm of a civilian with a musket; a younger one, seated, tears a piece of material. Both wear caps of Phrygian type. Behind is a door inscribed 'Mad Plume'.
Three bust portraits in a row: PHILIP. Ith KING OF THE FRENCH (16254), GENL LAFAYETTE THE CITIZEN SOLDIER - (16255), and THE QUEEN OF THE FRENCH (16256).
SIR JEFFERY... (16257)
William IV (unrecognizable), three-quarter-length, leans back in his chair, hand in pocket, smiling at Wyatville, who holds up a large plan headed 'Quens [sic] Lodge Estimate £600 000'. The King: 'No Sir Jeffery, the public Nash their teeth at my predecessors building fancies'. For George IV's lavish expenditure on building, his leading architects being Nash and Wyatville, see No. 15667, &c. William IV was conspicuously economical.
A half-length portrait of the Duke of Cumberland directed to the right, holding a large top-hat, left hand on his chin. He scowls meditatively, saying: 'What do I hear? it makes me sick, denied the office of the stick, / How Royally 'twould have propt me but it, / Cant be mine & so I'll cut it'. See No. 16223, &c.
FASHION FOR SEPTEMBER 1830 (16520)
A young woman, half-length, wears a light-coloured bodice like a pleated shirt-front, with dark, full sleeves; her face is framed by a halo-like brim of gauffred muslin. Below: '"Since Habit shirts are all the plan" / "I vow I will have one" / Old Ballad of 1808'. (Jon Bee, Slang, 1823: 'Habit-shirt - a sham plea put in (on) to save appearances. Worn by the ladies: but gentlemen should "look well t'it" as Hamlet says, or it will be all Dickey.')
PRESENT POSTURE, & FUTURE PROSPECTS OF MOTHER CHURCH... (16259)
'"The School Master's abroad"' A dismayed giantess sits on the ground or a low stool, wearing helmet-wise a dome surmounted by a cross; she is completely surrounded by greedy clamorous children, who are clerics in surplice or gown, some being bishops. A tall man seizes a bishop by the back of the surplice, raising a birch-rod to strike; he says: 'Never fear My worthy Friend. When I have administered due correction to these naughty children, You will recover yourself'. (For the expectation of Church reform (a crying need) see No. 15791, &c. The man may be Brougham, see No. 15535, but does not resemble him. Cf. A Letter to the Duke of Wellington on the Reasonableness of a Church Reform . . ., 1830, p. 58: 'The schoolmaster then is abroad: a sentence pro-nounced with as much fear and trembling by some, as if the church were to be pulled down by his doings.')
A NON-CONTENT. (16260)
The Duke of Cumberland sits on the ground, knees drawn up, scowling to the right. He is imprisoned in a turned-down wine-glass. Below the title: 'When the King gave "The Duke of Wellington" A certain Great Personage turn'd down his glass refuseing to drink the Toast!!! See the Times Augt 28th'. (Creevey relates that at a great dinner at Windsor on 21 August when the King toasted Wellington, 'It was seen by all around the reception this toast met with from the Duke of Cumberland, who was turning his glass upside down.' Life and Times, ed. Gore, 1934, p. 324. The Times is not quoted textually. The passage continues: '. . . he has been forced to employ the good offices of the man whom he insulted in order to be reconciled with his justly offended host'. See No. 16755.)
- Production date
Height: 416 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 294 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Bound in a volume ("The Looking Glass, Vol. I") containing nos. 1 to 12 for 1830. Vols. I to VII (1830 to 1836) are kept at 298.d.12 to 18.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: Marie Thérèse Charlotte de France, Madame Royale, Duchess of Angoulême
Associated with: Henry Peter, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Associated with: Charles X, King of France and Navarre
Associated with: Elizabeth Conyngham, Marchioness Conyngham
Associated with: Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover
Associated with: Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
Associated with: Louis Philippe, duc d'Orléans
Associated with: Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Louis Philippe
Associated with: John Nash
Associated with: Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Associated with: William IV, King of the United Kingdom
Associated with: Sir Jeffry Wyatville
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number