- Museum number
- Object: Promenade in the State Side of Newgate
A portrait group of whole length figures, standing on a squared pavement, the background a stone wall. Numbers refer to identifications below the design, followed by: 'Note - those mark'd with a Star are Visitors'. On the extreme left a head looking through a doorway is '*1 Peter Pindar'. Next, a pleasant-looking man standing in profile to the right, and smoking a long pipe, is '2 William Holland'. He holds the arm of a little girl, '*22 Miss Holland', who gives him a rose. A lady standing beside him is '*3', the name left blank, probably Mrs. Holland. Two men stand in profile to the left, facing Holland; they are '*4 Doctor Adrian' and '5 Thomas Townley Macan', smoking a long pipe. The next five appear to be talking together: '*6 Count Zenobio', in profile to the right; '7 John Frost' faces '*10 Mr Gerald', who reads a newspaper; '8 Thomas Lloyd' (left), and '*9 John Horne Tooke' face each other in conversation. '11-13' are the central figures of the design: '*11 Martin Van Butchell' has a bushy beard and hair hanging on his collar; he wears spectacles and holds an umbrella to which is attached a small oval-shaped bat. Opposite him is '13 Lord George Gordon', smoking a long pipe. He has short hair, a long beard, wears a broad-brimmed hat, tartan waistcoat, and long overcoat. Behind and between them is the head of a man in profile to the right, '*12 Charles Pigott'. He looks towards '14 Henry Delahay Symonds', in profile to the left, who smiles, holding out his right hand. He wears spectacles pushed up on his forehead. Behind him (right) is '15 James Ridgway', also in profile to the left; '*16 Daniel Isaac Eaton', a small man in profile to the left, stands behind facing '*20 Mr Collins'. Nearer the spectator is '17 Lord William Murray', in profile to the left; a lady, '*18 Lady William Murray', puts her right hand on his arm, holding in her left the hand of a little boy, '*19 Master Murray'. Behind her is a tall man wearing a cocked hat and facing three-quarter to the left, who is '*21 Captain Wilbraham'. All the visitors wear hats except 19, none of the prisoners except 13. The heads are portraits, partly stippled. First state. 5 October 1793
- Production date
Height: 470 millimetres
Width: 722 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- (Description and comment from M.Dorothy George, 'Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum', VII, 1942)
A group of radicals with their friends. For 1 (Wolcot) see vol. vi. Holland (2) was the publisher of most of Newton's designs; for his arrest and that of (15) Ridgway (publisher of 'The Rolliad', cf. BMSat 6775), see [Hughes] 'Justice to a Judge', 1793 (pub. Ridgway), pp. 13-14. Macan (5) died in Newgate within two days of Lord George Gordon; see 'Case of Charles Pigott', 1793, p. 41 n. Count Alvise Zenobio, son of a Venetian admiral and a member of the Society for Constitutional Information (see BMSat 6246), was ordered to leave England in 1794 at the same time as Talleyrand. Frost (7) [He appears in BMSat 7371 as agent for Hood at a Westminster election. See 'State Trials', xxii. 494.] was the secretary of the London Corresponding Society and its deputy to the French Convention; he left Newgate in Dec.1793 in a state of collapse after seven months' imprisonment, receiving an ovation. Lloyd (8), a U.S.A. citizen, published a pamphlet, 'On the improper conduct of the Jailer of Newgate', 1794. He says that the State Side of Newgate, open to visitors from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m., which should have contained only persons sentenced for offences against the state, was crowded with felons who could pay for the indulgence. He, Frost, Symonds, and Ridgway signed a certificate on the jail-fever raging Oct.-Nov. 1793 (of which Macan and Gordon died). For Horne Tooke (9) see Index and vols, iv, v, vi. For Gerald or Gerrald see BMSat 8508. For Van Butchell (11), empiric and truss-maker, see vol. vi. He was committed in 1793 for sedition but the charge was thrown out by the Grand Jury, see his Case published by Eaton, 1793; his eccentric petition to the King to spare Gerald was reprinted as a handbill from the 'Morning Post' of 17 Apr. 1794 (B.M.L., 648. c. 26/37). In this he claims to have a bushy beard, eight inches long, thinking it wrong to shave. He carried a bone shaped like a battledore as a defensive weapon, and was a frequent visitor to Gordon and political prisoners in Newgate. 'Kirby's Wonderful Museum', i, 1803, pp. 202, 205. Charles Pigott (12) published radical and scurrilous pamphlets; a charge against him was thrown out by the Grand Jury, see his 'Case', 1793. For Gordon (13) see vols, v and vi; he died in Newgate, 1 Nov. 1793. Ridgway (see physical description) collected Erskine's 'Speeches on the Liberty of the Press', 1810. Eaton (16), a bookseller, was tried 3 June and 10 July 1793 for selling works by Paine, but acquitted. Lord William Murray was the third son of the third Duke of Atholl; his son, though looking older, was James Arthur, b. 25 May 1790. Presumably Wilbraham had himself removed from the plate, see BMSat 8342 a. See BMSat 8339.
See also Bindman, 1989 (cat no 194, p. 192).
Henry Delahay (or Delahoy) Symonds (14), "many years an active and considerable bookseller in Paternoster-row...In the commencement of the crusade against the French Revolution, he suffered four years imprisonment in Newgate, and paid a heavy fine for vending some political pamphlets" (Monthly Mag. Jul 1816, 563, quoted in Exeter Working Papers in British Book Trade History http://bookhistory.blogspot.com)
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1989 May-Sep, BM, Shadow of the Guillotine: Britain and French Revolution
1990 Jan-Mar, Manchester, Whitworth AG, Britain and French Revolution
1990 Jun-Sep, Vizille, Mus Rev/Francaise, Britain and French Revolution
2000/1 Nov-Feb, London, Tate Britain, 'William Blake'
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number