- Museum number
Pamphlet of 32 pages (numbered pages 4-31) “The new pilgrim's progress; or, a journey to Jerusalem.” A scurrilous verse-satire on Caroline of Brunswick which details charges of adultery levelled against her at her “trial.”
1. The frontispiece illustration, BM Satires 13918, is a copy, omitting background figures, but scarcely burlesqued, of Carloni's picture, 'The Public Entry of the Queen into Jerusalem' exhibited in London 1820, a key to which is in the Print Room [1873, 0809, 1561, kept with portraits of Queen Caroline]. A cavalcade, headed by the Princess of Wales on an ass and riding next to Bartolommeo Bergami, who is on a spirited horse, enters Jerusalem. Willy Austin rides a pony, a man walks beside him. Behind the Princess is Lt. Howman. This cut was used again on the title of 'Extracts from the Pilgrimage of St. Caroline', pub. W. Wright, 1821. As the public exhibition of Carloni's picture shows, the Queen's supporters advertised the expedition to Jerusalem; when the tide turned, it contributed to her discredit. See BM Satires Nos. 14015, 14121, 14129, 14189, 14196.
The Publisher’s details are printed at the foot of the page: “London: Printed for W. Wright, 46 Fleet Street. 1820 Price One Shilling.” On the verso:
“London: Printed by W. Shackell, Johnson’s Court.”
The Preface on the opening page states: “Lest the reader should be scandalized by the ideas which the following cuts may suggest, the Author thinks it necessary to say, that he has in this work, with the most scrupulous nicety, purified details which have been from day to day for three weeks legally and necessarily brought before the public eye.” [With reference to Caroline’s “trial” and the so called “Bill of Pains and Penalties.”
2. BM Satires 13919. “The Embarkation.” The Princess runs towards a boat (left) waiting to take her to a ship, the 'Jason'. She holds a large bag inscribed '£35.000' and turns to wave farewell to a group on a low cliff. She departs (in 1814): 'Disgusted with this formal nation.' See No. 13797.
3. BM Satires 13920. “Hiring.” Seated in a chair the Princess engages Bergami, a ragged courier who bows low. Beside her stands a man on crutches. See BM Satires No. 14183, &c.
4. BM Satires 13921. “Riding Post.” The Princess ogles her postilion, Bergami, who rides one of a pair of ponies drawing a two-wheeled chaise.
5. BM Satires 13922. “A rural walk.” The Princess slyly takes the lapel of Bergami's coat; he wears a footman's livery.
6. BM Satires 13923. “Delicate attentions.”
The Princess and Bergami together in the chaise of BM Satires No. 13921, now covered with an awning. See BM Satires No. 13820.
7. BM Satires 13924. “The Masquerade.” The Princess (almost naked) as the Muse of History, puts a wreath on a bust of 'Messalina'; Bergami, dressed as a Roman emperor, stands by. Against the pedestal leans an open book: 'Messalina, Catalina, Carol'. See BM Satires No. 13890, &c.
8. BM Satires 13925. “New acquaintance.” A sordid room: Bergami introduces the Princess to his relatives. An old woman cleanses the head of a ragged child, a younger woman stands by. See BM Satires No. 13816.
9. BM Satires 13926. “Canvas after election.” The tent on the deck of the polacca. The Princess's feet and Bergami's hand project. See No. 13818.
10. BM Satires 13927. “The bath.”
Bergami throws water into the bath in which the Princess is seated. See BM Satires No. 13819
11. BM Satires 13928. Jerusalem.
From the same block as the title-page illustration BM Satires No. 13918.
12. BM Satires 13929. “Innocent recreation.” The Princess and Bergami, seated together, watch the "dance of Mahomet." This Moorish dance, described as obscene in the pamphlet, was asserted by Granville Sharpe, for the defence, to be harmless (12 Oct.). Parl. Deb., N.S. iii. 563. See BM Satires Nos. 14013, 14119, 14196.
13. BM Satires 13930. “Harmless amusement.” The Princess, seated on Bergami's bed, embraces him. An astonished woman stands in the doorway.
14. BM Satires 13931, “St. Omer's.” The Princess, holding Wood's hand, turns to kiss her hand to the departing Bergami who leans from a coach window. Another coach waits for the Princess. A signpost points to 'Como' and to 'Calais'. See BM Satires No. 13730.
15. BM Satires 13932. “Conscious innocence.”
The House of Lords: Majocchi takes the oath at the bar; the conscience-stricken Queen flees, covering her face. See BM Satires No. 13825. The block was used for the title-page of a satire in verse and prose, pub. Wright, 1820: 'Brazena', by Old Ben of Cambridge (184. a. 6/21).
Lettered at the end of the text, W. Shackell, Printer, Johnson's-court, Fleet-street, London.
The final page carries advertisements for "New Works, Published this Day. By W. Wright, 46 Fleet Street.
c. October 1820
Wood-engraved vignette illustrations to a letterpress pamphlet
- Production date
Height: 208 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 133 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- Description from M. Dorothy George, "Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum" Volume X, 1952.
Bound as part of "Political Tracts Volume 6”. Number 6 of 10 volumes of "Political Tracts" published circa 1819-1822. The pro-government and anti-"radical" tone of this volume’s content contrasts with the pamphlets in the earlier volumes which often satirise George IV, his court and his ministers. In particular, the unflattering representation of Caroline contrasts strongly with pamphlets in the earlier volumes (In particular, see "Political Tracts" Volumes 2 and 3.)
- Not on display
- Associated titles
Associated Title: The new pilgrim's progress; or, a journey to Jerusalem.
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- Prints and Drawings
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