- Museum number
Satirical Pamphlet of 32 pages entitled: 'The Political A, ‘Apple Pie’ or, the Extraordinary Red Book Versified: For the Instruction and Amusement of the Rising Generation.'
Lettered below the title: “For the instruction and amusement of the rising generation. By the author of “The House that Jack Built. With Twenty Three Cuts.”
1. The frontispiece illustration, BM Satires 13588, represents three men standing together: a bloated and tax-collector with ink-bottle attached to his coat writes on a long paper headed 'Tax'; a man with a huge constable's staff holds out a writ inscribed '[E]x Officio', denoting Press prosecutions, see BM Satires No. 11717, &c.; a jailor holds keys.
Lettered below the illustration with the quotation “When shall we three meet again?-Shakespeare” with the publisher’s line at the bottom of the page:
“London: Printed for the Author; and sold by J. Johnston, No 97, Cheapside. 1820. Price One Shilling.”
The pamphlet (by the author of BM Satires No. 13771) lampoons placemen, pensioners, and sinecurists, based apparently on the 'Extraordinary Red Book', see BM Satires No. 11537, and thus out of date, cf. BM Satires No. 13597, and also on Wade's 'Black Book; or Corruption Unmasked', issued in parts in 1819, see BM Satires No. 13277. Reid, No. 4734. Cohn, No. 659. It is written in the form of an illustrated alphabet, each letter is accompanied by a wood engraved illustration and a list of the names of and renumeration given to those receiving incomes from the state, the satirical verses are printed below.
2. BM Satires 13589. 'A-Apple Pie.' A huge pie extends over a table covered with a fringed cloth. The pie is 'bigger, by far, than Lord Arden's big pension'. See BM Satires No. 12781.
3. BM Satires 13590. 'B - Bit it.' The pie is surrounded by fat, greedy bishops on hands and knees, and drawn as pigs. The two in the foreground are identified as Barrington (1734-1826), bishop of Durham from 1791, and Bathurst (1744-1837), bishop of Norwich from 1805, see BM Satires No. 15435.
4. BM Satires 13591. 'C - Cut it.' Lord Cochrane attempts to snatch a section of pie inscribed '6000' from the Duke of Cumberland. For Cochrane's casting vote against the grant to the Duke on his marriage see BM Satires No. 12591.
5. BM Satires 13592. 'D - Divided it.' The Duke of York, in regimentals, marches from right to left, clasping a section of pie inscribed '10,000'. A sign-post points 'To Windsor'. See BM Satires nos. 13214, &c., 13610.
6. BM Satires 13593. 'E-Envied.' Erskine, in wig and gown, stands beside the pie, holding a broom (see No. 12716). He puts to his mouth a spoon in which are a sealed patent and a mace. A satire on Erskine's pension as former Chancellor, see BM Satires no. 10714, &c.
7. BM Satires 13594. 'F-Fought for it.' An old woman seated in an arm-chair bites at a large round fragment inscribed '1200'. "And old Widow Fox, like the famous 'Jack Horner' Did eat her plumb-pudding, and sleep in the corner." A satire on the pension to Fox's widow, cf. No. 10697; see 'Black Book', 1820, p. 41.
8. BM Satires 13595. 'G- Got it.' Gifford, the Attorney-General, clasps a cannon inscribed '6000' and labelled 'Ex Officio' [see No. 11717, &c.]. His salary is so given in the 'Black Book'.
9. BM Satires 13596. 'H-Had it.' Lady Hertford, with three ostrich feathers in her hair, haughtily takes a misshapen pie from a man concealed behind a curtain (left), whose leg is unmistakably the Regent's. The verse reads Lord Hertford: “Had three thousand pieces, with nothing to do, But how much HIS LADY had nobody knew.”
10. BM Satires 13597. 'J-Joined at it.' A man holding a bunch of keys partly hides his face by a huge piece of pie inscribed '5000', while a fat bishop gloats over a piece inscribed '3300'. They are William Jones, Marshal of the King's Bench prison, whose income from fees &c. is given as £5,000 in the 'Black Book', and Dr. William Jackson, bishop of Oxford (d. 1815). In the 'Black Book' the bishop of Oxford, value of see £3,500, is correctly given as Edward Legge.
11. BM Satires 13598. 'K-Kept it.' The Duke of Kent stands before a lottery wheel inscribed 'Kentish Lottery' holding a fragment inscribed '31,205'. His income is so given in the 'Black Book' with a note that he is preparing to dispose of his property by a lottery in order to pay his debts. The proposal was made in the Commons, by Alderman Wood, but withdrawn on the disapproval of Ministers. See 'Parl. Debates', xl, 1508-14 (5 July 1819). The Duke died on 23 Jan. 1820.
12. BM Satires 13599. 'L -Long’d for it.' Liverpool walks in profile to the right, with a pen behind his ear, carrying across his shoulder a huge rolled document inscribed 'Treasury'. A purse inscribed '13,100' hangs from his pocket. A milestone is inscribed 'To Liverpool'. His accumulated fees of office are so given in the 'Black Book'.
13. BM Satires 13600. 'M- Mourn’d for it.' A lady rides a cantering horse with a bundle inscribed '1.600' behind her saddle. She is Louisa, Countess of Mansfield (1758-1843), who was deputy ranger of Richmond Park, with a salary of £1,600 according to the 'Black Book'.
14. BM Satires 13601. 'N-Nodded.' Fletcher Norton stoops to pick up coins and put them in his top-hat. He collects his fees (£2,865) as a Baron of the Exchequer of Scotland.
15. BM Satires 13602. 'O-Open’d it.' An officer stands in a fencing posture, thrusting his sword through a fragment of pie inscribed '1,559'. He is Lt.-Gen. Sir Hildebrand Oakes (1754-1822) with an alleged salary of £1,559 as Lt.-General of the Ordnance. See the Dictionary of National Biography.
16. BM Satires 13603. 'P-Peep’d into it.' The Regent, in uniform, stands with right hand extended; his cocked hat in his left hand, which is on his hip. The amount of his share is 'unknown'. The text reads:
“Now, amongst all the persons who peep'd at this Pie
A strange motley group, called "The People", pass'd by;
. . . "What have 'Peasants' to do
"With a Pie, but to work hard, that others may chew?"
17. BM Satires 13604. 'Q-Quartered it.' Two men in court suits, with long rods of office; one pokes his rod into the pie, the other has spiked a fragment on his rod. They are George Quarme, usher of the Black Rod, House of Lords, salary £2,000 according to the text, £200 in the 'Black Book', and Robert Quarme, gentleman usher of the Green Rod to the Order of the Thistle, salary £100.
18. BM Satires 13605. 'R-Ran for it.' A fat bishop, losing his wig, tugs at the coat-tails of one of three men who race, holding spoons; the other two have fallen. He is Ryder, bishop of Gloucester, competing with two Robinsons and two Roses, i.e. F. J. Robinson, Treasurer of the Navy (£3,000), Sir F. P. Robinson, Governor of Tobago (£1,300), W. S. Rose, Clerk of the Exchequer of Pleas (£2,137), B. [i.e. G.] H. Rose, Ambassador at Berlin (£6,677) (both sons of 'Old Rose', d. 1818, see vols, vi-ix).
19. BM Satires 13606.'S-Sighed for it.' Three princesses stand by the pie. They are Princess Sophia, Princess Sophia Augusta (i.e. Augusta Sophia), and their cousin, Princess Sophia of Gloucester (Sophia Matilda, b. 1773). Their quotas are allegedly £7,000, £9,000 and £9,000.
20. BM Satires 13607. 'T-Took it.' Two men sweep the surface of the (intact) pie, one with a broom, the other with a short brush. They are Lord Talbot (1777-1849), Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland (£30,000), and Lord Thurlow (see No. 12338), with sinecures (Chancery) amounting to £6,713.
21. BM Satires 13608. 'V-Viewed it.' Vansittart, in his Chancellor of the Exchequer's gown, carries the pie; an elderly lady, a fat parson, and two other men wait expectantly. Vansittart gets £7,500, Caroline Vernon, Maid of Honour to the (late) Queen, £300, William Vyse, Archdeacon of Coventry and Rector of Lambeth, £1,700.
22. BM Satires 13609. 'W-Wished for it.' James Watson, his elbows sticking out, and with a medicine bottle in his pocket, spits at the pie:
“But some persons thought that the nasty old elf,
Only did it to have the whole pie to himself:”
23. BM Satires 13610. 'Y-Yawned over it.' John Bull, a 'cit' in tattered clothes with empty pockets, stands despondently over the empty dish. York (see No. 13592) had so much pie that none was left for 'poor old John Bull... nor for X, nor for Z'.
Lettered at the end of the pamphlet: “A Owen. Printer, Doctor’s Commons.”
Wood-engraved vignette illustrations to a letterpress pamphlet
- Production date
Height: 217 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 141 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
Description from M. Dorothy George, 'Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum.' Vol X, 1952.
Bound as part of 'Political Tracts Volume 4' a compilation of political pamphlets published circa 1819-1822, number 4 of 10 volumes. See 'Political Tracts Volume 8' for another edition.
(Description and comment from M. Dorothy George, 'Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum', X, 1952)
The satire is based on the "Extraordinary Red book" See BM Satires 11537 and therefore slightly out of date, cf. BM Satires BM Satires No. 13597, and also on Wade's 'Black Book; or Corruption Unmasked', issued in parts in 1819, see BM Satires No. 13277. [It may owe something to the 'Public Purse' pie in Peacock's 'Melincourt' (1817), shared by Canning, Croker, Jeffrey, Southey, and Wordsworth.] BM Satires No. 13598 shows that it was written before the Duke of Kent's death.
It purports to be 'by the author of the Political House that Jack Built' (No. 12392, &c.), but Hone advertised that 'perceiving the multitude of attempts at Imitation and Imposition . . . he has not suffered, nor will he suffer, a line of his writing to pass into the hands of another bookseller', 'Examiner', 23 Jan. 1820. Many persons are pilloried in the text besides those mentioned below. The woodcuts, Nos. 13588-610, are by G. Cruikshank. (Reid, Nos. 2986-3008.) See also No. 13611, &c.
Reid, No. 4734. Cohn, No. 659.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Associated with: Shute Barrington, Bishop of Durham
Associated with: Henry Bathurst, Bishop of Norwich
Associated with: Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald (known as Lord Cochrane)
Associated with: Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover
Associated with: Frederick Augustus, Duke of York and Albany and Bishop of Osnabrück
Associated with: Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine
Associated with: Elizabeth Bridget Fox
Associated with: Robert Gifford, Baron Gifford
Associated with: George IV, King of the United Kingdom
Associated with: Francis Ingram Seymour, 2nd Marquess of Hertford
Associated with: Isabella, Marchioness of Hertford
Associated with: William Jackson, Bishop of Oxford
Associated with: William Jones Esq.
Associated with: Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Associated with: Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
Associated with: Louisa Murray, Lady Stormont and Countess of Mansfield
Associated with: Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley
Associated with: Sir Hildebrand Oakes
Associated with: Robert Quarme
Associated with: George Quarme
Associated with: Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon
Associated with: Major-General Sir Frederick Philipse Robinson
Associated with: George Henry Rose
Associated with: William Stewart Rose
Associated with: Henry Ryder, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry
Associated with: Princess Augusta Sophia
Associated with: Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester
Associated with: Princess Sophia
Associated with: Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot
Associated with: Edward Thurlow
Associated with: Nicholas Vansittart, 1st Baron Bexley
Associated with: Caroline Smith
Associated with: William Vyse
Associated with: James Watson
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