- Museum number
Political Pamphlet entitled "The Man in the Moon &c. &c.&c." consisting of 16 pages and 10 woodcut illustrations, subtitled as:
"A speech from the Throne to the Senate of Lumataria In the Moon." The pamphlet is written in verse as a parody of a speech.
1. Title Page Vignette [BM Satires 13508]: "The Man in the Moon &c. &c.&c." in bold text above the image with quotation from Cymbeline below in italics:
"If Caesar can hide the sun with a blanket, or put the moon in his pocket, we will pay him tribute for light."
The illustration shows the Regent, standing in back view, within a circle representing the moon, trying to put out the sun by holding up a tattered blanket on the point of his sword. The sun, a circle enclosing a tiny printing-press is irradiated, the rays striking the heavy clouds round the much larger moon. A comet rushes down towards the Regent, its head a cap of 'Liberty', its tail 'Reform'. The Regent wears uniform with cavalry boots, his cocked hat with three peacocks' feathers. He addresses the Lords who are represented by (Garter) stars with legs.
Lettered below the image with the publication line: 'London: printed by and for William Hone, 45, Ludgate Hill. 1820. One shilling.'
2. "Introduction" [BM Satires 13509]: The Regent's state-coach, topped by peacocks' feathers, passes through St. James's Park, surrounded by Life Guards with drawn swords. Four footmen stand behind clasping each other's waists as in BM Satires 13288. A hooting crowd is represented by two Radicals, a woman, and a starving child.
3. Tailpiece to Introduction [BM Satires 13510]: The Regent sits like a stuffed guy on 5 November in a carrying-chair, grasping his speech. The shafts are held by Sidmouth (with clyster-pipe) and Castlereagh (with scourge). The Regent is inset in a crescent moon. Verso: A pencil sketch in reverse by G.C.
4. "The Speech" [BM Satires 13511.] The Royal Arms burlesqued, the crown toppling off. The quarterings are divided by chains and a padlock. The leopards are skeleton dogs, muzzled. The Irish harp is completely broken. The motto, 'Honi Soit...' is inscribed on cannons. The supporters are, dexter, a savage lawyer, shrieking frantically, and sinister, a centaur, with the torso and head of a Lancer. There is a background of writhing bayonets and spears. (Comment: A satire on the addition to the Army to protect life and property announced in the Speech, and on militarism in general.)
5. "Johnny Mooncalf's back, who is, you know, a very willing hack."
[BM Satires 13512] John Bull, with shackled legs and padlocked mouth (cf. BM Satires No. 13287) hobbles on broken crutches which are patched up by 'Credit' and 'Bank Notes' [see BM Satires 13198, &c.]. He bends under a huge burden to which Vansittart (left), seated on Castlereagh's shoulders, is about to add another big package. More bundles are ready on the ground.
6. "Steel lozenges will stop their pain."
[BM Satires 13513.] Infantry ram bayonets and swords down the mouths of starving radicals, kneeling or prostrate. A woman, still standing, staggers back, dropping a staff with a cap of Liberty. The soldiers have a flag on which is a crown made of a skull and surrounded by bones. (Comment: 'Steel lozenges' were a notorious quack remedy, see BM Satires 11711; cf. 13763, 14006.)
7. "Holy compact and alliance."
[BM Satires 13514.] Liberty, her hands tied behind her, stands on a funeral pyre made of a printing-press. The sovereigns of Europe dance in a ring round the flames. The Regent, in back view, is between Ferdinand VII, wearing a Jesuit's biretta and an embroidered petticoat (see BM Satires. 12508), and the Devil, also wearing a biretta. The others are (left to right) the Pope, Louis XVIII, Frederick William III, Francis I, the Tsar. (Comment: The Speech referred to the 'friendly disposition' of foreign powers. England had not joined the Holy Alliance (1815), see BM Satires 14113, &c.)
8. "To check the circulation of little books."
[BM Satires 13515.] Liberty tries to defend a printing-press from the attacks of Castlereagh with axe and noose, of Canning with a dagger, and of Sidmouth with a heavy chain and padlock. (Comment: The 'Little Books' are Hone's illustrated pamphlets. For the Press Acts see BM Satires 13287, 13504, &c.)
9. The Regent fires at a cap of Liberty
[See BM Satires 13516.] Seated on Sidmouth's back the Regent aims a bursting blunderbuss at a winged cap of 'Liberty'. Castlereagh, with a scourge in his pocket, puts his hands on his shoulders.
[BM Satires 13517.] Three huge peacocks' feathers (see BM Satires 13299, &c.) symbolize the Regent. One projects from a 'Post' ['Morning Post'], one from the horn of a newsvendor with a sheaf of the 'Courier' under his arm, one from a syringe worked by 'Slop' (with a medicine-bottle so labelled), i.e. Stoddart, editor of the 'New Times', see BM Satires. 14207, &c. A dog befouls a (carved) sun, emblem of the 'Sun' newspaper. An attack on the Ministerial Press. Cf. 13729.
- Production date
Height: 220 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 138 millimetres (approx. page size)
- Curator's comments
- (Description and comment from M. Dorothy George, 'Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum', X, 1952)
Bound as part of "Political Tracts Volume 1." A compilation of satirical and political pamphlets published circa 1819-1822, one of 10 volumes.
The pamphlet (mentioned in BM Satires 13677) burlesques the Regent's Speech on opening Parliament, 23 Nov. 1819, and satirizes the Six Acts then foreshadowed, see BM Satires 13504, &c. It is effectively illustrated by G. C.'s woodcuts,BM Satires 13508-21; the last four illustrate two poems indicated by '&c' in the title. The dedication is to Canning (an object of hatred to Reformers): 'by his parodies, his pistols and his wits, fighting and writing his way to place and profit . . .', reprinted 'Examiner', 23 Jan. The 'Examiner', 16 Jan., called it 'Another admirable "little book" from the shop of Mr. Hone . . . It's caricatures . . . are as abundant in meaning, and better drawn than Gilray's—and the letter-press is worthy of them.' It reached a 51st edition in 1821. See Wickwar, 'Struggle for the Freedom of the Press, 1819-1832', 1928, p. 131 f. For counter-pamphlets and imitations see BM Satires 13522, 13635, 13648, 13693.
Reid, 3035-48. Cohn, 527, 661. 'Black Dwarf', iv. 70-2 (19 Jan.). Depicted in BM Satires 14049. Reissued, 'Hone's Facetiæ', 1827.
The verse satire is attributed to Hone, but not by him, though the Carol (BM Satires 13518), &c. are. Hone, 'Facetiæ', 1827, p. vii.
Title page states "15 cuts" but there are only 10 illustrations in this edition.
For a pen and ink study of the tailpiece BM Satires 13517, see: 1868, 0808.12938.
- Not on display
- Associated names
Representation of: George Canning
Representation of: George IV, King of the United Kingdom
Representation of: Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth
Representation of: Ferdinand VII, King of Spain
Representation of: Louis XVIII, King of France
Representation of: Frederick William III, King of Prussia
Representation of: John Stoddart
Representation of: Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh and 2nd Marquess of Londonderry
Representation of: Nicholas Vansittart, 1st Baron Bexley
Representation of: Pope Pius VII
Representation of: Alexander I, Tsar of Russia
Representation of: Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Francis I, Emperor of Austria
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
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