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Garrick delivering a scene from Macbeth to the Duke of Parma after the painting by Longhi (Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool); the actor, to right, throwing out his right hand as he speaks, his left hand on his knee which is hooked over the arm of his chair; masks of tragedy and comedy beneath his chair, a small dog beside him, and Fame hovering behind. Further to the right, a gentleman stands his arms outspread in admiration, another sits in the centre, his back to the viewer, gesturing as if to introduce Garrick to the elegant ladies and gentlemen sitting as an audience in two rows on the left.
- Production date
Height: 483 millimetres (image (sheet trimmed almost to the image))
Width: 614 millimetres (image)
- Curator's comments
- The description above and the following note are based on R. Broadley, cat. no 27, in "Every Look Speaks: Portraits of David Garrick" (exhibition catalogue, Holburne Museum of Art, Bath, 2003). In the spring of 1764 Garrick performed extracts from the dagger-scene in Macbeth to the Duke of Parma and guests including Earl Spencer and the Duke of York. There is no evidence that Longhi was present at the performance, and it is likely that the painting was commissioned after the event by an English member of the audience who would have taken it back home with him.
When the present print was published, the subject was described as "Garrick in the Green Room" and the composition described in a pamphlet by George Daniel: "Garrick in the Green Room! a Biographical and Critical Analysis of a Picture, painted by William Hogarth, and engraved by William Ward". (London: James Webb Southgate, 22, Fleet Street. 1829); the frontispiece was a reduced copy of the print, with a key. Austin Dobson ("William Hogarth", 1902, p.179) stated that the painting had belonged to the collector Samuel Addington and was sold in 1886 for £84. The atrribution to Hogarth was accepted until 1933 when a related drawing inscribed "Longhi" was identified in the Correr Museum, Venice.
For the key which (wrongly) identifies members of the audience as some of the company of the Theatre Royal Drury Lane, see 2010,7081.5193; for an unfinished state with the faces generally younger, see 2010,7081.5190; for a state after faces aged, before lights added in the eyes, see 2010,7081.5191; for a state with production details, see 2010,7081.5192; for a state with title added, see 2010,7081.7526
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Annotated in pencil on the verso 'Library 1871 b. 12/2'.
1856,0308.1296 to 1328 (with the exception of 1306) are all recorded as 'paid for by Mr Carpenter' which implies that he had purchased them on his own account against re-imbursement by the BM.
- Prints and Drawings
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