- Museum number
- Object: Six medallions shewing the chief national servises of his new friends the old ministry | Inscribed to E[ar]l T[empl]e
Satire on political events from 1763 to 1765 addressed to Earl Temple after his transfer of allegiance from William Pitt (in power until October 1761 as Secretary of State for the Southern Department with the Duke of Newcastle as First Lord of the Treasury) to George Grenville (First Lord of the Treasury from April 1763-July 1765). A series of six circular medallions show events supported by Grenville:
"Glorious Peace" with Britannia naked to the waist and forced to her knees by Lords Mansfield and Bute ("Stoop you Bitch") pressing the royal coat of arms, in reverse, on her head, watched by female representations of France and Spain; Britannia lets fall from two cornucopiae territories that were returned to those countries after the Peace of Paris signed in February 1763;
"Drive & guide" with Britannia crawling over stony ground ridden by Scotia who beats her naked buttocks with a thistle while Bute whips her on; Scotia assures Bute, "Drive on Sawney I'le guide" while Britannia complains that Scotia's "Petticoats blind me";
"America Stamped", a female representation of America, holding a tomahawk, is held down by Bute while Grenville weilds a mallet and a "Stamp" to mark her face; he says, "the Bitch Rebels", to which Bute replies, "force her";
"Extension of Excise" in which Grenville is cutting down an apple treee while the devil as an exciseman gauges a barrel of cider;
"Weather-cocks and rushes" with three poles surmounted by weather vanes in the form of the heads of political figures rising from rushy bases; on the left "Weather Cock at the Towns end" its base lettered, "I turn to the Wind that grinds most grist to my Mill"; the head, surmounted by a windmill appears to be that of Charles Townshend; in the centre, "The Temple Weather Cock", with Temple wearing a fool's cap; on the right, "The York Weather Cock" with the Lord Chancellor's purse and mace lying on the ground below and the Janus head of Charles Yorke;
"General Warrants" with Lord Mansfield as Judge Jeffreys holding a pistol and dark lantern, his cloak lettered, "long life to Jefferies", trampling on "Magna Carta", "Rights of Juries" and "Liberty of Press"; on the left, a "Printer" and a "Publisher" stand in the pillory; on the right, the Tower of London is labelled, "Tower for Poor Wilk[e]s"; above are "Rewards for Patriotism by Jefferies", a knife, a head with "slit nose" and "crop ears", a gallows from which hang two men, and manacles.
- Production date
- 1765 (circa)
Height: 284 millimetres (cropped)
Width: 191 millimetres (cropped)
- Curator's comments
- According to the History of Parliament, "Charles Townshend, for brilliancy and fickleness unsurpassed in a generation neither dull nor steadfast, effectively contributed to the political confusion of his time, and died without positive achievement to his credit, but leaving behind the burden of his American measures: the upshot of the only policy which he had steadily pursued. Admired but not esteemed, trusted and believed by no one ..."
The purse and mace lying below Charles Yorke's Weather Cock are probably to be explained by the fact that from 1762 onwards it had seemed likely that he would be appointed Lord Chancellor; he finally took the office just days before his death in 1770.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- 1849,1003.1 to 100 were purchased by A E Evans at the 3rd part of the Stowe sale (collection of the Duke of Buckingham) on 7-8 August 1849. The lots purchased were 258, 261, 266-7, 269-70, 273 (all of caricatures), and lot 24 (sea fights)
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number