- Museum number
Two designs for a chapel (Entrance of the Chapel of S Giovanni, Siena Cathedral ?); with decorative friezes and figures over the arch
Pen and brown ink and brown wash
Verso: Design for the same chapel
Pen and brown ink, with some red chalk markings
Pouncey & Gere 1962
The altar and figure of Christ (the latter probably a statue, since it seems to stand on a base on the altar) are seen through an arch ("[ba] 6 2/3" high, "[ba] 3 1/3 " wide; width of small pillars forming jambs of archway "d 6 2/3"; height of their capitals "d 6 1/3"; width of arch-moulding "d 6"), flanked on either side by a detached Corinthian column and a pilaster (base "d 6 2/3" high; shaft "ba 5"; capital, inscr. "alto el capitello d 15 1/3"; radius of column "d 8"; width of plinth "d 20"; distance between pilaster and centre of horizontal section of column "d 13 1/3"). These stand on pedestals (base "d 5 1/3" high; dado "b° uno" or "d 24" high, "d 20" wide; cornice "d 4" high). An entablature with a heavy cornice (architrave "d 6 2/3" high, frieze "[b°] 1/3" high, cornice "1/2 b°" high) breaks forward over the columns. This is surmounted by an attic, the base of which ("1/2 b°" high) breaks forward, following the entablature, to form a support for four statues (inscr. "queste figure faccinsi alte ba 2 3/4 in tre ba"). These evidently represent four of the Liberal Arts, since of the two in front, one holds a polyhedron ('Geometria') and the other a tablet inscr. with arabic numerals ('Arithmetica'). The upper part of the attic consists of a recessed central section, enclosing a panel of a classical battle-scene (panel and moulding together "ba 2 2/3" high). The projecting side-sections form bases for two figures of angels which flank a statue on a three-stepped base of S. Luke seated, writing (height, including base, "ba 2 1/2", of steps alone "1/3 b°").
The height, to the top of the cornice, is given by Peruzzi as "ba 8 et 2/ di oncia".
The figure of Christ stands inside a curved round-headed niche at the back of the altar. The archway is flanked by square pillars, each containing five rectangular panels, in three of which figures are indicated, while two others are inscr. "estorie". The attic consists of a recessed central section enclosing a panel with what looks like an antique sacrificial scene. The projecting side-sections contain curved round-headed niches with statues of women (the one on the left. naked to the waist). Above the cornice a seated figure of S. Luke painting, on a three-stepped base, rests on a fourth, longer, step, which breaks forward over the projecting side-sections to support pairs of statues. A polyhedron at the feet of one of these suggests that they also are intended as four of the Liberal Arts.
Verso. The main part of the structure consists of a shallow, curved, round-headed niche flanked by square pillars, the capitals of which are formed by an entablature-like moulding which is carried round the base of the ribbed half-dome. The altar and statue are placed inside an arch, the frame of which reaches as far as this moulding. The dimensions of this smaller arch are given as "ba 6 2/3" high, "ba 3 1/3" wide (precisely those given in recto A). Another measurement, "ba 2 [1/2?]", cancelled in the same red chalk, refers to the distance between the level of the spring of the arch, marked by a horizontal line, and its top. Standing figures, with arms extended, are in the spandrels. The attic is formed by a long panel containing a composition of several figures, flanked by what appear to be statues. The whole is surmounted by a triangular pediment on which are three upright objects, either statues or (perhaps more likely) candelabra.
- Production date
Height: 207 millimetres
Width: 281 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Exhibition catalogue: 'Italian 16th and 17th Century Drawings', Tokyo/Nagoya, 1996, No 10.
Pouncey & Gere 1962
Formerly ascribed to Jacopo Sansovino; the attribution to Peruzzi is due to Popham.
On the recto cast shadows are indicated, which suggest that the structure was envisaged as standing against a flat wall, presumably inside a church. From the figures of S. Luke and the Liberal Arts, this would have been the chapel of a confraternity of artists. There is no reference in the literature, nor is any other drawing known to us, which throws light on what must have been an important project; the total height of recto A is 'ba 14, d 2', about 25 feet. The placing and number of the storie in recto B would seem to show knowledge of the sculptured panels by Jacopo della Quercia on the pillars of the main doorway of S. Petronio, Bologna; the style of the drawing is compatible with a dating during or after Peruzzi's Bolognese period, 1521-3.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1975/6 Aug-Jan, London, Hayward Gallery, 'Palladio'
1996 Feb-Apr, Tokyo, Nat Mus Western Art, Italian Drawings/BM, no.10
1996 Apr-May, Nagoya, Aichi Pref Mus of Art, Italian Drawings/BM, no.10
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number