- Museum number
- Series: Victoires et Conquêtes de l'Empereur de la Chine
Plate 14 from a set of sixteen plates; scene at the Wumen (Meridian Gate), the southern gate of the Imperial Palace in Peking in 1760; to right, in an open gallery forming part of a pavilion at the top of the gate, the Qianlong Emperor and attendants watch the scene in the courtyard below; here, three groups of men kneel on a pathway facing the gate, one man holding up a bag with the head of Khoja Jihīn (in Chinese Huojizhan) known as the Younger Khoja; with imperial bodyguards and figures playing music, in attendance. 1767-1774
Etching and engraving
- Production date
Height: 570 millimetres (plate-mark)
Width: 923 millimetres (trimmed to plate-mark)
- Curator's comments
- Plate 14 is often titled in modern literature: Presentation [to the Emperor] of the prisoners from the pacification of the Muslim tribes; On offre [à l'Empereur] les prisonniers [faits lors] de la pacification des tribus musulmanes. None of the plates in the original edition was ever lettered with a title.
The subject is the ‘xianfu’ ceremony of the presentation of captives, presided over by the Emperor, a traditional military ritual and a form of victory celebration reserved for victories. The event took place at the Wumen (Meridian Gate) of the Forbidden City in 1760, following the victorious end to the East Turkestan campaign. At the event, prisoners were led by a white silken cord tied around their necks, although this is not shown on the print. See Joanna Waley-Cohen, ‘Commemorating War in Eighteenth-Century China’, Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 30, no.4, Special Issue: War in Modern China (Oct. 1996), pp. 869-899.
This print is from a complete set (1848,0205.517 to 532) of the sixteen plates known as 'Victoires et Conquêtes de l'Empereur de la Chine' commemorating the Qianlong Emperor's victories in Central Asia from 1755 to1759. They are in a volume half-bound in leather with marbled boards, with gold tooling and 'CHINESE BATTLES' on the spine. There is also an incomplete set of fifteen prints (1932,0715.46 to 59, including 48*) which includes a proof of Plate 14.
For further information, see the Curator's Comment for 1932,0715.57.
- Not on display
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Victories of Emperor Qianlong 1755-1759
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number