- Museum number
Portrait of Rev Dr Thomas Birch (1705-66), H.L., body turned slightly to l., eyes looking full, wearing gown and bands and white wig. Oil painting on canvas
- Production date
Height: 76.10 centimetres
Width: 63.10 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- The historian and biographer Dr Birch was a friend of Sir Hans Sloane and one of the Trustees of Sloane's will. He was also, in 1753, one of the first elected Trustees of the BM. An energetic Trustee, who acted as Museum Secretary when required, he left many valuable manuscripts to the Museum, for the most part dealing with English history and biography, together with a considerable number of printed books on the same subject and personal papers. His manuscript memoir of Sloane, now in the British Library, provides considerable detail of Sloane's life, much probably acquired direct from Sloane himself.
The portrait is referred to in the List of Paintings.... (1842, 1879) as being in the 2nd compartment of the Eastern Zoological Gallery and is described as 'Rev. Dr Thos. Birch, painted in 1735. Bequeathed by himself). Two portraits of Dr Birch are mentioned in the 1841 list (Nos. 26 and 46). No. 46 was transferred to the National Portrait Gallery in 1879. There is a third portrait of Birch by James Wills in the Royal Society where he was elected a fellow in 1735 ( RS.9643: it was bequeathed by himto the Society in 1766).
The portrait is described in an article in The Times, 27 January 1838 by a writer who is not always accurate: '25. Rev. Dr T Birch. This gentleman was an historian and biographer of the 18th century; he was born a Quaker but took orders in 1705. He wrote a critical and biographical dictionary in the style of Bayle, and was killed by a fall from his horse at Hampstead in January, 1765. He left a large collection of manuscripts ot the British Museum, and although a dull writer may be called a pioneer of literature. Johnson says of him "Tom Birch is as brisk as a bee in conversation, but dull as a torpedo when he has a pen in his hand". The picture is by Brown, and is a likeness.'
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
Eastern Zoological Gallery (1842, 1879)
Dept of Manuscripts, Students Room
On long-term loan to British Library Boardroom
- Examined 2.iv.63. In reasonably sound condition. Surface cleaning required (?).
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Extract from Birch's will (Minutes of the General Meeting gm 559 25 Jan. 1766) '...I give and bequeath to the said Trustees of the British Museum, the Pictures of Sir Nicholas Bacon Lord Keeper, and Hugh Broughton; with my own painted in 1735, now at the head of my first staircase in my House in Norfolk Street, and all other pictures and prints which shall be in my possession at my death, except those as shall be otherwise disposed of by this my will.' (Executor Dr Maty).
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number