- Museum number
Two copper alloy brooches with a high-arched bow and a rounded foot-space. Large four-coiled spring with external chord. Brooches are linked via the external chords by a chain (simple circular links, butted joints). The globe elements and the underside of the catch-plates are ornamented.
- Production date
- 450 BC - 320 BC (circa)
Length: 61 millimetres (brooch 1 (marked))
Length: 55.30 millimetres (brooch 2 (unmarked))
Length: 260 millimetres (chain, approx)
Weight: 34 grammes (total)
Width: 14.50 millimetres (spring, brooch 1 (marked))
Width: 15 millimetres (spring, brooch 2 (unmarked))
- Curator's comments
- Stead and Rigby 1999
Findspot: Courtisols (Marne) (a) 'les Grands Ayeux' or ‘la Garenne de la Motte’.
Morel's excavation started on 21 April 1873, but the site had been discovered sixty years earlier when burials were disturbed during the levelling of the château de la Motte. He was deceived by ancient tree-pits and then found disturbed burials before the first undisturbed grave was located. Morel, L., 1898, ‘La Champagne souterraine’ Reims, 122-8, seems to be the only publication, and the illustrations appeared in the 5th and 6th fascicules of the Album. Smith, R.A., 1925, ‘A guide to the antiquities of the Early Iron Age’ (second edition), London, 65-6.
Grave 2: A woman, orientated E/ W, the grave 1.2 m deep. Morel 1898, 122, illustrates the grave group. The grave contained: ML.1654 - ML.1658, ML.2674, possibly ML.2676, two pots too badly damaged to be reconstructed and bracelet which has not been correlated to any register number.
Context: La Tène I brooches
1. Marzabotto brooches, typical of La Tène Ia (Fig. 1, type Q). The name is widely used (Giessler, R., and Kraft, G., 1941, Untersuchungen zur frühen und älteren Latènezeit am Oberrhein und in der Schweiz, ‘Ber. RGK’ (32), 39; Hodson, F.R., 1968, ‘ The La Tène cemetery at Müsingen-Rain’ (Acta Bernensia, 5) Bern, 35; Kruta, V., 1979, Duchov-Müsingen: nature et diffusion d’une phase laténienne in P.-M. Duval and V. Kruta, ed, ‘Les mouvements celtiques du Ve au Ier siècle avant notre ère’ (École pratique des hautes etudes, 3, hautes etudes du monde gréco-romain, 13), 81) although the example from Marzabotto is not typical (Kruta-Poppi, L., 1975, Les celtes à Marzabotto (Province de Bologne), ‘Etudes Celtiques’ (14), 348). For a distribution of the type see Parzinger, H., 1988, ‘Chronologie de Späthallstatt- und Frülatène-Zeit: Studien zu Fundgruppen zwischen Mosel und Save’ (Quellen und Forschungen zu prähistorischen und provinzialrömischen Archäologie, 4) Weinheim, pl. 147, 2, with list pp. 157-8. The Marzabotto brooch has a high-arched bow whose sides are almost vertical, and a rounded foot-space, and the foot is reverted to be almost parallel with the pin. Large four-coiled spring with external chord.
Bibliography: Morel, L., 1898, ‘La Champagne souterraine’ Reims, pl. 29, fig. 27.
- On display (G50/dc13)
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number