- Museum number
Copper alloy torc with biconical end moulding and a single collar. Body has groups of grooves with hatched triangular shapes between, and four longer lengths of hatched triangles.
- Production date
- 400 BC - 300 BC (circa)
Diameter: 5.10 - 6.20 millimetres (cross-section neck ring)
Diameter: 10.90 millimetres (terminal)
Diameter: 144.80 millimetres
Weight: 103 grammes
- Curator's comments
- Stead and Rigby 1999
Findspot: Marson (Marne)
Morel's report on the excavations at Marson was read at the Sorbonne on 4 April 1874 and again at Châlons-sur-Marne on 27 October 1874. His publication (Morel, L., 1874a, La découverte de sépultures gauloises au territoire de Marson, ‘Mémoires de la société d’agriculture, commerce, sciences et arts du department de la Marne’ (1873-4), 179-94.), virtually identical to the version in Morel, L., 1898, ‘La Champagne souterraine’ Reims, 5-20, is accompanied by the first six plates of the ‘Album’.
(b)'La voie de Lépine'
A huge cemetery at the top of and on the slopes of a hill, extending for almost a kilometre. Morel excavated here between April 1873 and February 1874 and found about 200 burials scattered over about a kilometre, sometimes in groups of four or five. Some graves held more than one skeleton, with two or three burials superimposed, or two side by side. Most graves were orientated west-east, from 1 m to 1.5 m deep, and filled with terre noire, and almost half of them had been disturbed previously. Smith, R.A., 1925, ‘A guide to the antiquities of the Early Iron Age’ (second edition), London, 64-5.
Grave 26: An undisturbed grave group below a skeleton which had been disturbed. A pair of brooches were found (one on each shoulder) but only this one survives. Also found in this grave was ML.1544, ML.1528, ML.1532 as well as three pots found at the feet (none illustrated and not identified), a bronze bracelet on each wrist ((only one is illustrated) correlated with ML.1540 in the Register, but the illustration more closely resembles ML.1444 from Somme-Bionne according to the Register)), four bronze rings, a bronze fitting and an iron ring found above the skull.
Context: Torcs – terminals with biconical end moulding and a single collar
The end face of each terminal has a central straight-sided depression. One of the torcs from Marson (ML.1528) was associated with basket-shaped earrings and a Hallstatt D (Mansfeld F3) brooch, but otherwise the type seems to be La Tène Ia. Examples from Villeneuve-Renneville grave 39 (Hatt, J.-J., and Roualet, P., 1977, La chronologie de la Tène en Champagne, ‘Revue archéologique de l’est et du centre-est’ (28), pl. v, 3, classifying it as La Tène ancienne Ib = latter part of La Tène Ia), Etrechy 'Beau-Regard' grave 4 and Mairy-sur-Marne grave 65 (Bretz-Mahler, D., 1971, ‘La civilisation de La Tène en Champagne (Gallia, supplément, 23), pl. 32, 1).
Bibliography: Morel, L., 1898, ‘La Champagne souterraine’ Reims, pl. 3, fig. 8.
- On display (G50/dc13)
- Exhibition history
2010-2011 19 Nov-22 Aug, Germany, Saarbrucken, Weltkulturerbe Volklinger Hutte, The Celts-Druids, Princes, Warriors.
2009 5 Dec-2010 13 Jun, Belgium, Tongeren, Provincial Gallo-Roman Museum, Ambiorix. King of the Eburones
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number