- Museum number
Copper alloy belt hook in three pieces: (1) T-shaped piece, 26 mm long and 20 mm wide, with three iron rivets, one through the tang to attach it to the leather belt, and two (one apparently with a bronze head) through the cross-piece; (2) part of a bronze hook and hook-plate, 20 mm long, with two central perforations; (3) the binding for the end of the strap, 25 mm wide, that slots over the tang.
Length: 26 millimetres ((1))
Length: 20 millimetres ((2))
Width: 20 millimetres ((1))
Width: 25 millimetres ((3))
- Curator's comments
- Stead and Rigby 1999
Associated with four bronze rings, presumed from the belt: one and half of another were illustrated by Morel, but none can be identified now. Morel, L., 1898, ‘La Champagne souterraine’ Reims, pl. 2, fig. 9 (showing a large bronze rivet head that no longer survives); Leconte, S., 1993, Les agrafes de ceinture ajourées de La Tène ancienne en Gaule, ‘Antiquités Nationales’ (25), 51-79, no. 23. Morel's illustration suggests that the hook-plate had broken at rivet holes intended to attach it to the cross-piece, but those rivet holes cannot be distinguished now, and it seems more likely that the plate was longer. It is an unusual piece, because belt hooks with two superimposed perforations are rare (S. Leconte 1993, no. 21, from Talmon, Charente-Maritime, is the closest parallel) and the riveted hook-plate (possibly a repair ?) cannot be matched.
Findspot: Marson (Marne)
Morel's report on the excavations at Marson was read at the Sorbonne on 4 April 1874 and again at Châlons-sur-Marne on 27 October 1874. His publication (Morel, L., 1874a, La découverte de sépultures gauloises au territoire de Marson, ‘Mémoires de la société d’agriculture, commerce, sciences et arts du department de la Marne’ (1873-4), 179-94.), virtually identical to the version in Morel, L., 1898, ‘La Champagne souterraine’ Reims, 5-20, is accompanied by the first six plates of the ‘Album’.
(b)'La voie de Lépine'
A huge cemetery at the top of and on the slopes of a hill, extending for almost a kilometre. Morel excavated here between April 1873 and February 1874 and found about 200 burials scattered over about a kilometre, sometimes in groups of four or five. Some graves held more than one skeleton, with two or three burials superimposed, or two side by side. Most graves were orientated west-east, from 1 m to 1.5 m deep, and filled with terre noire, and almost half of them had been disturbed previously. Smith, R.A., 1925, ‘A guide to the antiquities of the Early Iron Age’ (second edition), London, 64-5.
Grave 22: The grave contained ML.1513-ML.1515.
Context: Scabbard Suspension; Belt fittings.
Hallstatt D dagger-sheaths and most La Tène I sword-scabbards were suspended from belts and straps, sometimes represented in the graves by metal hooks and rings. Elaborate openwork plates incorporating a hook are well known in Champagne and beyond (Leconte, S., 1993, Les agrafes de ceinture ajourées de La Tène ancienne en Gaule, ‘Antiquités Nationales’ (25), 51-79; Frey, O.-H., 1974, Durchbrochene Frühlatènegürtelhaken aus Slowenien, ‘Situla’ (14/15), 129-142; Frey, O.-H., 1991, Einige Bemerkungen zu den durchbrochenen Frühlatènegürtelhaken, ‘Trierer Zeitschr.’ (13), 101-111). They occur in bronze and iron, and were riveted to the end of a strap, some incorporating a metal binding for the end of the strap. Those from recently excavated graves in Champagne are associated with swords or daggers: Les Rouliers grave 67, Mont Troté graves 23 and 136, Pernant grave 64, Vrigny grave 4; and there are similar grave groups from older excavations: S. Leconte 1993, nos 4, 12, 15, 23, 26, 39 and 40. They are often found with up to five metal rings that are likely to have been involved in the suspension of the scabbard (S. Leconte 1993, figs 11 and 12), and some scabbards are associated with similar rings but no belt hooks (e.g. Rapin, A., 1987, le système de suspension des fourreaux d’epées laténiens au IIe siècle avant J.-C., innovations, techniques et reconstitution du ceinturon in D. Vitali, ed., ‘Celti ed Etruschi’ (Imola), fig. 9, top; cf. also Rozoy, J.-G. 1987, ‘Les celtes en Champagne’ (Mém. Soc. Archéol. Champenoise, 4) 1, Etude, 341-5).
- Not on display
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number