- Museum number
Iron torc. Plain, pennanular, circular form. Sub-circular in cross-section, with flat terminals.
- Production date
- 600 BC - 400 BC (circa)
Diameter: 142 - 149 millimetres
Diameter: 6.00 - 7.40 millimetres (cross-section)
Weight: 102 grammes
- Curator's comments
- Stead and Rigby 1999
Findspot: Marson (Marne)
Morel's report on the excavations at Marson was read at the Sorbonne on 4 April 1874 and again at Châlons-sur-Marne on 27 October 1874. His publication (Morel, L., 1874a, La découverte de sépultures gauloises au territoire de Marson, ‘Mémoires de la société d’agriculture, commerce, sciences et arts du department de la Marne’ (1873-4), 179-94.), virtually identical to the version in Morel, L., 1898, ‘La Champagne souterraine’ Reims, 5-20, is accompanied by the first six plates of the ‘Album’.
(b)'La voie de Lépine'
A huge cemetery at the top of and on the slopes of a hill, extending for almost a kilometre. Morel excavated here between April 1873 and February 1874 and found about 200 burials scattered over about a kilometre, sometimes in groups of four or five. Some graves held more than one skeleton, with two or three burials superimposed, or two side by side. Most graves were orientated west-east, from 1 m to 1.5 m deep, and filled with terre noire, and almost half of them had been disturbed previously. Smith, R.A., 1925, ‘A guide to the antiquities of the Early Iron Age’ (second edition), London, 64-5.
Grave 5: Two skeletons, a woman without grave-goods and a child with: an iron torc (ML.1506) and an iron brooch.
Context: Iron torcs
The iron torc is a Hallstatt D type (Fig. 1, type D), belonging to the earlier stage of the Les Jogasses Hallstatt cemetery: graves 117, 121, 123 (with a tubular bronze torc) and 138. Found in Hallstatt D graves at Charvais grave 44 (with a tubular bronze torc), Marson 'le Plat Savart' grave 2 and Warmériville 'la Motelle' graves 5, 10 and 23, they recur much later in La Tène Ic or La Tène II graves, e.g. Pleurs grave 9 and Flavigny grave 6.
Bibliography: Morel, L., 1898, ‘La Champagne souterraine’ Reims, pl. 2, fig. 2; Déchelette, J., 1914, ‘Manuel d’archéologie préhistorique, celtique, et gallo-romaine’ 2, 3 ‘Second âge du fer ou épogue de La Tène’, Paris, fig. 515, 2.
- On display (G50/dc13)
- Exhibition history
1980, London, BM, Celtic Antiquities from Gaul
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number