- Museum number
Iron socketed spearhead with chipped blade and socket; one end of the rivet visible, the other broken away.
- Production date
- 250 BC - 150 BC (circa)
Diameter: 20.10 millimetres (socket)
Length: 326 millimetres
Weight: 206 grammes
Thickness: 5.70 millimetres (blade)
Width: 56.70 millimetres (max)
- Curator's comments
- Stead and Rigby 1999
In the Register correlated with Marson 'Montfercaut', Morel, L., 1898, ‘La Champagne souterraine’ Reims, pl. 1, fig. 3. But the length is wrong, L 277 mm according to Morel's illustration; the shape of the blade and absence of midrib are wrong; and the relative length of socket to blade is wrong. The piece in the collection that most closely corresponds to Morel's illustration is ML.1688, though it is longer and allegedly from Bussy-le-Château (see below). Charpy, J.-J., and Roualet, P., 1991, ‘Les Celtes en Champagne’ (exh. cat., Epernay, 23/6 - 3/11/1991), 14-15.
The spear was the dominant weapon from Hallstatt D to La Tène lb, found sometimes singly and sometimes in groups of two, three and four spearheads. Eight spearheads are said to have been found in a cart-burial at Epoye (Bosteaux-Paris, C., 1892, Resultats de fouilles aux environs de Reims, ‘Association française pour l’avancement de science’ (II), 614). At Quilly they were by the right foot, pointing into the foot of the grave (graves 8, 12, 15), a position favoured in half the Mont Troté graves with spearheads (graves 23, 98 and 102), whereas at Les Grandes Loges the preferred position was on the left of the skeleton and more usually at the head than the foot of the grave (as at Mont Troté graves 32 and 136, and Vert-la-Gravelle grave 6bis). Spearheads are occasionally found with daggers or swords, and rarely with the remains of shields. In La Tène Ic and La Tène II there was a change in practice with the typical warrior's assemblage comprising a single spear with a sword and shield.
Most spearheads have mineralized wood in the sockets, and seem to have been attached to the shank by an iron rivet (or sometimes perhaps a wooden peg?) that passed through holes in the socket below the wings of the blade. Not many rivets survive intact.
2. Blades similar to those in group 1 (see ML.2427), but the sockets are relatively short. There is a similar piece, but longer (L 434 mm) from Villeneuve-Renneville grave 20 with two smaller spearheads.
- On display (G50/dc13)
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number