- Museum number
A pair of woman's bridal sleeves. Each made from a single piece of natural cream tabby woven cotton cloth; hand woven. Finely embroidered with red/maroon bands alternating with diamond-patterned open-work; worked in white, red, and maroon woollen yarns, green and yellow cotton (?) yarns and gold-coloured metal-wrapped thread; larger scale geometric embroidery above. (Embroidery extends for the entire length of the sleeve on one side.) Four separate blocks of fringing, made from goat hair yarn (?).
- Production date
- 1900-1925 (donor information)
Length: 54 centimetres (a) including fringing)
Length: 56 centimetres (b))
Width: 23 centimetres (a))
Width: 22.50 centimetres (b))
- Curator's comments
- Text from Eth Doc 1892, no. 145: Bridal sleeves, 'tnoka'. Embroidered by village women onto cotton. The sleeves are almost entirely covered in coloured embroidery in red, cherry red, green, white with the addition of gilt braid and thread. The designs are in chain stitch 'sindzati' drawn thread work, 'kinat' and other techniques. The patterns are bands 'potišta', chains 'sindžati', crosses 'krstovi', circles 'kolca', amulets 'moskare', birds 'pilca' and pennants 'bajraci'. The cuffs have long red fringe 'resa'. The Mijaks are a matriarchal societry of Albanian origin. Similar sleeves are found outside the Mijak area in Smiljevo, Debar and others.
See Mladenovic, Vesna 1999, 'Threads of Life: Red Fringes in Macedonian Dress', in Welters, Linda (ed.), Folk Dress in Europe and Anatolia: Beliefs about Protection and Fertility: 97 - 110.
Religion: Macedonian Orthodox.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Obtained for the donor in the 1960s by Živko Firfov of the Folklore Institute in Skopje.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number