- Museum number
Bagpipes ('gajda'), formed of sheepskin (or goatskin) bag (a), chanter in two parts (b-c), blowpipe (d) and drone in three parts (e-g). The pipes made of lathe-turned wood and horn, each with animal horn socket or stock, bamboo reeds for drone and chanter. The drone with incised decoration done with a hot needle, incorporating St Andrew's crosses, human figures and a bird. The chanter inscribed 'lado' with the date 1960.
- Production date
- 20thC (various dates)
Length: 00 centimetres (bag)
Length: 11.50 centimetres (blowpipe)
Length: 1.95 centimetres (chanter, end)
Length: 20.50 centimetres (chanter, section attached to bag)
Length: 45.50 centimetres (drone (e) part furthest from bag)
Length: 21 centimetres (drone (f) middle)
Length: 21 centimetres (drone (g) part attached to bag)
- Curator's comments
- Text from Eth Doc 1892, no. 126: Parts made for different instruments and assembled together - this was not unusual in former times. The component parts are:
1. Sheepskin (or goatskin) bag - Koza.
2. Chanter, consisting of two parts - the part with the melody holes 'gajdulka' and the bottom horn piece which is separate 'roku' (horn). these are joined together by a tin collar. the construction is quite common to the area.
3. Bass drone consisting of three parts. That nearest the bag containing the reed called 'piskarnik', the middle part 'bucala' and the top which has simulated straight horn 'rok'.
4. The mouth piece - 'dubalo'
The skin is used with fur inside. Looking at the bag from the neck opening which has a horn socket for the chanter, that on the right has a horn socket for the drone, and that on the left for the blowpipe. The reeds for both the drone and the chanter are made from bamboo and have knuckles at the top to seal the tube, sometimes reinforced with beeswax. A slit is made downwards from just below the kniuckle to produce a vibrating flap which is tuned by chaving a small ring of cotton, touching with a red hot pin or matchstick and a blob of beeswax. the chanetr has six melody holes which continue accross the metal and onto the horn part. Made of boxwood 'simsir' it has a collar at the top with the word 'lado' (a Roman deity) and the date 1960. There is a very small 'flea' hole at the top which has a piece of quill extending almost to the thumb hole at the back. This is used to embellish the melody. There is a tuning hole in the hormn. there are traces of beeswax in the melody holes which are used for fine tuning. The top part of the drone is of darker boxwood, and is decorated by a red hot pin in three bands of minute triangles separating three bands of design. The top and bottom are of St. Andrew's crosses separated by vertical stripes and the centre has human figures and an unbrella (or spade) and a rooster. It is bound at the top with wire. The middle part is of hardwood, and the end part is very long with a horn or simulated gourd, this si also of hardwood.
Religion: Macedonian Orthodox.
Additional information from donor: the top end of the drone, furthest from the bag, always has a ridge or moulding and is longer than the central part. This gajda lacks the second smaller drone (dubaljo). The donor recalls attending a party given by the Injevo village group when they were appearing at the Bitola festival: 'The piper was playing almost non stop and top give him a drink, one of the lads kept the bag inflated by blowing down the small drone while the piper kept on playing and at the same time drank a bottle of beer.' (letter from Ken Ward 10.6.2010)
Injevo is near the town of Radovis.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Given to the donor in 1975 on his second visit to the village of Injevo in recognition of his help in arranging a group to to participate in the International Eisteddfod in Llangollen the previous year.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number