- Museum number
A woman's front (?) apron; highly decorated, with long fringing. Ground made from black cotton velvet cloth, lined with natural cream tabby cotton cloth. Decorated with large, organic-shaped motifs, outlined with gold-coloured metal strip; couched, using gold-coloured thread wrapped around a yellow cotton core. Laid to give the impression of weaving. Infilling with red, blue, green, lilac and purple woollen thread (with synthetic). Also metal sequins shaped like flower petals with pink wool yarn in centre. Edged at top and sides with purple tabby synthetic ribbon, with cream-coloured synthetic passementerie on top. Very long applied wool fringing: blocks of red (wide); green, blue, maroon and black (narrower); cream yarn (cotton ?).
- Production date
Length: 93 centimetres
Width: 38 centimetres
- Curator's comments
For other parts of this everyday wear see:
4: Kerchief / scarf
Fringed aprons were worn in the Banat region around Timisoara, Western Romania. These two fringed aprons (called 'opreg') were probably intended as a pair, for wear by a young girl, one at the front and one at the back. For an illustration of two aprons worn in this way, See H.M. Formagiu, 'Portul Popular din Romania', Bucharest 1974, p. 187, col. pl. 23, a costume from Banat. Married women worn a straight apron at the front an a fringed one at the back. For examples where the fringed apron is worn at the back, from the Faget region in western Romania, see V. Blaj and E. Grigorescu, 'Zona Etnografica: Faget', Bucharest 1985, pl. 50. For several illustrations of similar aprons from the Timis region, western Romania, see Aristida Turcus, 'Portul popuilar Romanesc din Judetul Timis', Timisoara 1982. See also G. Stoica, 'Evolutia portului popular din satul Sirbova', in Studii si Cercetari, 1970, pp. 165-192, Fig. 1, p. 167, and Fig. 8, p. 174. See also G. Oprescu, 'Peasant Art In Romania', The Studio Special Autumn Number, 1929, frontispiece, a similar apron described as from the Banat.
For a discussion of the 'string skirt' or fringed apron as a symbol of fertility in European clothing, see: Barber, Elizabeth Wayland 1994: Women's Work: the First 20,000 Years: 62-3.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Acquired by the donor in Bucharest before 1923.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number