- Museum number
A woman's apron; rectangular-shaped, part of festive dress. The ground is a fine gauge, weft faced tabby woven cloth, worked in orange wool, broken up with coloured bands of different widths. The widest, a purple band, is embroidered with white and red flower motifs; a lower, narrower band, worked in white, pink, red, green, blue and black wools, has an all-over pattern of diamonds. This type of embroidery, and that on three narrower bands, mimics supplementary weft. The upper section of the apron has been folded (towards the wearer). The top two corners of the apron have been folded over and sewn, and thus hidden. Apron's ties are made of rough cord. The sides and hem are trimmed with black cotton velvet cloth.
- Production date
Length: 64 centimetres
Width: 42.50 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Text from Eth Doc 1836 (entry 3): 'Apron. It consists of one piece of cloth. The weaving technique and decorations are similar to those of the bruchnik. The weft is well-set into the cotton base in even, mainly red stripes and in rows of 'kussani' (Bulgarian equivalent for the English 'torn'.) ornaments along the weft. The 'kussani' patterns are also brané,, i.e. the threads are being first selected (brani, equivalent of the English selected). The three edges of the apron are trimmed with black velvet.
Part of a woman's two-apron festive attire from the village of Komarevo, Pleven district, central north Bulgaria. End of the C19th.'
For other parts of this festive dress, see:
7: apron (back) ('bruchnik' or 'vulnenik')
10: coat (sleeveless) ['klashnik']
The black velvet edging is probably a later addition.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2011 21 Jan-11 Sep, London, British Museum, Room 2, Traditional Jewellery and Dress from the Balkans
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Part of a collection of 347 items given by the Bulgarian Committee for Cultural Relations in 1971, together with a full list describing each item, its manufacture and usage, with general account of Bulgarian costume in the different regions (Eth Doc 1836, pp. 21-25); specific information is given under 'Curator's Comment'.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number