- Museum number
- Object: The Mother of God of the Sign (‘Znamenie’)
Icon; painted; in the centre is the frontal half-length figure of the Mother of God with her hands raised in prayer. On her chest is a medallion containing a bust of Christ Emmanuel holding a scroll and blessing. The Virgin is flanked on either side by the figures of two saints: at left: St Pelagia above the monk saint Daniel Pereslavski; at right: St Anastasia above St Merkurios. The revetment is embossed and chased with symmetrical foliate ornament.
Inscriptions: on the revetment in Greek beside the Virgin's halo: MP ΘV (Mother of God); on Christ's halo: O WN (He Who Is); in Church Slavonic on the revetment above the saints' heads: upper left: ПРЕ[ПОДОБНАЯ] ПЕЛАГИЯ МУ[ЧЕНИЦА] (Reverend nun Pelagia Martyr); upper right: МУ[ЧЕНИЦА] АHАСТАСИЯ (Martyr Anastasia); bottom left: ПРЕ[ПОДОБНЫЙ] ДАНИИЛ (Reverend Daniel); bottom right: СВ[ЯТОЙ] М[УЧЕНИК] МЕРКУРИЙ (St Martyr Merkurios).
Egg tempera and gold, gesso on wood, silver revetment. Openwork.
- Production date
- 1838 (circa)
Height: 31.50 centimetres
Thickness: 2.50 centimetres
Width: 26.80 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- St Pelagia was a virgin martyr (d. c. 311) who threw herself out of a window to preserve her chastity from Roman soldiers. This name subsequently became attached to a 4th-century actress from Antioch who, after her conversion, lived in a cave on the Mount of Olives. Their respective feast days are on 9 June and 8 October. St Anastasia was martyred in the early 4th century in Alexandria. The monk Daniel Pereslavski, one of the godfathers of Ivan the Terrible, was the founder and Father Superior of the Holy Trinity monastery in the early 16th century in Pereslavl’. The choice of these particular saints will have reflected the wishes of the icon’s commissioner and will have been perceived by him or her as protectors of the commissioners’ family. See cat. no. 29 for a discussion of the iconography of this type of Virgin and Child.
Cormack 2007, 34, fig. 19 and 122, no. 39
- Not on display
- Made from a single panel with two inserted battens on the reverse.
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- See 1998,0605.1 Most of the items catalogued under 1998,0605 were acquired by Sir Frank Roberts’ wife, Cella.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: IC 39 (Icon Collection number)