- Museum number
- Object: A Guardian Angel and Family Saints
Icon; painted; the icon is composed of three registers, the upper and lower divided into three frames each. They depict as follows: top row (from left to right): 1) The Mother of God Kazanskaya; 2) The Resurrection of Christ/Descent into Hell; 3) St Nicholas. Middle row: 4) St Florus (Frol); 5) St Modestus; 6) A Guardian Angel in a red mantle and blue robe; 7) St Blaise; 8) St Laurus. Lower row: 9) St George slaying the Dragon; 10) St Paraskeva; 11) St Nikita.
Inscriptions: in Russian in yellow above each image starting from top left:
1. КАЗАНСКИЯ ПРЕ[СВЯТЫЯ] БЦЫ (Kazan Holy Mother of God).
2. ВОСКРЕСЕНИЕ ХРНСТОВО (Resurrection of Christ).
3. НИКОЛАЙ ЧЮ[ДОТВОРЕЦ] (Nicholas the Wonder-Worker).
4. С[ВЯТОЙ] ФРОЛ (St Florus).
5. С[ВЯТОЙ] МОДЕСТ (St Modest).
6. А Н (Guardian Angel).
7. С[ВЯТОЙ] ВЛАСEЙ (St Blaise).
8. С[ВЯТОЙ] ЛАВР (St Laurus).
9. С[ВЯТОЙ] ГЕОРГЕЙ (St George).
10. С[ВЯТЬІЯ] ПАРАСКЕВА (St Paraskeva).
11. С[ВЯТОЙ] НИКИТА (St Nikita)
In Greek on either side of the Virgin: MΡ ΘΥ (Mother of God); on either side of Christ: IC XC; in Christ's nimbus: O WΗ (He Who Is).
Egg tempera on wood.
- Production date
Height: 26.50 centimetres
Thickness: 2.80 centimetres
Width: 22.20 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- This icon represents an old Orthodox tradition whereby selected family saints and popular holy images were shown together on the same icon, where they functioned as heavenly protectors of a family. A great number of 19th-century Russian icons portray a similar selection of saints to this one, especially on the less expensive, mass-produced examples. The martyr saints Florus and Laurus, both popular in the East Christian Empire, were brothers who lived in Byzantium in the 2nd century and worked as stone masons. For their Christian faith they were tortured and killed. St Modestus (d. c. 630) was the Patriarch of Jerusalem at the time of the conquest of Syria and Palestine by Chosroes II and was especially venerated for his defence of Christ’s Tomb during the invasion of Jerusalem in May 614. Blaise (d. c. 316), was thought to have been of bishop of Sebaste in Armenia and was martyred during the reign of Licinius (307–24). There are a number of saints, both martyrs and venerable monks, called Nikita in the Eastern calendar. The most popular was a Goth warrior who was martyred in 372 at a time of Arian heresy. For St Paraskeva, see cat. no. 10.
Cormack 2007, 131, no. 75
- Not on display
- Made from a single convex panel; the panel has been slightly cut down along the upper and lower edges into which are inserted two battens, part of the lower one missing; in the bottom left and right corners, two nail holes; scattered areas of minor damage to the paint surface.
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- See 1998,0605.1 Most of the items catalogued under 1998,0605 were acquired by Sir Frank Roberts’ wife, Cella.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: IC 77 (Icon Collection number)