- Museum number
- Object: The Lamentation/Entombment
Icon; painted; the disproportionately large figure of the Virgin dominates the centre of the icon. She appears to stand behind a sarcophagus in which Christ's body is being covered with a linen shroud by Joseph of Arimathea (left) and Nicodemus (right). Above them are two angels holding red shrouds. In the upper corners are the Instruments of the Passion: a cross (left) and a column with a cock on it (right), referring respectively to the Crucifixion and the Flagellation of Christ.
Inscriptions: in red in Greek beside the Virgin's nimbus: MP ΘV (Mother of God); on the shroud by Christ's halo: ΙC ΧC (Jesus Christ); the remaining Church Slavonic inscriptions in the other figures haloes are almost totally obscure.
Egg tempera, silver and gesso on wood.
- Production date
Length: 515 millimetres
Weight: 3143 grammes
Width: 442 millimetres
Depth: 25 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- This iconography is based on a number of sources, in particular the apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus and the Good Friday homily attributed to George of Nicomedia. It combines elements of various Byzantine compositions including the Descent from the Cross, the Lamentation (Pieta), the ‘Do not cry for Me, Mother’ and the Entombment of Christ.This particular version first appears in Russia on 17th- or 18th-century icons. It combines aspects of the Lamentation and the Entombment in one composition to reflect the words of the canon widely read on the Great Saturday before Easter: ‘I see you, the lover of mankind, dead, reviving the dead, and containing all; my womb hurts fiercely. I would die with you, because I cannot stand to see you dead and breathless’ (Can. 6).
Cormack 2007, 127, no. 60
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2015 15 Sep-10 Jan, USA, Norfolk, Chrysler Museum of Art, Byzantium to Russia: The origins and development of Russian icons 1200 to 1900
2015 30 Apr- 22 Aug, USA, Clinton, Museum of Russian Icons, Byzantium to Russia: The origins and development of Russian Icons 1200 to 1900.
- Made from a single panel; two inserted battens on the back; parts of the silver background and the lettering on the haloes are worn.
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- See 1998,0605.1 Most of the items catalogued under 1998,0605 were acquired by Sir Frank Roberts’ wife, Cella.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: IC 61 (Icon Collection number)