- Museum number
- Object: The Archangel Michael
Icon; painted; the winged figure of the Archangel Michael, wearing gold armour and a red 'himation', stands full-length on a green background. He holds a sword in his right hand and a sheath in his left.
Egg tempera, gesso on wood.
- Production date
Length: 312 millimetres
Width: 250 millimetres
Depth: 20 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- The Archangel’s name means ‘Who is like unto God?’ He appears in the Book of Daniel as one of the chief princes of the heavenly host and as the special guardian or protector of Israel (Dan. 10:13, 12:1). In the Book of Revelation he is the principal fighter of the heavenly battle against the devil. From Early Christian times the Archangel was particularly associated with the care of the sick and it was not until the Middle Ages, in both the East and the West, that he becomes more of a warrior and heavenly protector.
The Museum’s icon replicates the traditional iconography. The closest parallel to it is an icon of the Archangel Michael, signed and dated to Moscow 1898, by the noted Mstera icon painter Joseph Chirikov (Rahmanova and Krasilin 1996, no. 29). Both icons are 19th-century interpretations of a well-known Moscow type which harks back to an early 15th-century icon in the Archangel Michael cathedral in the Moscow Kremlin (Smirnova 1988, fig. 68).
Published: Cormack 2007, 127, no. 57
- Not on display
- Made from a single panel with ‘kovcheg’; two inserted battens on the reverse; the surface of the icon is combined of several fragments of gesso (‘vrezok’) inserted into an older panel of uncertain date; some of the fragments have been artificially aged. There are possibly some remains of the earlier (17th century?) painting under the stylized restoration. This is a typical example of a faked icon.
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- See 1998,0605.1 Most of the items catalogued under 1998,0605 were acquired by Sir Frank Roberts’ wife, Cella.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: IC 57 (Icon Collection number)