- Museum number
Pottery bowl (fragment); Crowland Abbey-type Ware; stamped decoration; traces of brown glaze.
- Production date
- 1050-1200 (circa)
Length: 7.90 centimetres
- Curator's comments
Text from Vince and Jenner 1991:
Crowland Abbey-type bowls are named after a complete vessel found during clearance on the site of Crowland Abbey, Lincolnshire. This vessel was subsequently lost but small fragments of similar vessels are known from 11th- to 12th- century contexts in Oxford, Dublin and Trondheim. The fabric is oxidised, usually with a grey core. Inclusions consist of sparse rounded red clay or iron-rich pellets up to 2mm across and abundant fine quartz sand, up to 0.25mm across. The vessels are glazed inside and out with a glossy brown glaze. Pooling of glaze around the rim of a vessel from Ludgate Hill suggests that they were fired inverted. A vessel of the same/very similar type from the Library site, Kjopmannsgate, Trondheim, also has a pool of glaze at the rim and was probably fired on its side. The glaze appears to have a deliberate brown colourant, presumably iron.
An unglazed bowl in an oxidised red fabric from the Museum of London collection may perhaps be a variant of this type.
The source of Crowland Abbey-type bowls is unknown. The known findspots are scattered throughout north-west Europe and in particular at ports or coastal sites. The fabric gives no clue as to the source and the range of forms and techniques used distinguish these vessels from most other contemporary glazed wares. There is, however, a bowl of similar form but undecorated, made in Stamford ware from the Flaxengate site in Lincoln.
The only vessel form recognised is a hemispherical bowl, decorated with large individual stamps. A later 11th- to 12th-century date is likely.
J.G.Hurst, Cambs. Antiq. Soc., LI (1957), 54; pl.V.
A.Vince and A.Jenner,'The Saxon and Early Medieval Pottery of London', in A.G.Vince (ed), Aspects of Saxon and Norman London 2: Finds and Environmental Evidence, LAMAS Special Paper 12 (1991), 19-119 (111-112; fig. 2.123, no. 303).
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Deposited on loan in 1882 (see Deposit Register I, no 22), and never reclaimed.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number