- Museum number
- Object: Christ ‘Pantocrator’ (‘Gospod Vsederzsitel’)
Icon; painted; Christ ‘Pantocrator' (Almighty or ‘Vsederzsitel' in Russian) is depicted as a half-length figure wearing a white gilded ‘chiton' with a ‘clavus' and a dark blue ‘himation'; he holds an opened gospel book in his left hand and raises his right in a gesture of benediction.
Inscriptions: in Russian on the background above Christ's shoulder: ВСЕДЕРЖИТЕЛЬ (Pantocrator); in Greek besides the halo: ΙC ΧC (Jesus Christ); in the halo: W C (corrupted O WN: He Who Is); on the gospel book an illegible inscription. On the reverse there is a printed label: Van Doren Associates 3800 Washington street San Francisco, California 94118 The Saviour Russian Moscow school 16th century. Another smaller label is inscribed: 5N1593.
Egg tempera, gesso on wood.
- Production date
Height: 28.20 centimetres
Thickness: 2.30 centimetres
Width: 22.20 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- This Christ type, which is known from the Palaeologian period (13th–15th centuries) was continued in both Cretan and Russian icon painting, especially in the Moscow school. The particular arrangement of the blessing hand is a late development in the iconography of this type. The Museum’s icon copies the style of the Moscow school of the 15th and 16th century, a form of imitation which was particularly popular with both Old Believers and collectors in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
See also cat. no. 45.
British Museum Society Bulletin, no. 54 (March 1987), 3
Cormack 2007, 116, no. 16.
- Not on display
- Both the panel and the gesso have been artificially aged; the gesso on the borders is unpainted to create an illusion of old restoration. The paint layer is undamaged and there are traces on the white ‘chiton’ of gilding which has been applied directly to the gesso, again to imitate ancient restoration. There are three battens on the reverse which do not match the size of the icon.
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: IC 16 (Icon Collection number)