- Museum number
Punch bowl and cover; stoneware, grey body with relief decoration of rosettes and stylised leaves rising in asymmetrical clusters from a wave-like band at the base of the bowl; the decoration in blue on a grey ground, the interior of bowl and cover glazed grey; the bowl rests on three legs; the body turned in a mould into which the clay for the relief ornament is pressed; on drying, the relief ornament adheres to the body.
- Production date
1902 (initially designed)
1906-1911 (made circa)
Diameter: 27 centimetres
Height: 19.10 centimetres (bowl)
Height: 12.10 centimetres (lid)
Height: 30.50 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Text from J. Rudoe, 'Decorative Arts 1850-1950. A catalogue of the British Museum collection'. 2nd ed. no.255.
Riemerschmid was among the first artists to contribute to the revival of the Westerwald stoneware industry; see also van de Velde, 'Decorative Arts 1850-1950', Cat. 293 and 354. This punch-bowl, a popular and traditional form, was one of his earliest designs. This model, with stoneware lid, was advertised in Merkelbach's Spezialpreisliste for 'Kunstgewerbliche Gegenstande' of 1905, pl. 82, model no. 1768, as a 'Weinbowle'. It was produced in two sizes, 6 or 11 1 (B. Dry-v. Zezschwitz, 'R. Merkelbach, Grenzhausen und München. Nachdruck der Specialpreisliste 1905', (Westerwalder Steinzug des Jugendstils 1), Munich 1981, 101-2) and was made with matching stoneware cups. It was shown at the Deutsche Kunstgewerbe Ausstellung in Dresden in 1906 (Kunstgewerbeblatt 17, Leipzig 1906, 236, 336), and is illustrated in several contemporary journals between 1904 and 1919. The bowl on its own was sold as a wine cooler. For Riemerschmid's design for the lid, dated 26.1.04 and for full bibliography, see Munich 1982, Munich Stadtmuseum, 'Richard Riemerschmid, von Jugenstil zum Werkbund, Werke und Dokumente', exhibition catalogue, ed. W. Nerdinger, no. 412. Further examples are to be found in several collections in Germany: e.g. E. Klinge, 'Kataloge des Hetjens-Museums Düsseldorf. Deutsche Keramik des 20.Jahrhunderts', 1(A-K) and II (L-Z), Düsseldorf, 1975 and 1978, no. 751; Cologne 1978, Kunstgewerbemuseum, 'Meister der deutschen Keramik 1900-1950', G. Reineking von Bock, no. 436 (collection W. Sahm, Hohr-Grenzhausen); K.H. Brohan II/I, 'Kunst der Jahrehundertwende und der zwanziger Jahre. Sammlung Karl H. Brohan, Berlin. Band II Kunsthandwerk, Jugendstil, Werkbund, Art Deco. Tell I. Glas, Holz, Keramik', Berlin 1976, no. 527. For further discussion and full references, see B. Dry-v. Zezschwitz in Philadelphia 1988, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 'Art Nouveau in Munich', Philadelphia and Munich, .no. 131.
Early examples to 1905 were executed in grey, celadon green and pink; from 1906 to 1907 the grey-blue combination was introduced and this was replaced with brown from 1911 (Munich 1982, 332). The raised decoration was known as 'Fadenrelief (thread relief) because the motifs have raised edges to prevent the colours mingling. For further discussion of the techniques of manufacture, see Wynand, Cat. 332. The foliate decoration combined with the rounded form and tripod feet rely to a greater extent on traditional models than the bold sculptural punch-bowls with abstract decoration created by Albin Miiller (Cat. 213) and Paul Wynand (Cat. 332).
For the bowl with optic mould-blown glass lid, as originally designed, see Deutsche Kunst & Dekoration, Darmstadt xv, 1904-5, 75, 83. The glass version was shown at the Warenhaus Wertheim in Berlin in 1905 (DK&D xvi, 681), together with matching glass cups, and was later exhibited by the Deutsche Werkstatten fur Handwerkskunst, Munich (e.g. DK&D xxll, 1908, 210). The glass liners, lids and cups were made by the Kristallglasfabrik Benedikt von Poschinger. Riemerschmid was co-founder in 1897 of the Vereinigte Werkstatten in Munich. The Deutsche Werkstatten were formed in 1907 as an amalgamation of the Dresdner Werkstatten, for whom Riemerschmid also worked, and another Munich workshop, the Werkstatten fur Wohnungs-Einrichtung.
For further information supplementary to 'Decorative Arts 1850-1950', see Sigurd Schimpf, 'Westerwälder Steinzeug Jugenstil und Werkbund, Sammlung und Schenkung, Helga und Sigurd Schimpf', Keramikmuseum Westerwäld , Höhr-Grenzhausen, 2010.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number