- Museum number
Gold brooch-pendant with filigree enamel, In the centre is an oval jasper intaglio of a laureate male head in profile inscribed in Greek characters (SKYL) with a border of ropework and roundels of blue enamel surrounded by black palmettes. The rectangular frame is ornamented with alternate blue and white enamel roundels while the four surrounding lobes are ornamented with filigree enamel palmettes and scrolls. The loop is decorated with twisted wire circles each with clusters of grains applied to the enamel. At the back is a large oval hair compartment and a cone-shaped pin attachment. The pendant fitting is attached to a hollow tube which slides on and off the brooch-pin to convert the piece to a brooch or pendant as required.
- Production date
- 1860-1870 (circa)
Length: 6.40 centimetres (including loop)
- Curator's comments
- Text from catalogue of Hull Grundy catalogue (Gere et al 1984) no. 967:
The signature on the intaglio is presumably in imitation of the Greek gem-engraver Skylax, one of the antique gem-engravers of the Augustan or later Imperial period whose names and signatures were frequently copied on nineteenth-century engraved gems.
This piece is close in style and technique to a privately owned necklace in a box labelled WHITE & CAMPBELL, 133 NEW BOND St. LONDON, T. WHITE FROM HUNT & ROSKELL LATE STORR & MORTIMER, which is also set with intaglios and 'filigree' enamel (Fig. 80a-c). Possibly imported from Italy and retailed by White & Campbell, this necklace may, nevertheless, have been manufactured in England and enamelled by craftsmen of Italian origin. Similar layered 'filigree' enamel mounts occur on settings of Italian cameos (see 916, a shell cameo of Aurora by Saulini), and on the borders of a number of pieces by Castellani in the Museo di Villa Giulia in Rome. The detachable pendant-fitting and cone-shaped pin-catch are comparable, to those on the pendant by Fiorentini (987), which is certainly of Italian manufacture; the cone-shaped pin-catch is found on jewellery manufactured in Rome, while the pendant-fitting, although less common, is known to occur on other Italian pieces. (Judy Rudoe)
Supplement to catalogue entry:
Pendant with SKYLAX intaglio was bought with the chain now shown with HG cat. 987, the garnet-set wheel-cross pendant. (Charlotte Gere)
- On display (G47/dc11)
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Howard Vaughan, Ross-on-Wye, Herefordshire. Original invoice for £100 to Anne Hull Grundy dated 1.11.1967, described as 'Mid-nineteenth century pendant with intaglio in centre, complete with chain'. Mrs Hull Grundy removed the chain and used it for the wheel cross cat no 987.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: HG.57 (masterlist number)