- Museum number
Circular shallow silver box showing scenes stamped in relief of the expulsion of the Lutherans from Salzburg, Austria. On top is a landscape with three refugees and God in the clouds and a scroll with an inscription. On the base is a man with a book and a bible and people with wagons seen through a doorway and a scroll with an inscription. The box unscrews to reveal: a) stuck to the top a coloured, engraved map of the Archdiocese of Salzburg; b) stuck to the bottom a hand-coloured map of the Duchy of Lithuania; c) five printed and hand-coloured card roundels depicting: the Good Shepherd, the Apostles freed from prison by an angel, two Salzburg protestants with the Archbishop, the execution of Georg Scherer and Protestant refugees. On the reverse of each is a coloured design of fruit.
- Production date
- 1732 (circa)
Diameter: 4.40 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Text from catalogue of the Hull Grundy Gift (Gere et al 1984) no 385:
In 1731-2 thousands of Lutherans were expelled from the Salzburg region by the Catholic authorities and became refugees. Eventually, with the permission of Friedrich Wilhelm 1 of Prussia, many of them settled in East Prussia. One of the key figures in the history of Lutheranism in Salzburg was Joseph Schaitberger (1658-1733), a Lutheran who had been exiled from Salzburg in 1686; he is shown on the box pointing to a book which represents his 'Sendbrief', a popular evangelical work written in Nuremberg.
Boxes containing card roundels commemorating the emigration were made in large numbers; see Roll 1925; Marsch 1975; Marsch 1977; Forschner 1978 (pp.22-31). The top and bottom of the box are nos 111 and XX1 (pp.7-8) in Roll's list. The roundels are nos 1,3,5,6 and 14 of the series printed by Abraham Remshard in Augsburg in 1732, which were probably engraved by Gottfried Rogg (Roll 1925, Series 1, p.11; Marsch 1977, no.71, pp 94-5, 250, col. plate 2). The full set tells the story of the persecution and expulsion of the Salzburg Lutherans together with some Biblical parallels. The map of the Duchy of Lithuania is an error, confusing 'Prussian Lithuania', i.e. East Prussia, where many of the refugees eventually settled, with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Other Salzburg Schraubmédaillen in the British Museum are, in the Department of Medieval and Later Antiquities (now Department of Prehistory and Europe), 90,12-13,14; and in the Department of Coins and Medals, M3363 and 1945,9-4,1. (Timothy Wilson)
- On display (G46/dc11)
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: HG.245 (masterlist number)