- Museum number
Pendant in gilt-metal or silver-gilt filigree in the form of a cross set, under glass, with six painted portrait miniatures on vellum (?): Charles I, Mary II, William III, Anne, George I, George II. The filigree of flattened twisted wire within a plain ribbon wire frame. On reverse: maker's mark. Openwork.
- Production date
Width: 4.90 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Text from catalogue of the Hull Grundy Gift (Gere et al 1984) no 305:
Williamson's tentative attribution of the miniatures to Susan Rosse, who died in 1700, is manifestly wrong (see G.C. Williamson, 'Catalogue of the Collection of Miniatures, the property of J. Pierpont Morgan', London 1906, I, no. 141). The choice of monarchs in the miniatures does not appear to have any political significance, and it seems possible that this cross has been made up to incorporate miniatures originally set in the bezels of finger-rings (see Dalton 1912, nos 1359-77). See also the Queen Anne miniature in the Hull Grundy finger-ring, 308.
No comparable mark is recorded among the London goldsmiths in Grimwade (1976, p.204); however, it is possible that the maker of the cross may have been working outside London. (Timothy Wilson).
Information supplementary to Hull Grundy catalogue:
The maker's initials can be read as TO or as TC. If TO, there is no obvious candidate in
A. Grimwade, 'London Goldsmiths 1697-1837', 3rd ed. 1990. If TC there are two possible candidates in the 18th century: Thomas Crippin, smallworker, mark entered 1779, or Thomas Coombes, smallworker, mark entered 1807. However, the use of an applied label is very unusual for the 18th century. This may perhaps be because of the difficulty of stamping filigree; alternatively it may indicate a date of manufacture in the 19th century, when applied labels for makers marks were more commonly used. Several possibilities are listed in J. Culme, Direrctory of Goldsmiths, Silversmiths . . . 1837-1914', Woodbridge 1987, but they are so similar that it is impossible to choose between them. (J. Rudoe 22.5.2013)
- Not on display
- Damaged and repaired above the bottom miniature.
- Acquisition notes
- S.J. Phillips, 139 New Bond Street, London W1. Original invoice for £300 to Anne Hull Grundy dated 8.3.1977, described as 'Antique filigree cross set with Stuart miniatures, c. 1670'. Later transferred to B.M. from V&A.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number