- Museum number
Plate; hard-paste porcelain; painted in colours in the Kakiemon style after a Japanese original in enamels and gilding with a prowling red lion (Roter Löwe) with a gold-striped coat resembling a tiger opposite flowering bamboo, with later arms of Augustus III as King of Poland; marked.
- Production date
- 1729-31 (circa)
Diameter: 23.40 centimetres
- Curator's comments
This plate (and 1937,0111.1) was in the Saxon Royal collections (Königliche Porzellansammlung) in the Japanese Palace in Dresden, the coat of arms was added after 1779 (A similar pair of dishes with the same arms were in the Hoffmeister Collection). It was part of a table service of at least 163 pieces ordered after an original Japanese plate by Count Carl Heinrich von Hoym and the Paris merchant Rodolphe Lemaire, which were confiscated in 1731 by Augustus the Strong. Many of which were later sold as duplicates. The 1770 inventory of the Japanese Palace lists: 'Eilf Dutzendt und (8.) 5. Stück Teller, mit roth und goldenen Löwen auch einem Bouquetm alt Indianische Mahlerey, 1 1/2. Zoll tief, 9 1/2. Zoll in Diam.' [eleven dozen and (8) 5 plates, with a red and gold lion also a bouquet old Indian painting, 1 1/2 zoll deep, 9 1/2 zoll diam.] (quoted in Claus Boltz, 'Japanisches Palais-inventar 1770 und Turmzimmer-Inventar 1769', in Keramos 153 (1996), p. 74). There is no mention of the arms and there is also mention of them in the 1779 inventory. Augustus the Strong owned two Japanese plates with this pattern, which is actually a tiger, used as sources for the Meissen examples. One of these is now in the collection of the Grassimuseum in Leipzig. See J. Weber, Meißener Porzellane mit Dekoren nach ostasiatischen Vorbildern, vol. II (2013), pp. 290-294 for a full discussion of the pattern, illustrated with an example in the Ernst Schneider Collection, also incised with the Japanese Palace inventory number N=72_/ W, and incised // inside footrim.
Two plates ('Teller') in the Ernst Schneider Collection have the same two armorials (Weber 2013, cat. 273), which are described as having been added later ('Wappen später').
Ayers, Impey & Mallet 1990
Painted in the centre are the Royal arms of Poland, in white on red, with a gilt crown above. The remaining decoration is in the Kakiemon style with a red-and-gilt striped tiger and a bamboo, painted in colours and purple lustre, which curves round the well of the plate.
Augustus III, King of Saxony and Poland, (1670-1733), ordered several dinner services in the Japanese style. The first, known as the 'golden lion' or '"jagd" service', has a yellow ground and Kakiemon flowers and dates from before 1730; services with the 'red tiger' were then made, one bearing the arms of Saxony and the other those of Poland, c. 1731, followed by another with the arms of Saxony and Poland combined. See R. Rückert, 1966, Nos 451 and 452.
Errol Manners has commented that the central medallion coat of arms might be possibly have been added later in the 18th centrury. The dish would have been refired at low temperature causing slight discoloration to the tiger and bamboo motifs.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number