- Museum number
Part of stone tomb of Gaius Julius Alpinus Classicianus, procurator of Britain from AD61. the bolster has a patera-like terminal at either end and is ornamented along its length with imbrication; the tips of the leaves point to either end, changing direction at the mid-point, where they are secured by a broad band and a pair of chords, each tied with a reef knot. The projecting frieze comprises a rosette of leaves within a border. The inscription is preserved on two blocks.
Diameter: 51.20 centimetres (bolster)
Width: 77.50 centimetres
Depth: 154 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Incorporating 1852,0806.1-2. 'The discovery of the second [inscription block] in 1935 confirmed Roach Smith's conjecture, made 80 years earlier, that Classicianus, the deceased named on the upper block, was the imperial procurator appointed in AD60/61 after the Boudiccan revolt.... the dedication reveals that Classicianus' wife came from one of the leading families of the Treveri... Classicianus may well have had a similar background. It is perhaps to this region, around moder Trier, that we should look for comparanda for the type of monument and the sculpturual style' (CSIR I, 10, p. 49).
'The names Gaius Iulius suggests that an ancestor was enfranchised by Julius Caesar probably in Gaul, since the names Alpinus and Alpinius are found there. In AD 69, a Julius Alpinus was a leader of the Helvetii, and the Alpinus brothers were among the leading Treveri. Another Treveran is Julius Classicus, who in AD 69 was prefect of an ala when he rebelled against Rome; he was of 'royal' descent, and may have been a kinsman of Classicianus. This likelihood has been enhanced by one of the Bloomberg London writing tablets, which shows that he was prefect of the Sixth Cohort of Nervii in the early AD60s, perhaps by the recommendation of Classicianus. It was surely one of the eight auxiliary cohorts drafted in from Germany after Boudica was defeated. Classicianus also would have commanded Roman auxiliary units in his earlier career, details of which were recorded on the missing middle block; all that survives of the text here is another apex. The most illuminating detail is the name of his wife, the daughter of Indus (without qualification) who must be the Treveran grandee who raised his own cavalry regiment in AD 21 at Trier to suppress a Gallic uprising. This became the als Indiana... It follows that Classicianus was of aristocratic but provincial origin, and married into a provincial family which supported Roman rule. His different perspective may have made him more sympathetic than Suetonius Paulinus was to the recently conquered Britons, but then Paulinus was an Italian who had been fighting far from home with his back to the wall' (Tomlin 2018, 38).
- On display (G49/od)
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Found built upside down into the bastion of the Roman wall of London on the east side of Trinity Place in June 1935.
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number