- Museum number
Gilt-copper alloy strap attachment: circular cast plate with back-plate linked at base by loops securing heavy D-shaped ring; chip-carved, punched and incised geometric decoration with a central marigold motif surrounded by rings of barred triangles, ring-and-dots, interlocking triangles and ring-and-dot border; one attachment rivet and holes for another three.
Gilt-copper-alloy buckle has a circular plate decorated with chip-carved, punched and incised, geometric ornament. D-shaped loop.
The attachment-plate is gilt copper-alloy (mercury-gilded) and circular. The front plate consists of a cast disc decorated in the centre with a chip-carved, six-petalled flower-motif, each petal with five or six punched dots in the middle. There are stamped triangles between each petal with all-over ribbing inside them. The central motif is surrounded by concentric lines of decoration forming a broad zone around it. The flower-motif is surrounded by six of the same kind of petal-pattern. This motif can also be seen as six conjoined triangles in a hexagonal arrangement with the petals as the sides of each triangle. There are similar ribbed triangles around this outer petal-pattern, which are surrounded by stamped ring-and-dots. Around it is a line of punched double-triangles which is surrounded by another row of ring-and-dots (the same as the one above). The decoration is framed by an incised line all around the edge.
The front and back-plates are linked by the folded flap attachment and were made from the same sheet. The folded flap attachment is rectangular with a slot cut in the centre to accommodate the buckle-tongue, and folded over. It is decorated with punched dots.
The back-plate is made by hammering and cutting to shape, thereby obtaining a thin sheet of the same size and shape as the buckle-plate.
Both the front and back-plates are perforated for attachment-rivets through the centre, and at three points around the edge in a triangular arrangement. A copper-alloy attachment-rivet survives in one of the four holes.
The buckle-loop is D-shaped and made from a solid copper-alloy rod which is a leaded gunmetal. There are iron fragments on its surface in the slot of the folded flap attachment which represent the remains of an iron tongue.
- Production date
Length: 74 millimetres
Weight: 62.77 grammes
Width: 52.50 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Andrási 2008
This general type of buckle, and mounts with a similar stamped pattern, occur in an area extending from the Rhine region to the Black Sea coast, including central and northern Europe, and central and south-west Poland. They are products of provincial Roman workshops of the mid-4th to mid-5th century and were possibly made to the order of the upper social strata of Germanic tribes.
Madyda-Legutko surveyed most of this type of belt-fitting and gives a chronological and typological classification.
A buckle of this type from Yalta (Crimea) is published by Baranov. Buckle-plates from Schinna and Sahlenburg (Germany) are also decorated with similar stamped ornament.
The aspects of this cultural circle are further discussed by Bóna, Tejral  and Aibabin.
1. Madyda-Legutko R. 1978, The buckles with imprint ornamentation. Wiadomości Archeologiczne, (Warsaw) XLIII, 3‑16 – with list of related literature
2. Baranov I.A. 1975, Rannesrednevekovaya pryazhka iz Yalty. SA 1975 - 1, 272 , ill. 1A; B
3. Böhme H.W. 1974, Germanische Grabfunde des 4. bis 5. Jahrhunderts zwischen Unterer Elbe und Loire. Studien zur Chronologie und Bevölkerungsgeschichte. 2 vols. Münchner Beiträge zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte 19, Munich; 250; 251, pls 41:1; 40:1‑6
4. Bóna I. 1971, A népvándorlás kora Fejér megyében. Fejér megye története az őskortól a honfoglalásig 5, (Székesfehérvár), 228, ill. 3; Bóna I. 1991, Das Hunnenreich (Budapest-Stuttgart). 172–3 ill. 66, 261–2; Bóna I. 1993, A hunok és nagykirályaik. Budapest. 150–1 ill. 66, 235–6
5. Tejral J. 1985, Naše země a rímské Podunají na počatku doby stohování národů. Památky Archeologické. LXXVI - 2 (Prague), 308–97, pl. 2; 26
6. Aibabin A.I. 1990, Khronologiya mogil’nikov Kryma Pozdnerimskogo i rannesrednevekovogo vremeni. MAIET. I, 28–9, pls 2:45; 6:10
- Not on display
- There are traces of corrosion on the back-plate. The tongue is missing. The gilding is imperfect.
Most of the attachment-rivets are missing.
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: 272 (old catalogue number)