- Museum number
Perfume-bottle, jasper ware (stoneware) with applied portrait medallion cameos on each side; two white relief busts in profile to right of the Marquis de Lafayette; reverse Jean Sylvain Bailly; white relief festoon borders and scalloped pattern; moulded and applied to dark blue jasper dip ground.
- Production date
- 1790 (circa)
Diameter: 2 inches
- Curator's comments
Lafayette joined the army of the American colonies in 1777 and returned to France a hero of that campaign. In 1787 he sat in the Assembly of Notables and in the States General and National Assembly of 1789. Although he favoured the abolition of titles and other measures, he remained supportive of the king and queen, especially as their isolation increased, and took the Oath of Federation on behalf of the French nation in 1790. He became a figure of deep suspicion to radicals in 1792, finally fleeing France and surrendering to the Austrians before he became an almost certain candidate for the guillotine. He was liberated by Napoleon in 1797. The portrait is based on a medallic portrait by Benjamin Duvivier (‘Trésor de Numismatique Française: Médailles de la Révolution Française’, Paris, 1836, pl. ix, 3), completed early in 1790.
Bailly, author of ‘Histoire de l’Astronomie’, 1775-87, shared with Fontenelle the honour of belonging to the Académie des Sciences, the Académie Française and the Académie des Inscriptions. He was Mayor of Paris and President of the National Assembly during the Revolution but after allowing the National Guard to fire on the mob left Paris. He was arrested and guillotined in Paris in November 1793.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number