- Museum number
Iron adze-hammer. The eye is circular and with a long collar which is now too damaged for its original length to be certain. The hammer-head is conical, widening from the eye to a rounded, circular face. The adze-blade has straight sides which widen from the head to the slightly convex edge which is formed by a chamfer on the underside.
- Production date
Length: 215 millimetres
Width: 67 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Manning 1985
This is the most typical form, found equally commonly in Britain and Germany. The length of the collar and hammer-head may vary, but these are minor differences in a very standardised tool. Examples may be quoted from the Carlingwark Loch Hoard, Kirkcudbrightshire (Piggott 1953, 37, fig. 9, C50), Gelligaer (Ward 1903, 87, fig. 17), Cirencester (Corinium Museum, two examples, one with the remains of small lugs in front of the eye) , Great Chesterford, Essex, (Liversidge 1976, fig. 269) and the Loudoun Hill Hoard, Ayrshire (Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, with small lugs in front of the eye); Feldberg ('O.R.L.' BII 1, Kastell 10 (1937), 35, Taf. IX, 25), Zugmantel ('O.R.L.' BII 1, Kastell 8 (1937), 102, Taf. XVI, 2), Rheingönheim (Ulbert 1969, 53, Taf. 48, 28), Königsforst (Gaitzsch 1980, 376, Taf. 56, 279), Compiègne (Reinach 1923, 262, fig. 272, 28992 and 15860A). The type was common at Pompeii (Gaitzsch 1980, 345, Taf. 10, nos 42, 44, Taf. 11, 45), and appears frequently in Roman reliefs showing carpenters and their tools, clearly being regarded as a suitable symbol of their craft (pl. I from Frascati, Italy).
Bibliography: Lysons 1817, pl. XI, 1.
- Not on display
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number