- Museum number
Cameo; onyx; The Blood of the Redeemer, Christ before the Cross, with saints and angels; Christ stands before the cross, which has a titulus and scourge hanging at each side; one of his arms supported by the Virgin, the other by St John; on either side a small angel holds a chalice, to catch the blood from the wounds, that on the right has his arm round a twisted column; in the background are two mourning women, the lance and the reed with sponge; inscribed; attached to silver pendant mount.
- Production date
Length: 1.60 inches
- Curator's comments
- Text from Dalton 1915, Catalogue of Engraved Gems:
The subject of this gem is identical with that on the upper part of a terra-cotta relief in the Victoria and Albert Museum (no. 1195-1903), described as probably Florentine of the late fifteenth century (Figure 19). The lower part of this relief shows an angel with his back to the spectator, holding up a chalice in each hand to catch the blood from the wounds in Our Lord's feet; on either side kneel St. John the Baptist and St. Jerome. The character of the subject agrees with the religious sentiment of Savonarola's revival.
For the mystical representation of Our Lord as the Man of Sorrows, cf. W. de G. Birch and H. Jenner, Early Drawings and Illustrations, &c., 1879, pp. 162 and 181. s.v. Jesus Christ, mystical: Eucharistic Ecce Homo; and Mrs Jameson, History of Our Lord, ii, p. 360. An intaglio in the Royal Library in the Hague has Our Lord in the tomb before a cross from which scourges hang.
Possibly made for a member of a confraternity of the Holy Blood in the Veneto, see J Warren in Madonnas and Miracles, Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge 2017, pp.60-61, which includes analysis and new image of the VAM terracotta whence the gem derives [ upper section of relief].
Discussed and reproduced in S Alcamo, Un aggiunta al catalogo di Cristoforo Solari, Studi Veneziani, LXXVII (2018) 303-327, pp. 321-325 (fig. 5) suggests that 1867,0507.729* was made in Milan or Lombardy, and proposes a date of 1503-1504.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2017 7 Mar - 4 June, Cambridge, The Fitzwilliam, Madonnas and Miracles.
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number