- Museum number
Accessory vessel; pottery; biconical with incised decoration. On the internal rim bevel is a vertically-hatched band defined by horizontal lines and below the rim is a diagonally-hatched band above a vertically-hatched band, separated and defined by horizontal lines. On the shoulder and at the base is mirror image of the zone below the rim. One pair of perforations. C. 40% survives.
- Production date
- 1500BC-1100BC (circa)
Diameter: 29 millimetres (base)
Diameter: 73 millimetres (mouth)
Height: 54 millimetres
Weight: 174.70 grammes
Thickness: 9 millimetres (rim)
Width: 83 millimetres
Depth: 35 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Kinnes 1985
Description of site: Round barrow at north end of central linear cluster of Seven Barrows cemetery, at 150m OD on chalk at edge of upper Lambourn valley, on arable.
Circumstances: Barrow excavated by E.M. Atkins and/ or J. Wilson c. 1850: mound completely removed (subsequently restored) and ditch sectioned; Diam. 33m H. 2.9m, earth core sealed by chalk rubble and capped by earth, ditch D. 0.9m with fill of dark earth, charcoal and sarsen blocks.
Probable sequence based on recorded stratigraphy: Burial 1 sealed by earth core; Burials 3, 4 and 2(?) sealed by chalk capping; Burials 5-116 post-dated chalk capping (NB. discrepancies in stratigraphy and associations between Smith, R.A., 1921. The Seven Barrows at Lambourn, ‘Arch. J.’ 78, 48-54.and Case, H.J., 1957. The Lambourn Seven Barrows, ‘Berkshire Arch. J.’ 55, 15-31).
Burial 1: central double cremation deposit in burnt area on old surface L. 8.7m W. 5.7m (Smith) or Diam. 6m (Case), with dagger (1862,0707.41), accessory cup (1862,0707.8) and awl (1862,0707.61).
Contextual information: 2a/A3-4
Dating and interpretation of burial group: Burial 1: dagger in nebulous group of small flat riveted forms, most of which are badly preserved and have no clear pattern of associations; awl not traceable but from Smith's description (1921, 50) would seem to be Type 2 (Thomas, N., 1968. Note on the Carrickinab awl, ‘Ulster J. Arch.’ 31, 23-4.) with general Wessex associations; cup parallels listed by Longworth (Longworth, I.H., 1984. ‘Collared Urns of the Bronze Age in Great Britain and Ireland.’ Cambridge, 54), mainly northern and western distribution but matched in Wessex at Winterborne St Martin 46 with Type Snowshill Variant Edington dagger (Gerloff, S., 1975. ‘The Early Bronze Age Daggers in Great Britain.’ PBF VI.2, Munich, no. 165); c.1500-1100 bc.
Burial 4: dagger in variable group of midribbed forms, of which examples with narrow midrib associated with Collared Urns at Stanton Moor and Inverkeilor (Gerloff 1975, nos. 303 and 306; Longworth 1984, nos. 292 and 1994); Collared Urn of Secondary Series coeval with Wessex 1 and 2 (Longworth 1984, 80); date c.1500-1100 bc.
Registered with this material are restored vessels and sherds may derive from Burials 5-62 [Barrow 1, Lambourn, Berks] but no certainty exists; all are of Deverel-Rimbury tradition; Biconical (1862,0707.1, 1862,0707.10a) Globular (1862,0707.7-10), Barrel (1862,0707.6), sherds (1862,0707.9, 1862,0707.13a-b). Successive accounts of associations cannot be reconciled with surviving material (Smith 1921; Case 1957; jet pendant listed by Gerloff 1975, no.304 is from Barrow 18).
Comparisons: Accessory Cup Bipartite 10c (Longworth 1984, 54).
- Not on display
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number