- Museum number
Copper alloy belt suspension is casted as a ring divided by three bars relief exterior supporting central openwork disc. It has a copper alloy high tin bronze bell pendant (type as no.25) of a globular shape with cruciform slit and grooved geometric decoration attached to it.
- Production date
Diameter: 35.50 millimetres (ring)
Height: 27 millimetres (bell)
Length: 67 millimetres (total)
Weight: 20.29 grammes
Width: 19 millimetres (bell)
- Curator's comments
- A summary introduction to the Bähr Collection of 1852
Professor Johann Karl Bähr (1801-1869) held a chair first as the Riga Academy of Art and subsequently at Dresden. He began to form an archaeological collection of mainly Balt and Finno-Ugrian material following the floods along the River Daugava (Duna) in summer 1837, which uncovered or washed out several inhumation cemeteries of the period, notably at Aizkraukle (formerly Ascheraden) and Sigulda (Segewold).
Violent political unrest on the Continent in 1848-49 seems to have been one of the chief reasons behind his decision to sell his collection, as well as disillusion with the debate over the significance of the material he had assembled, which gainsaid his own view that the Iron Age artefacts had belonged to the native Finno-Ugrian Livs. The collection was acquired by the British Museum in 1852 on account of perceived analogies to Viking-period finds that were being made in England.
Although no original manuscript catalogue seems to have reached London, Bähr published an account of his excavations at Aizkraukle and Sigulda (Bähr 1850). This forms the basis of and supplements the information about findspots recorded in the register. But it still itemises only eight of the fifty or more graves that he excavated at the former site and gives only a small selection of those from the latter and the region of Daugmale. There appear to be further arrangements of objects by significant groups in the register, which possibly indicate grave assemblages that future research may be able to identify. (Barry Ager)
Bähr J.K, Die Gräber der Liven - Ein Beitrag zur nordischen Alterthumskunde und Geschichte. Dresden 1850, pp. 8, 59 pl. X: 4.
Nerman B, Die Verbindungen zwischen Scandinavien und dem Ostbaltikum in der Jüngeren Eisenzeit, KVHAA Handlingar 40:1. Stockholm 1929, p. 129.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number